Anda di halaman 1dari 26

CHAPTER 1

1
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

• It could start with a general statement of the study.


• Historical citations if there are any. Remember, they must be historical
developments that led to the proposal and not a comprehensive history
of the project location. In cases where redevelopment is permitted,
focus on activities which does not have facilities provided yet.
• How the problem came into being, its source or origin, and
circumstantial account depicting the reasons that prompted to pursue
research. Include only historical developments that led to the proposal
of the project. Do not provide a comprehensive history of the project
location.

• Why and how the study was chosen (initial, general justification)

2
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

• Situation of current state of knowledge in the field of your topic. To


support your story, (1) visuals, including charts, graphs, maps
photographs, and (1) citation of news articles, experts accounts, etc.
should be provided where appropriate.
• Situational analysis that should lead to the importance of conducting
your research study.

• Significance of your study, or contribution to the advancement of


knowledge.
• Brief statement of the work to be undertaken.

3
CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

• On the context of what you have written in the background, this


subsection should provide a clear statement of the research problem
your study will try to answer.

• Must show the basic importance of the study that promotes research.

• The problem must indicate its timeless according to its physical; socio-
economic; and environmental relevance.

• The research problem and the need/s it will try to address must be
directly and accurately stated in a clear, concise and recognizable
manner..

• Also, provide sub-problems that shall focus on the development


approach/s to be applied. 4
• Based on the situated in background of the study formulate your
architectural problems.

• What are your architectural concerns regarding the macro-


environmental situation? The client’s Project Objectives?

• A MAJOR PROBLEM can be formulated, the broken down into several


MINOR PROBLEMS.

• ARCHITECTURAL GOAL & OBJECTIVES/STRATEGIES: always


remember that your statements here are ARCHITECTURAL in content.
Your are to prove your hypothesis correct and to prove it by means of
Objectives, guide on what you seek to accomplish to meet your goal.
Do not state objectives that are not the architect’s concern like
increasing harvest, making income of Filipinos higher.

5
• Goal is an overarching principle or aim that guides your research while
objectives are specific, measurable steps that can be taken to meet the
goal.

• Goal • Objectives
• Goal are broad • Objectives are narrow
• Goals are general intentions • Objectives are precise
• Goals are intangible • Objectives are tangible
• Goals are abstract • Objectives are concrete
• Goals are generally difficult • Objectives are measurable
to measure

• One way of making your goals and objectives more convincing is by, as
much as possible, making use of the SMART which stands for: Specific,
Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-bound.

6
EXAMPLE

Goal: Clark International Airport, as a major gateway to the Philippines,


will seek to serve the needs of traveling passengers through provisions of
complete and efficient facilities housed under one structure that will be the
symbol of modernism of the country as it gears towards globalization.

One Objectives is:


1. Modern facilities are needed in order to respond to the needs of the
increasing number of international travelers in order to make the airport at
par , or even surpass the international airports in other countries.

Objective stated above can be achieved by:


• Studying the current volume of international passengers at the NAIA
and the share of Clark 1 in the volume of these passengers.
• Look into development imperatives of the country and the role of Clark
in the development process.
• Project the volume of international passengers basing on the studies
7
conducted by CDA and the development thrust in the area.
• Conduct case studies on major international airports that will look into
the following:
o Facilities being offered
o Spaces and their interrelationship vis-à-vis volume of passengers
o Program spaces based on the volume of passengers and the standards
of international airports.

8
Major Problem Architectural Goals
a. How to design a better structure and a desirable a. To provide new desirable standard of offices,
planning concept that will be necessary for the proper environment and supporting facilities for
establishment of a new city hall of Dasmariñas? the convenience of the users and government
employee.

a. To design a sufficient and creative form of


structure that can relate to the different
movement and activities of man.

