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Risk Factors of Overweight and

Obese in Indonesian Adults


(Analysis Data of Basic Health
Research 2013)
ABSTRACT
The problem of overweight and obese in Indonesia had a trend of rising along with the
increasing age of the population. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated
with overweight and obese adults aged 25-65 years in Indonesia using Riskesdas 2013
data. The study design was cross-sectional. Samples were adults aged 25-65 years in
Indonesia with the total of 458.591 people. Results showed that the prevalence of
overweight and obese at the age of 25-65 years were found to be 26.1 percent and
7.20 per cent, respectively. The mean of Body Mass Index (BMI) was 24.02 3.70
kg/m2. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors
associated with overweight and obese were age, sex, region, marital status,
employment, economic status, and smoking habits. The result also showed that the
habits of eating bread and biscuit were also associated with the incidence of obese.
Hence, prevention efforts such as sufficient regular physical activities are needed. In
addition, it is also necessary to promote food substitute for carbohydrates source to
meet balanced nutrition both in number and type, as well as the quality.

Keywords: risk factors, overweight, obese, Indonesian adults


BACKGROUND
The problem of overweight and obese in Indonesia had a trend of
rising along with the increasing age of the population.
OBJECTIVE
This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with overweight and
obese adults aged 25-65 years in Indonesia using Riskesdas 2013 data
STUDY DESIGN
The study design was cross-sectional. Samples were adults aged 25-
65 years in Indonesia with the total of 458.591 people
RESULT
Results showed that the prevalence of overweight and obese at the
age of 25-65 years were found to be 26.1 percent and 7.20 per cent,
respectively. The mean of Body Mass Index (BMI) was 24.02 3.70
kg/m2. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the risk
factors associated with overweight and obese were age, sex, region,
marital status, employment, economic status, and smoking habits.
The result also showed that the habits of eating bread and biscuit
were also associated with the incidence of obese
CONCLUSION
Hence, prevention efforts such as sufficient regular physical activities
are needed. In addition, it is also necessary to promote food substitute
for carbohydrates source to meet balanced nutrition both in number
and type, as well as the quality.