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Pengenalan

TEKNOLOGI
INFORMASI
Agenda

Anatomi Komputer
Jaringan Komputer
Komunikasi Data
Perangkat Lunak
Anatomi Komputer

BIOS (Basic Input Output System)


Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Memory
Storage
Input / Output Devices
Central Processing Unit
Merupakan Jantung suatu Komputer :
Proses Logika
Proses Aritmatik
Jenis CPU (X86 Family) :
1984 8086/88 10 Mhz
1986 80286 20 Mhz
1989 80386 33 Mhz
1992 80486 100 Mhz
1994 Pentium 200 Mhz
1997 Pentium II 400 Mhz
1998 Xeon 450 Mhz
2003 Pentium 4 2 Ghz
Memory

Tempat menyimpan data sementara


Jenis Memory :
ROM (Read Only Memory)

RAM (Random Access Memory)

Cache
Storages

Menyimpan data secara permanen


Jenis Storage :
Floppy Disk

Cartridge

Compact Disk

Optical Disk

Hard Disk

Internal Disk

External Disk
Storages

Secure Digital
Compact Flash
Memory Stick
Input / Output Device
Input Device :
Mouse

Keyboard

Scanner

Output Device
Monitor / Screen

Printer

Plotter

Disk
Printer
Dot Matrix
Laser Jet
Ink Jet
Terminal

Dumb Terminal (Character Mode)


X Terminal (Windows Base)
Intelligent Terminal
Network-PC
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

DC Supply & Charger


Inverter
Battery
Automatic Voltage Stabilizer
Transfer switch
JARINGAN KOMPUTER
LAN
(Local Area Network)
Jaringan lokal yang biasanya berlokasi dalam satu
gedung
Menggunakan Pengalamatan Jaringan (Network
Address) yang sama
Contoh : NNN.NNN.NNN.HHH
11.006.220.xxx
Workgroup: ketrampilan
Sub net mask: 255.255.255.0
WAN
(Wide Area Network)
Jaringan lokal yang biasanya berlokasi dalam satu
gedung (KPP)
Menggunakan Pengalamatan Jaringan (Network
Address) yang sama)
Contoh : NNN.NNN.NNN.HHH
192.006.053.220
Topologi Jarigan

Topologi Star

Topologi Ring

Topologi Bus
Jenis Jaringan

Peer to Peer
Client/ Client/ Masing-masing sebagai Server sekaligus
Server Server Client

Client Server
Salah satu bertindak sebagai Server,
Client lainnya Client
Server
Internet

The Internet is simply a global network


connecting millions of computers, that all work
together to share information. The computer you
are using to access this information, the
computer I am using to assemble this
information, and all the computers in between
are considered independent hosts of the
Internet (www.about.com)
Internet
The Web is a system of Internet servers that supports a
collection of documents that are written and formatted
using the same type of programming language, called
Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML
These documents, or Web Sites, are able to be retrieved
and viewed when you enter a Web Site address in your
browser, because you are actually sending a Hypertext
Transfer Protocol ( HTTP) command to the Web server
directing it to find and transmit the requested Web page.
INTERNET
Intranet
An Intranet is a private network belonging to an
organization, usually a corporation, accessible only
by the organization's members, employees, or others
with authorization. (www.about.com)

In essence, it's like a mini version of the Internet.


Hub (Repeater)
untuk menghubungkan LAN pada sebuah
gedung yang sama (<1500m)
dapat menhubungkan media fisik yang berbeda,
misalnya kabel coaxial dengan twisted pair
(UTP)
Terminal Server
Sebagai Server Dumb Terminal, untuk login ke
Host
Driver Emulasi :
ANSI
WYSE

VT100
Print Server
Sebagai server printer untuk menghubungkan
printer dengan jaringan
HUB PC

Print Server

Server

Printer

Dumb
Terminal
KOMUNIKASI DATA
Infrastruktur
Dial Up
Leased Line
Frame Relay
VSAT
Wireless Local Loop
Microwave
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
VSAT
VSAT = Very Small Aperture Terminal
TDMA
Antenna
TDMA (Data)
BOD (Voice)
Router (Sub LAN)

SCPC
Antenna
Modem Satellite
MUX (Voice)
Router (Data)
Konfigurasi Jaringan VSAT

Server

HUB Antena

TDMA Telepon
BOD
Dial Up Modem
Modem
Server

Telepon

Server
Modem

Jaringan Telepon

Telepon
SOFTWARE
Operating System
Database Management System
Application
Programming Language
Operating System

Single User/Single Tasking :


DOS
Multi User/Multi Tasking :
MVS (mainframe)
MS-Windows 95/98/NT/2000
UNIX (SCO, Solaris, HP-UX, dll.)
Linux (RedHat,SuSE,Debian, dll.)
DBMS
Clipper
Informix
Fox Base
Oracle
DB2
IMS
CODASYL
Application

Word Processor (MS-Word,K-Word)


Spread Sheet (Lotus 123, MS-Excel)
Web Browser (IE,Netscape Navigator)
Accounting (DEA,MYOB,Platinum)
Enterprise Resource Planning(SAP,Baan, Oracle,IFS)
Human Resources(People Soft)
Customer Relationship Management(i2)
Generalized Audit Software(IDEA, ACL)
Programming Language
Assembler
C/C++
COBOL
BASIC
Java
SQL
Oracle Developer
SyBase Power Builder
DBMS

Hierarchical (IMS)
Network (Codasyl)
Relational (Access, SQL Server)
Object-Relational (Oracle 8i)
ERP
ERP (enterprise resource planning) is an industry term for
the broad set of activities supported by multi-module
application software that helps a manufacturer or other
business manage the important parts of its business,
including product planning, parts purchasing, maintaining
inventories, interacting with suppliers, providing customer
service, and tracking orders. (www.whatis.com)
ERP can also include application modules for the finance
and human resources aspects of a business
The deployment of an ERP system can involve considerable
business process analysis, employee retraining, and new
work procedures
ERP

End-to-End vs. Modular solutions


Industry Best (Proven) Practices
Business Specific Requirement
Customization Issues
System Documentation
ASP
ASP(application service providers) is simply a company
that hosts applications for others companies over a
network or internet, charging these companies a
negotiated fee for their use (www.oracle.com/oramag)

ASP manages the applications itself, taking responsibility


for maintenance, upgrades, and even storage of client
data
ASP
Core competency issues
Total cost of ownership
Security, Availability, Performance
Service Level Agreement
Generalized Audit Software

Computer Assisted Audit Techniques


Automated Audit Program
Amount of Transaction Data
ACL (Audit Command Language)
IDEA (Interactive Data Extraction and Analysis)
Special Purpose Written Audit
Software
Package Software that customized for CAATs
MS-Excel
MS-Access
SQL (Structured Query Language)
Lotus 1-2-3
FoxPro