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Leachate Contamination Pattern Based on Analysis of Physical

Properties of Water in Handapherang Landsite, Ciamis District


Muhammad Fikri Azis1, Rian Iskandar2, Muhammad Razzaaq Al Ghiffari3, Teuku Yan Waliana Muda Iskandarsyah4
1,2,3Undergraduated Program of Geological Engineering, Padjadjaran University, Jatinangor, Indonesia 45363
4Postgraduated Program of Geological Engineering, Padjadjaran University, Jatinangor, Indonesia 45363
E-mail: muhammad14007@mail.unpad.ac.id

Introduction
Waste is one of the problem that oftenly faced by many cities in Indonesia. This Soil cover thickness
increasing problem of waste is related to the rapid rate of urbanization in those cities. Soil cover is fine tuff with thickness 2,74 m and
The necessity of waste disposal place or landfill site becomes more urgent. Such cases a permeable bedrock
happens in Handapherang landfill site that located in Ciamis sub-district, Ciamis
regency, West Java. This landfill site located at the southeast of Ciamis city and the
distance approximately 4 km.
The geological condition around Handapherang landfill site consists of volcanic breccia, Figure 3. Soil Cover Thickness
flow breccia, tuff, and layered andesitic lava to basaltic (Buditrisna, 1986). This landsfill
Figure 3. Soil thickness
site located in the Citanduy fault zone that extend from the Citanduy river alignment in Handapherang Landfill Site Rating Using Le Grand Method (1980)
Ciamis regency, and it continues to the northwest direction across Kadipaten,
Majalengka region. In Kadipeten, the dragfold structure involving Kaliwangu formation Handapherang Landfill Site
According to this rating results,
Parameter
and Citalang Formation with a shape that looks like a Z. With those two field Data Rating it shows that Handapherang
evidence, it can be concluded that this Citanduy fault is a dextral fault (Ismawan, 2016). landfill site classified as a bad
Distance to drinking
Handapherang landfill site has a morphology of volcanic plain with a V-shaped valley 180 3
water source (m) land class for a landfill usage.
and a steep slope of river wall Groundwater depth
2 7
Handapherang landfill site is a part of Ciamis Groundwater Basin with an average of from landfill ground (m)
unconfined aquifer debit 448 million m3/year and confined aquifer debit 14 million 25,77%, opposite to
Groundwater gradient
m3/year. This aquifer also included as a productive local aquifer, which the water flows and flow direction
water supply flow 4
direction
through interstice and intergranular space. The purpose of this research is to
acknowledge the contamination effect of the landfill site to its surrounding area. Soil cover permeability
2,74 m of sandy clay
soil with permeable 8
and thickness
bedrock
Data and Method Total 22
This research uses the primary data, those are soil type and thickness data, Table 1. Handapherang Landfill Site Rating (Le Grand, 1980)
groundwater level data, and physical properties data. Le Grand method used in this
research to find out the possibility of contamination from the landfill site. Thera 4 C. Water Physical Properties
parameters used in this Le Grand method, those are the distance of contaminant Water samples that have been taken around landfill site then analyzed its physical
source to the nearest water utilization spot, thickness and permeability of soil cover, properties. Total disolves solid (TDS) value is used to make a contour map. It is useful
groundwater depth, and flow direction and gradient of the groundwater. After that, to know the landfill site contamination. The data can be seen below.
these 4 paramters are rated and the sum of this rating shows the suitability of land Station pH TDS EC
class for the landfill site. SR A1 7 210 430
SR A2 7 210 440
Groundwater level mapping has been used to find out the flow direction of the SR B1 7 230 470
groundwater. Besides that, water physical properties test also conducted to every SR B2 7 230 470
sample of water that taken around the landfill site. So we can acknowledge the SR B3 7 250 520
SR B4 7 230 520
possibility of water contamintaion from this Handapherang landfill site. SR B5 7 210 440

Results and Discussion SR B6


SR B7
7
7
240
190
490
400
A. Topographic and Isofreatic Map B. Le Grand Method SR B8 7 200 420
SR B9 7 200 420
The distance between landfill SR B10 7 230 480
site and nearest consumption SR B11 7,1 210 430
water resource. SL A1 7,1 200 410
SL B1 7 200 420
SL B2 7,1 180 390

Table 2. Physical properties data Figure 4. Total Dissolve Solid Map

Conclusion
According to the groundwater level map and water physical properties data that
collected around the Handapherang landfill site, it can be concluded that this landfill
Figure 1. Topographic and Isofreatic Map doesnt contaminate the source of groundwater that utilized by nearby societies. It is
shown from the topography and groundwater level map. The groundwater flows from
Groundwater level mapping that has the water utilization spot into the landfill site. While the river that flows near the
been conducted produce this Figure 2. Distance of the landfill site to the nearest source landfill site is possibly contaminated due to the water physical properties data. As
of water utilization is 180m.
topographic and Isofreatic Map above. It shown in the increasing of TDS and EC from SL B2 station that located before the
shows that the gorundwater flow landfill site, to the SL A1 station that located after the landfill site. The increasing of
direction is southwest south leads to TDS and EC value could indicate that the waste in this landfill site already contamine
Citanduy and Cipalih river. From this this Citanduy river.
map, we can see that the water low References
direction doesnt leads to the water Budhitrisna, 1986, Peta Geologi Lembar Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat, Badan Geologi:
utilization source spot. Bandung.
Pusat Sumber Daya Air Tanah dan Geologi Lingkungan, 1990, Peta Hidrogeologi
Groundwater depth from the bottom of landfill site.
Kabupaten Ciamis, Bandung.
50 + 16,5 Sukrisna, A., dkk, 2008, Peta Cekungan Air Tanah Provinsi Jawa Barat dan Daerah
= Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta, Pusat Sumber Daya Air Tanah dan Geologi Lingkungan:
243 90
Bandung.
Ismawan, dan Haryanto, I., 2016, Pengaruh Sesar Citanduy Terhadap Pola Jurus
5090 Lapisan Batuan di Daerah Bantarujeg-Majalengka, Provinsi Jawa Barat, Bulletin
= 16,5 = 2 m
243 of Scientific Contribution, Vol. 14, No. 2:171-178.
Iskandarsyah, T., 2011, Analisis Tapak Rinci Untuk TPA Sampah, Pusat Pendidikan dan
Gradient of groundwater table and its flow direction. Pelatihan Geologi: Bandung.

i = Arc tan 0,2057 = 11,6o Acknowledgement
50 11,6 The authors especially thank Dr. Teuku Yan Waliana Muda Iskandarsyah, ST., MT. as
I = 243 = 0,2057 GW gradient = 45
x 100% = 25,77% adviser in this paper. The authors thank Enviromental Laboratory for technical support
and permission to do labolatory analysis. The authors also thank Muhammad Fikri
Aziss family and civitas academica in Faculty of Geological Engineering UNPAD, so this
paper can be finally done.

JCM2017-497