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Submitted by: 13622 13627

Submitted by:

13622

13627

 A.P. Kanvinde was born in the small village of Achara, Konkan region in 1916. 
  • A.P. Kanvinde was born in the small village of Achara, Konkan region in
    1916.

  • Influenced by his father, who was a portrait and landscape painter.

  • Known as the FOREFATHER OF MODERN INDIAN ARCHITECTURE.

  • Entered J.J. School of Art in 1935.

 A.P. Kanvinde was born in the small village of Achara, Konkan region in 1916. 
  • Received his Master of Architecture degree at Harvard School of Design, USA, headed by Walter Gropius,
    1947.

in

 He plays with space and forms.  The building is important but most important is
  • He plays with space and forms.

  • The building is important but most important is the gate for the user.

Example:

ISKCON TEMPLE

 He plays with space and forms.  The building is important but most important is
  • He gave much more importance to natural light .

 He gave much more importance to natural light .  He gave such a form
  • He gave such a form to the building that it solves most of the problem of excessive heat

and ventilation.

All his creations were in strict conformity with these three principles:-  Functionalism  Modern Architecture

All his creations were in strict conformity with

these three principles:-

  • Functionalism

  • Modern Architecture and Brutalism

  • Regionalism

 There buildings were always conceived with first priority given to its functions, and the social
  • There buildings were always conceived with first priority given to its functions, and the social values when designing spaces.

  • He rejected symmetry.

 There buildings were always conceived with first priority given to its functions, and the social
 There buildings were always conceived with first priority given to its functions, and the social

REGIONALISM

Inevitably based on the exigencies of local climate building materials social conditions sound climatological principles

 Simplification of form and creation of ornament from the structure.  Elimination of unnecessary detail.
 Simplification of form and creation of ornament from the structure.  Elimination of unnecessary detail.
  • Simplification of form and creation of ornament from the structure.

  • Elimination of unnecessary detail.

  • Visual expression of structure, as opposed to the hiding of structural elements.

  • Brutalism is a child of modern architecture.

  • Typically very linear, fortress like and blockish, often with a predominance of concrete construction.

  • Developed to create functional structures at a low cost, but eventually designers adopted the look for other uses such as college buildings.

 His buildings were simple and he used to tell the students ” ARCHITECTURE IS NOT
  • His buildings were simple and he used to tell the students ”ARCHITECTURE IS NOT A MUSEUM OF MATERIAL”.

  • The various principles reflected in most of Kanvinde’s work would be:

    • Asymmetry

    • Blocky Cubic shapes

    • Smooth , flat plain, undecorated surfaces

    • ‘ Flat’ roofs

    • Adoption of steel-framed or reinforced-concrete post- and-slab.

 Recipient of Padmashri- National Honour from Govt. of India, 1975  Recipient of Gold Medal
  • Recipient of Padmashri- National Honour

from Govt. of India, 1975

  • Recipient of Gold Medal of the Indian Institute of Architects, 1985

  • National Award of Institution of Engineers for Architectural Engineering, 1990

  • Great Master National Award by J.K. Industries Ltd., 1993

  • Outstanding Konkan Award, 2003 .

 Ahmadabad Textile Industry's Research Association 1953  Darpana Dance Academy, Ahmedabad1963  House of Harivallabhdas,
  • Ahmadabad Textile Industry's Research Association 1953

  • Darpana Dance Academy, Ahmedabad1963

  • House of Harivallabhdas, Ahmadabad 1964

  • IIT Kanpur, 1960-65

  • Residence of A.P. Kanvinde 1967

  • Campus Building for National Dairy Development Board, Anand,
    1970

  • Doodhsagar Dairy, Mehsana, India, 1970-73

  • Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri, 1978

  • Nehru Science Centre, Mumbai, 1980

  • Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, 1987

  • Legislative Assembly and High Court, Srinagar 1989

  • National Science Centre, New Delhi, 1991

  • Metro Dairy, Kolkata, 1996

  • Temple and Vedic Institute for ISKCON, Delhi, 1998

  • Banas II Dairy, Palanpur, 2000

 This complex houses a variety of activities and exhibits intended by the CSIR (Council of
  • This complex houses a variety of activities and exhibits intended by the CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) to popularize science and technology.

