Anda di halaman 1dari 17

ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

Eugenia Ida Edward


UB00102 Communicative English Grammar
Book(s)
Required Text
Additional

Materials
Item 1
Item 2

Item 3
Adjectives

To describe nouns (people, places


or things)
They are safe streets.
The streets are safe.

Safe tells you more about the


streets.
Adverbs

To describe: verbs, adjectives,


other adverbs.
Verbs: The manager talks quietly.
Adjectives: Hes extremely quiet.
Other adverbs: He works very
quietly.
Word Order

An adjective usually goes right


before the noun it describes.
This is a small house.
It can also go after a non-action

verb such as be, look, seem,


appear, smell or taste.
This house looks small.
Word Order
An adverb usually goes after the verb it
describes.
The apartment rented quickly.
BE CAREFUL! Do NOT put an adverb between the
verb and the object.
Shedecorated the house beautifully.
NOT: She decorated beautifully the house.

An adverb usually goes right before the adjective


or adverb it describes.
Its
an extremely nice house.
They found it very quickly.
Adverbs of Manner
To describe more information about action verbs.
They decorated the apartment beautifully!
They rented it quickly.

Forms most adverbs of manner by adding ly to


the adjective: adjective + -ly= adverb
We need a quick decision.
You should decide quickly.
Adverbs of Manner
Some adverbs of manner also have a form
without ly (the same as the adjective). The form
without ly is more informal.
Dont speak so loudly.
Dont speak so loud.

MORE FORMAL MORE INFORMAL

SLOWLY SLOW

QUICKLY QUICK
LOUDLY LOUD

CLEARLY CLEAR
Adverbs of Manner
BE CAREFUL! Some adjectives also end in lyfor
example friendly, lonely, lovely and silly.
Its a lovely apartment.

Some common adverbs of manner are NOT formed by


adding ly to adjectives:
The adverb form of good is well.
Hes a good driver./ He drives well.
Early, fast, hard, late and wrong have the same
adjective and adverb forms.
She is a hard worker. She works hard.
Adverbs of manner
BE CARERFUL! Hardly is not the adverb form
of hard. Hardly means almost not. Lately is
not the adverb form of late. Lately means
recently.
Theres hardly enough room for a bed.
theres almost not enough room for a bed.
We havent seen any nice houses lately.
Were getting discouraged.
Use degree adverbs to make adjectives
and other adverbs stronger to weaker.
absolutely awfully really pretty fairly not at all
completely terribly so;very quite
100% 0%

Awfully and terribly can describe something


good or bad.
The landlord was awfully rude.
The apartment was awfully nice.
Degree Adverbs
Not at all means totally not
I didnt like the apartment at all.
I totally didnt like it.
Word order for NOT AT ALL.

After a verb/ verb + object


They didnt decorate the place at all.
After or before an adjective or another
adverb
It wasnt nice at all./ it wasnt at all nice.
Participial adjectives

It is adjectives that end with ing or


ed. They come from verbs.
The story amazes me.
Its an amazing story./ Im
amazed.
Participial Adjectives

It often describes feelings.


Use the ing form for someone or
something that causes the feeling.
The fly is disgusting. (The fly causes the
feeling.)
Use the ed form for the person who has
the feeling.
Im disgusted. (I have the feeling.)
Word Order: Adjectives before
Nouns

1.Its in a charming old residential


neighborhood.
2.I bought a nice black leather couch.
Word Order: Adjectives before
Nouns
This only happens when adjectives to
describe the nouns are too long.
We follow the order based on the previous
chart shown.
EXCEPTION: Size adjectives (such as big and
small) often go first in a series of adjectives.
Its a small affordable one-room
apartment.
Its an affordable small one-room
apartment.
Word Order: Adjectives before
Nouns
We do not use COMMAS between adjectives
that belong to different categories.
I got large round Mexican mirror.

For adjectives that belong to the same category,


the order is not important. Use commas to
separate these adjectives.
Shes a friendly, helpful, nice woman.
All the adjectives are opinion adjectives, so
the order can change.