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# REL ATED RATES

PROBLEM
A P P L I C AT I O N P R O B L E M S
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
problem 9:

## A child is flying a kite at a height of 40ft that is

moving horizontally at a rate of 3ft/sec. If the
string is taut at what rate is the string being paid
out when the length of the string released is 50ft?
STEP 1:

t: the number of seconds in the time elapsed when the kite started
to move horizontally
x: the number of feet in the distance from the ground where the
kite is located to the kite in t seconds.
y: the number of feet in the distance from the ground where the
kite is located to the child in t seconds.
STEP 2:
GIVEN

## The rate of the kite moving horizontally

= ft/sec
The height of the kite = 40ft
The length of the string released = 50ft
STEP 3:

We wish to find when z = 50.

STEP 4:
SOLVE FOR .

## Using the Pythagorean Theorem we have:

+ =
=
=
=
= =
STEP 5:

To relate z and x:
= + (Eq. 1)
STEP 6:

## Differentiate both sides of (Eq. 1) with

respect to t:

=

= ( . )

STEP 7:
Substitute the known values of x and z and

in the equation of Step 6 ( = ( . ) and

solve for :

= . = =

STEP 8:
CONCLUSION

## If the string is taut at a length of 50ft

therefore the rate of the string being paid

out is /.

RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
problem 25: Ripples in a pond
A stone is dropped into a still pond. Concentric
disturbed region increases at the rate of 16cm/sec.
At what rate does the area of the disturbed
region increase when its radius is 4cm?
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
Ripples in a pond
Important terms to consider
concentric circular ripples

having a To form
common small
center waves
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
Ripples in a pond
A stone is dropped into a still pond. Concentric
disturbed region increases at the rate of 16cm/sec.
At what rate does the area of the disturbed
region increase when its radius is 4cm?
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
Ripples in a pond
STEP 1 Lets begin defining the variables starting with t:
t: the number of seconds in the time elapsed
when the stone is dropped
r: the number of centimeters in the radius of the
ripples as it increases
A: the number of centimeters in the area of the
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
Ripples in a pond
STEP 2 Given:
rate of the increasing
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
Ripples in a pond
at what rate does the
area of the disturbed
region increases when
RELATED RATE PROBLEMS
Ripples in a pond
STEP 4:
= 4
16
=

what we need to find is .

RIPPLES IN A
STEP
POND5: = 2 AREA OF THE CIRCLE

= . 2 BY APPLYING THE CHAIN RULE

16
= . 2 4

642
= 2

642
= 2

1282
=

= 402.12385972 /
. /
ripples in a pond
at what rate does the area of the disturbed region
increases when its radius is 4cm

## Therefore, the rate that the area of the

disturbed region increases when its
. /.
PROBLEM 41
An airplane is flying at a constant speed at an altitude of
10, 000 ft. on a line that will take it directly over an
observer on the ground. At given instant the observer
notes that the angle of elevation of the airplane is
1
and is increasing at the rate of
3
1
. Find the speed of the airplane.
60
Given:
altitude 10000 ft.
1
angle of elevation = 3
1
rate of the airplane = 60 airplane

We need to find:

Solution:
= 60

10000
= 180 /; x = 3 10000 ft.

10000
tan =

tan = 10000 1 1

3
2 = 1000 2

10000 2 Angle of elevation
2 60( ) = 1000( )
180 3
3
(2)2 60( ) = 1000( )
180 100002

4 (10000)
= = 232.71/
(180)(3)