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PERANCANGAN

PRODUK DAN PROSES


KIMIA
Dessy Ariyanti, ST., MT
Hargono, MT,IR

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REFERENSI
1. Douglas, J. M. (1995). Chemical Process Design. McGraw-Hill Book Co.,
Tokyo.

2. Cussler, E. L and Moggridge, G. D. (2001). Chemical Product Design.


Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

3. Ulrich, K. T. and Eppinger, S. D. (2011). Product Design and


Development. 5rd edn. Mc Graw Hill, Boston.

4. Seider, W. D., Seider, J. D., & Lewin, D. R. (2004). Product & Process
Design Principles: Synthesis, Analysis and Evaluation. John Wiley & Sons,
Inc., New York.

5. Smith, R. (2005). Chemical Processes: Design and Integration. John Wiley


& Sons, Inc., New York.

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TUJUAN PEMBELAJARAN
Setelah mengikuti mata kuliah ini, mahasiswa
diharapkan mampu mengembangkan
perencanaan produk kimia (chemical product
design) secara inovatif sebagai integrasi antara
kemampuan pengetahuan teknik kimia dengan
kemampuan managerial.

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TUJUAN PEMBELAJARAN
1. Perancangan produk kimia

2. Flowsheet proses

- pemilihan unit proses

- interkoneksi antar unit

- estimasi kondisi operasi optimum dan desain

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POKOK BAHASAN
1. Konsep dasar perancangan produk (chemical product design)

2. Konsep technology push dan market pull

3. Perancangan produk kimia dan life cycle analysis

4. Quality function deployment

5. Interaksi produk dan process design

6. Prinsip dasar dan tahap-tahap perancangan proses kimia;

7. Struktur dan sintesis process flow diagram;

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SISTEM PENILAIAN

TUGAS 10 25 10
UTS 40 25 25 + 15

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OUTLINE KULIAH HARI INI
Konsep dasar perancangan produk (chemical product design)

1. Pengantar

2. Pengenalan produk kimia

3. Konsep dasar chemical product design

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INTRODUCTION
Perubahan paradigma Chemical Engineer
engaged in all kinds of activities well beyond traditional
chemical engineering. (memadukan segala kegiatan teknik
kimia yang terlalu sulit, yang bersifat tradisional)
primary metal manufacture, food, consumer goods,
electronics, medical devices, pharmaceuticals, water, finance,
etc.
Societal megatrends such as human health, water, food, etc.
will demand new technologies of ChemEs
Products are no longer just another truck or rail car of a
solvent or plastic but can be a consumer good, a system, a
manufactured article, etc. this requires a different skill set of
chemical engineers.
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CHEMICAL PRODUCT

write down one of chemical


product that pop out from
your mind

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA

Basic Chemical Industrial Products


Products

Configured Consumer
Product:

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA
Basic Chemical Products:
1. Involve well-defined molecules and mixtures of
molecules
2. Not sold directly to the consumer.
3. Technological inventions (penemuan,rekaan) normally
associated (dihubungkan) with new materials and less
often with new process/ manufacturing and product
technologies.

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA

Primary
Basic chemical
product
Secondary

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA

- Commodity or Bulk chemicals


- Manufactured in large-scale processes
(>1000 t/year) in continuous operation.
- Product that is sold without differentiation by all
suppliers (quality and composition are identical);
Primary characterized by thermophysical and transport
properties.
- Sold into a global market: products differentiated
Contoh: Sulfuric acid, only by price (low selling prices + high sales V).
ethylene, propylene, - Focus of the design is on the process to produce
phosphoric acid, ammonia them from various raw materials

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA
- Fine chemicals and Specialty chemicals
- Manufactured in small quantities
(<100 t/year) in batch processing.
- Low sales volume with high selling prices (10$/kg
cosmetic component 2000 /100 mg tPA drug)
- Focus of the design on identify the chemicals or mixture
Secondary of chemicals that have the desired properties to satisfy
consumer needs.
- Fine chemicals:
Defined by their chemical structure and content
Contoh: Cosmetic
- Specialty chemicals:
components, drugs.
Identified by their performance. Trade marked names
and their chemical composition is often proprietary