Minor Problem Architectural Objectives


a. What concept to apply that will fit to the proposal? a. To be able to construct a new city hall with
sufficient space that will serve the needs of the
populace of the town.

a. What are the criteria in selecting site as well as site a. Find a better place or location of the proposed
analysis and evaluation? project that offer visibility, accessibility, security
and relation to its location.

a. What are the environmental conditions concerning a. Promote healthy surrounding and to create a
the site? balance harmony for the people and the
environment.
a. How can the building be accessible to PWD’s? a. To promote an efficient circulation system in
terms of accessibility for the handicapped.
Prioritize man’s ease in movement according to
the pedestrians rather than vehicles.
9
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

• Must show the reader the outstanding aspects of the proposal in terms
of impact it could create categorically addressing the items found in the
problem statement. Avoid statement like, introducing a new approach”
instead, explain whatever new approach is to be applied that makes it
significant. Provide significance to society, target users and to
architecture showing benefits that maybe derived from the proposed
project.
• It must further emphatically elucidate that the research proposal is
justified.
• It must give credence to the main contribution of the proposal to the
body of knowledge that is Architecture.
• It must magnify the picture of its importance in solving a particular
issue or problem and the need for it.

10
Significance to the study

Direct Users:

Public Users-
If conducted; this research will upholds and neutralize the
welfare of the public that is to serve effectively, legally, and
functionally. Comfort ability of doing transaction and to uplift
the physical image of the structures.

Government employee-I
If conducted; thus both private and public sector, which
included city government and departments, will experience this
benefit through a long term of settlement in order to satisfy the
people and their Working Condition.
11
Reader/ Researcher

Student –
This study will help the student as a source of
information regarding of planning and designing a City Hall.
This will also give basic information on city hall.

Professionals-
The book will provide additional information about any
related topics and will serve as reference for researches and
readers on architectural solutions in planning a city hall like
this.

12
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

• This is a list of previous studies and researches made which have some
relationship with the present problem. Included may be some
professional literature or monographs written about the subject area
under investigation. A brief annotation under each of these related
literature explaining the relevance of the said materials to the present
study is in order.
• The writer should also establish the fact that the present problem under
study is not an exact duplicate of other studies previously conducted.
• It provide you with the information about past researches related to the
intended study. This process prevents unintentional duplication of
these past researches ands leads you into what needs to be
investigated.
• It gives you a feeling of confidence since by means of the review of
related literature you will have on hand all constructs related to your
study.
• It provides findings and conclusions of past investigations which you13
may relate to your own findings and conclusions.
CONCEPTUAL/THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

• Theoretical Framework – it is a foundation that provides base and


support. It is a frame upon which something is based.
• Set of interrelated constructs (concepts), definitions, and propositions
that presents a systematic view of phenomena by specifying realtions
among variables.

14
15
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
SCOPE – where and when the study was conducted and who the subjects
were. The scope sets the delimitations and establishes the boundaries of
the study.

LIMITATION – is a phase or aspect of the investigation which may affect


the result adversely but over which the researcher has no control. Very
honestly you should state this limitation.

DELIMITATION – are those characteristics that limit the scope and define
the boundaries of your study. The delimitations are in your control.

16
SCOPE & LIMITATION –
SCOPE – defines where and when the study was conducted and who the
subjects were.

The act of research that will make you gather less than what is expected to
rationalized the project that may affect its output can be any of the
following: weather conditions, uncooperative respondents, budget etc.
may be reasons that can be stated. The architectural project is
summarized description of the coverage of your thesis work which will
also help you in the amount of data you are supposed to gather.

• Are you simply applying a theory or concept?


• Will you look for possible solution?
• What are the spaces you will look into?
• Will the architectural design be guided by your research focus?

17
EXAMPLE

Scope of Work:
The scope of the study is to propose a site for a New City Hall of
Dasmariñas reducing congestion. The study deals and gives
emphasis to the construction of a New City Hall. Additional
structures will also be proposed on the new site which includes:
Public Parks and recreational facilities with adequate parking’s.
Outdoor stage and center plaza

18
Delimitation:
It’s limited only to the presentation of the proposed plans, design
specifications, site analysis, theories and application of building
technology necessary to the project. Police station will be place at
the site development plan but not included at drawing
presentations.
Not much will be discussed about structural systems, mechanical,
electrical, and plumbing only conceptualizations and basic
structural applications.

19
DEFINITION OF TERMS LIST OF REFERENCES & BIBLIOGRAPHY
List of references is books or other materials you will often use for your
work while the bibliography list are references which are related to your
project that helped you strengthen your hypothesis.

20
END OF PRESENTATION
THANK YOU . . .
22
23
24
25
26