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PENGANTAR ANATOMI

TUBUH MANUSIA

Program S1 Farmasi
Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan
Universitas Kadiri
2015
Sine Anatomi Nihil Medicine
Tidak Ada Ilmu Kedokteran Tanpa
Anatomi
ANATOMI
Asal Kata. Greek temnein
artinya
memotong
( dissecting )
Pengertian.
Adalah ilmu yang mempelajari struktur tubuh
melalui pemotongan ( dissecting )
--------- Ilmu Urai.
Selayang Pandang
130-201 : - Galen.Dokter Yunani melakukan dissecting pada
hewan.
- mengetahui bahwa darah mengalir dari jantung.
- Membuat hypotese bahwa susunan syaraf terdiri dari
devisi sensoris dan motoris.
1538 : - Andreas Vesalius Dokter Belgia tinggal di Italia
melakukan dissecting pada manusia
- menerbitkan buku anatomi pertama berjudul

De Fabrica Corporis Humani

1578-1657: William Harvey seorang Anatomis menerangkan


bahwa aliran darah merupakan aliran darah searah
Jantung arteri vena Jantung
Pembagian anatomi
Mikroskopik Anatomi
( Histologi = Ilmu Jaringan).
Ilmu yang mempelajari struktur tubuh dengan
menggunakan mikroskop

Makroskopik Anatomi
( Gross Anatomy = Ilmu Urai.)
Ilmu yang mempelajari struktur tubuh tanpa alat
pembesar.
Approaches to Studying Anatomy
Systemic Anatomy
Undergraduate courses
are taught systemically,
mainly because
physiology is taught
along with anatomy.

Regional Anatomy
Medical school courses
are taught regionally.
Dissection of a cadaver
is best done in this
manner.
Regional Anatomy
This course will be divided
into 4 units:

1. Back and Upper Limb


2. Thorax and Abdomen
3. Pelvis and Lower Limb
4. Head and Neck
SISTEM TUBUH MANUSIA

Atoms
Molecule
Organelle
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ System
Organism
Organ Systems

Organs work together in organ systems;


all body organ systems work together.
A single organ may be part of more than
one organ system.
The integumentary system is made up of
the skin, including an outer epidermis and
an inner dermis.
Skin covers and protects the body, houses
sensory receptors, and helps in
temperature regulation.
The integumentary system includes nails,
glands, sensory receptors, and hairs.
The digestive system consists of the mouth,
esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large
intestine along with associated organs.
The digestive system receives and breaks down
food into nutrient molecules that are distributed
to cells.
The cardiovascular system, made up of the
heart and blood vessels, distributes nutrients,
oxygen, and heat throughout the body, and
helps to remove wastes.
Organ Systems
The lymphatic system consists of lymphatic
vessels that transport lymph, lymph nodes, and
other lymphoid organs,
This system helps protect again disease by
producing and storing lymphocytes, collects
excess tissue fluid, and absorbs fats from
digestion.
The immune system consists of all body cells
that protect against disease.
The respiratory system consists of the lungs and
branched tubes that carry air to them.
The respiratory system brings in oxygen and
removes carbon dioxide from the body, and
helps regulate pH.
Organ Systems
The urinary system, made up of kidneys, urinary
bladder, and tubes that convey urine, rids the body
of nitrogenous wastes, and regulates fluid balance
and pH.
The bones skeletal system protect the
body and aid in movement; they also store
minerals and calcium and produce blood
cells in bone marrow.
The muscular system, made up of the
skeletal muscles, provides movement and
generates heat for the body.
Smooth muscle and cardiac muscle
provide movement of internal organs.
The nervous system, made up of the
brain, spinal cord, and nerves, receives
and processes information, and causes
the body to react to stimuli; the nervous
system regulates the activities of the other
organ systems of the body.
The endocrine system consists of
hormone-secreting glands, helps to
regulate the functioning of other body
systems.
The reproductive systems produce sperm
and egg cells, allowing humans to produce
more of their own kind.
Regio-regio Dalam Tubuh manusia

Nama Regio Nama Anatomi.


Cephalic Cephalon
Cervicalis Cervicis
Thoracalis Thorax
Brachialis Brachium
Abdominalis Abdomen
Gluteus Glutea
Femoralis Femur
Cruris Crural
Pedis Pes
Regional Terms
Regional Terms
Buku ajar
Martini,F.H.,et al., Human Anatomy.
Bannister. Lawrence H., Grays Anatomi.
Moore, ANATOMY HUMAN STRUCTURE
Langmans, MEDICAL Embryology
Yakochi, HUMAN ANATOMY
Spalteholz, HANDATLAS der ANATOMIE
Sobotta, ATLAS OF HUMAN ANATOMI
Internet/Belajar Mandiri
TERIMA KASIH