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA
Industrial Products:
1. Properties in satisfying (memuaskan) customer needs
are dominant (microstructure, particle-size distribution,
functional, sensorial and physical properties).
2. Few industrial chemicals are purchased by the
consumer.
3. Are ingredients and building blocks of configured
consumer products.
4. Films, fibers, paper, creams, pastes

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PENGENALAN PRODUK KIMIA
Configured Consumer Products:
1. Normally sold to the consumer.
2. Characterized by properties similar to those of Industrial
chemicals; in same cases their three-dimensional
configurations are crucial to satisfying customer needs.
3. These include integrated circuits, dialysis devices, solar
desalination devices, drug delivery patches, fuel cells,
hand-warmers, Post-it notes, ink-jet cartridges,
detachable wall hangers, cosmetics, laundry detergents,
pharmaceuticals, transparencies for overhead
projectors, and many others.

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THE AIMS OF CHEMICAL PRODUCT
AND PROCESS DESIGN
1. To produce a purchased raw material
2. To convert a waste by-product to a valuable product
3. To create (membuat) a completely new material
(syntethic fiber, food, bioprocessing)
4. To find a new way of producing an existing product (new
catalyst, bioprocessing alternative)
5. To exploit (memanfaatkan) new technology
6. To exploit a new material of construction (high-temp or
high-press operation, speciality polymer)

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BASIC CHEMICAL PRODUCT DESIGN
Needs What need should
the product fill?
Ideas What kind of ideas
could fill this need?
Selection Which ideas are the
most promissing?
Manufacture How can we make the
product and test it
critically?

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BASIC CHEMICAL PRODUCT DESIGN
Process Design vs. Product Design: Chemical Engineering Design

Product Design Process Design


Customer Need (Market Pull-
Input/Output structure
Technology Push)
Idea Generation Batch vs. Continuous

Selection Reaction and Recycle


Separation system / heat
Manufacture process
recovery
Adapted from Cussler, 2011.
Cussler, E., 2011, Education for the New Chemical Industry. XXXII National Meeting of AMIDIQ. Mexico,
May 4,2011

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BASIC CHEMICAL PRODUCT DESIGN
Design in its most simplistic viewpoint is composed of the
following steps:
1. Determine the problem and its constraints
2. Generate potential solutions
3. Develop sufficient detail that solutions can be
compared and eliminated
4. Implement the preferred solution

MODIFICATION
input STEPS
output

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NEEDS
1. Survey the customer needs
2. Convert the qualitative needs into design specifications
(quantitative with chemical detail)

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IDEAS/ SOLUTIONS
1. Literature has widely ranging value.
2. Patents and trade information from competitors
3. Other methods for idea generation use schemes for
developing chemical synthesis.
4. pay special attention to customers who already are using
existing, similar products.

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SELECTION
1. The decision will involve making estimates based on
chemistry and engineering
2. estimate how each will perform relative to the
specifications we have set
3. Quality function deployment

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Successful product and process design are based on a
uniform set of engineering design strategies.

1. The initial design analysis of a product design problem identifies


constraints on physical and chemical properties, (e.g., the product must be
an azeotrope, or must be emulsified in water, or must retain its flexibility
even after years of UV exposure).
2. These constraints are used to generate design candidates that may have
different compositions and possibly different forms.
3. The composition, form, and physical properties of each of these product
candidates determines the required processing operations for its
production, (e.g., the product must be coated, the liquid components must
be mixed with emulsifier at high speed, or various additives must be
blended into product).
4. Economic, environmental, health, and safety analyses must be performed
on the product and process to provide metrics for evaluating between
alternatives and ultimately deciding if the design is viable.
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PROJECT
Group
1. Pilih Tema (Energi, Material, Pangan)
2. Pilih sub tema (New product or exsisting product)
3. Pilih produk yang akan digunakan dalam project
4. Analisis consumer needs
5. Konversi consumer needs spesifikasi desain produk
6. Kumpulkan ide/solusi (min. 10) untuk mencapai
spesifikasi desain produk
7. Analisis HOQ (Quality Function Deployment) untuk
seleksi ide
8. Sintetis proses, terjemahkan dalam bentuk BFD
9. BFD PFD detail dengan deskripsi proses
Individual membuat short communication mengenai bagian
yang dikerjakan dalam group project
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