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Oleh:

Susila Kristianingrum, M.Si


arah bangunan
Tidak pada arah angin
Jauh dari sumber mata air
Memiliki saluran pembuangan (pengolahan
limbah)
Jauh / terpisah dari bangunan lainnya
Mudah dikontrol keamanan
2,5 m persegi/ siswa
Bentuk bujur sangkar or persegi
Ada ruang pengampu, persiapan,asisten,dan ruang
laboran
Ada gudang alat dan bahan
Terdapat ruang gelap( foto, reaksi)
Ruang timbang yg bebas bahan k, dan getar
Pintu dan jendela lebar dan arah keluar
Lantai rata dan tidak licin
Pintu darurat
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Lindungi Pekerja
Aktifkan Kerja
Aman Fasilitas\
Lindungi Lingkungan
Mematuhi Peraturan

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Menyediakan tempat kerja yang
aman / aman
Memfasilitasi kegiatan tempat kerja
Efisien
Biaya Efektif

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Miskin Komunikasi
Kurangnya Pengetahuan Ilmiah
Proyek yang rumit
Trade-offs
Kepribadian user

Pemeliharaan

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Dasar:

Containment

Maximize Containment Minimize


Contamination

Redundancy is the Key

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Chemical Containment
Concept
Environment Facility Environment

Chemistry
Knowledge
Facility

Storage Personnel Operations

Facility Engineering Controls

Environment Environment
Facility

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1
Chemistry Knowledge
Workers must have knowledge and
understanding

2
Containment
Safe/Secure Storage
Proper Work Practices
Good Engineering Controls

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3
Construction
How well the facility is built

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Architects
Engineers
Administrators
Builders
EHS Professionals
Laboratory Users

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Definition
(problems and needs)
(iterative process)
Interpretation
(of requirements into design criteria)
(iterative process)
Design
(translates specifications into pragmatic reality)

Construction
(to accomplish goal)

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Architectural Features Include:
- Layout of buildings and laboratories
- Space requirements
- Spatial arrangement of equipment and
benches
- Emergency egress
- Storage requirements
- Waste requirements
- Access controls
- Security features
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Spatial
Floor plan
Location of rooms and equipment
Traffic flow of people and equipment
Access control
Mechanical
Ventilation
Utilities
Effluent control
Control and monitoring
Safety and Security

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Factors in Laboratory Design

Architectural
HVAC*
Safety and Security
- Fire
- Emergencies
- Exposures
- Access/exit control (facility, chemicals,
equipment)
(* heating, ventilation, and air conditioning)

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General Information Needed
Number of occupants and their technical
qualifications
Space and storage requirements
Utilities needed
Equipment needs
Time/duration of occupancy
Anticipated changes in research/programs
Sustainability (environmental, green initiatives)
Security needs

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Safety/Security Information Needed
Before Design can Begin

Type of Work/Research
Type of Hazards
Type of Wastes
Chemical
Biological
Radiation
High Voltage

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Safety/Security Information
Needed for Lab Design, contd.
Types of Chemicals
(based on physical state and properties)
Flammable
Corrosive (acid or base)
Reactive
Acutely Toxic (poisons)
Regulated
Chronically Toxic (e.g.,carcinogens, repro-toxins)
Chemicals of security concern
Controlled Drugs
Wastes
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Laboratorium Kimia Khusus
Penekanan Aspek Keselamatan / Keamanan
Meliputi:
Deteksi kebakaran, alarm, dan penekanan sistem
Keamanan peralatan (pancuran darurat yaitu, pencuci
mata dan kontrol kontaminan)
Ventilasi (tudung laboratorium yaitu, kotak sarung
tangan, selungkup berventilasi)
Pengelolaan bahan kimia dan limbah
Akses kontrol untuk fasilitas dan laboratorium

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Persiapan sampel dan area penyimpanan
Pisahkan destruksi sampel menggunakan
asam-khusus dalam almari asam (fume hood)
Memisahkan pelarut ekstraksi untuk
mengurangi kontaminasi uap
Penempatan pencuci mata yang tepat,
memadai
Area penyimpanan limbah
Penyimpanan tabung gas
Zona atau daerah kontrol
mungkin telah berbeda:
Jenis dan tingkat bahaya
Jumlah bahan kimia
berbahaya
Memungkinkan kontrol lebih
baik atas:
personil akses
bahaya menggunakan
peralatan APD
prosedur administrasi
Contoh: Api zona keselamatan,
zona HVAC, lantai Bangunan

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Praktek terbaik adalah
untuk memisahkan
gerakan:
1. populasi umum
2. personil laboratorium
3. Bahan kimia dan
bahan laboratorium.

Internal "layanan koridor"


antara laboratorium:
1. Biarkan transportasi
bahan kimia jauh dari
publik
2. Menyediakan akses ke
utilitas dan peralatan
pendukung lainnya
3. Menyediakan akses
keluar laboratorium
dengan pintu darurat General Staff Chemical Utility
untuk koridor utama Lab Office Free Corridor

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Multiple, specialized
Teaching stockroom
stockrooms rather than
one central storeroom High traffic
Chemicals dispensed across Only keep ~1 week
counter supply of chemicals
Access restricted to needed for student
stockroom personnel experiments
Locked when unattended Central Stockroom
Wide variety of chemicals
and materials
Additional controls and
containment for
regulated, attractive, or
dual-use chemicals
Chemicals stored in
compatible groups

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Tanks inside labs
Wide variety of
gases
Low use rates
Strap to wall or
bench
Transport safely

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Tren saat ini di Laboratorium
Desain Kepedulian Keselamatan / Keamanan
Open Laboratories
Energy Conservation
Ventilation Concerns
Hood Designs
Hood Manifold systems
Effluent Modeling from Exhaust Stacks
Lab Decommissioning

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Open Laboratory Closed Laboratory

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36
Regina Tutik P dan Susila Kristianingrum.
(2007). Diktat Kuliah Manajemen
Laboratorium. Yogyakarta: FMIPA UNY.
Archenhold, et all. (1978). School Science
Laboratories, A Handbook of Design
Management and Organization. London :
John Murray
Everet, K. & Hughes, D. (1979). A Guide to
Laboratory Design, London : Butterworths
1. Gambarkan denah/skema ruangan lab. di sekolah
anda!
2. Berikan perbedaan antara lab terbuka dan lab
tertutup!
3. Ditinjau dari letak lab, bagian manakah yang
belum sesuai pada lab di sekolah anda ? Apa
solusinya!
4. Ditinjau dari keberadaan ruangan , bagian apa dari
lab sekolah anda yang belum cocok dg desain lab
berdasar konsep manajemen lab yang baku?
Bagaimana solusinya?