  • Chiefly, a Children's Museum with demonstration hall and facilities for education.

  • Extension activities, a Museum of the history of science, a Hall of Industry, and an outdoor science park .

  • This complex has Discovery of India expositions, Art Gallery, Auditorium and Exhibition Halls.

 Need artificial lighting for effective presentation of exhibits, the idea of forced ventilation emerged. 
  • Need artificial lighting for effective presentation of exhibits, the idea of forced ventilation emerged.

  • At the same time the idea of creating spaces of a certain quality which helps receptivity of mind.

  • Apart from spatial organization, the main design problem was to establish circulation of movement.

  • The topography of the decisively sloping site.

  • A series of multidirectional units was created with large column for free spaces.

 It is in the cylindrical form.  The service zone is located at the lowest
  • It is in the cylindrical form.

  • The service zone is located at the lowest level, accessible to vehicles.

  • The main entry is 18-20m wide & like a tunnel shaped.

  • The dome is provided for showing the entry.

 It is in the cylindrical form.  The service zone is located at the lowest

Circulation has been defined so that visitors return to the entry level and can proceed to the cafeteria and other social facilities at ground level.

 Circulation has been defined so that visitors return to the entry level and can proceed
 Circulation has been defined so that visitors return to the entry level and can proceed

Ventilation to all areas is ensured by a blower system. The structural system is in

waffle slab and the structural

columns at 12m centers house the ventilation shafts.

SITE PLAN

 Core Pedestrian island which consist of lecture halls is surrounded by landscaping and water body

Core Pedestrian island which consist of lecture halls is surrounded by landscaping and water body forming the main focus of the campus.

The academic area is well connected by a long corridor which links all the major buildings.

The residential campus is planned and landscaped with a hope for environmental freedom.

Student hostels, faculty and staff houses and community buildings surround the central academic area to provide flexibility in movement and communication.

Concrete frame structure with infill bricks Space and light used as the two tools. Reducing maintenance

Concrete frame structure with infill bricks

Concrete frame structure with infill bricks Space and light used as the two tools. Reducing maintenance

Quiet and private hostels.

Concrete frame structure with infill bricks Space and light used as the two tools. Reducing maintenance

Space and light used as the two tools.

Concrete frame structure with infill bricks Space and light used as the two tools. Reducing maintenance

Reducing maintenance costs and

enhancing aesthetic appeal.

 Monstrous and raw  The form is very rough and blocky  Cold character 
  • Monstrous and raw

  • The form is very rough and blocky

  • Cold character

  • Fortress like structure

  • One of the first outburst of Kanvinde’s brutalism

  • The natural slope of the site utilized to advantage of a multi level processing system

  • Milk receiving is done at the roof

  • Processing is done at the second level

  • The third and the lower most level accommodate the worker’s amenities

1) Milk receiving 6) Goods lift 2) Truck deck 7) Vent shaft 3) Elevated deck 8)
1) Milk receiving 6) Goods lift 2) Truck deck 7) Vent shaft 3) Elevated deck 8)

1)

Milk receiving

6)

Goods lift

2)

Truck deck

7)

Vent shaft

3)

Elevated deck

8)

Canopy

4)

Tanks

9)

Spray dryer

5)

Powder filling packing

10)

Shaft

A canopy is provided where the trucks carrying the milk are parked.

  • This canopy is at the highest level

of the site. Next to this canopy at the lower

level is the processing unit.

Ventilation points are expressed as large shafts that rise above the roof level They evacuate the hot air by natural convection eliminating the need for mechanical exhaust system

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