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MEP201

Mechanical Engineering Drawing


1st semester 2005-2006

S R Kale
Lecture

Piping Drawings
Piping drawings
Pre-requisites
• Schematic, P&I drawings
• Equipment G.A. drawings
• Layout drawings

Restrictions
• Space (X, Y, Z), movement

Piping outputs
• B.O.M. for piping fabricator
• Hangers, anchors/foundations, trenches
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Francis Turbine – Lube Oil Piping (1)

L.O. BEARING
TANK

SCHEMATIC
BRG
Z
Y

L.O.
TANK

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Information Requirements
• Position of each equipment
(L.O. tank, Bearing block, pump : floor plans, elevations)
• G.A. drawing of each equipment
(type, size & position of piping connections)
• Civil requirements
(beams & columns, walkway, maintenance)
• Electrical requirements
(panels, cable trenches)
• Other pipes in the area

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Piping Joints
 Threaded
Accuracy (?), Metal/plastic. Plumbing

 Flanged
Industrial pipes, low/medium pressure and
temperature. Metal/Plastic. Steam, oil, water,

 Welded
Permanent; High pressure and temperature.
Industrial, Water, steam, oil, chemicals,

Water supply, sewage, large hydro - Concrete


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Piping Joints
Threaded / Flanged / Welded

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Piping Joints

Threaded / Flanged / Welded

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Pipe - Flanged connection
GASKET

FLANGE 1 FLANGE 2
BOLT-NUT

PIPE 1
PIPE 2

PIPE-FLANGE
WELDED or
SCREWED
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Pipe - Flanged connection

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Piping Joints
Threaded / Flanged / Welded

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Piping Joints

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Piping Bends

Tee (T) Short Radius (SR) Long Radius (SR)


Elbow Elbow

Hydrodynamics. Radius/Pipe dia. ratio


Space.

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Piping : Vents, Drains & Supports
Vents : Location, accessibility, outlet
Drains : Location, accessibility, collection,
funnel,
Supports : Anchor/foundation, hanger
• Thermal expansion
• Pipe weight
• Surges, water hammer
• Equipment vibrations
• Seismic

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Francis Turbine – Lube Oil Piping (2)
L.O. BEARING
TANK

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Piping – Plan & Elevation (1)

ISOMETRIC

PLAN

ELEVATION
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Piping – Plan & Elevation (2)

ISOMETRIC

PLAN

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Piping – Plan & Elevation (3)

PLAN

ISOMETRIC

ELEVATION
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Pipe supports
 Foundation
 Hanger
 Rack
 Clamp
 Underground – foundation
 “Rigid” - anchor vs. “flexible” allows pipe to move
 All along pipe length (at regular intervals?)

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Pipe support - Hanger

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Piping Examples

Oil pumping station, Central A.C. system,

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Piping – How things go wrong
 Power plant steam turbine – steam pipe under
lube oil pipe.
 Hostel – drinking water pipe and sewage pipe too
close.
 Automobile – brake oil leak on alternator.
 Pipes running into beams, columns, walls, …
 Pipe centerline O.K. (?) but insulation fouls with
walls/ceiling.

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Lecture summary

Using schematics/P&I diagrams make piping


drawings (routing), to scale, with material
and other specifications (e.g. standards)

NEXT STEP : Piece-wise design and


manufacture of pipes, joining details, and
their supports,

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