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A developed urban area that create sustainable economic
development & high quality of life by excelling in multiple
key areas ; Economic , Mobility ,environment , people ,
living & Govt. excelling in these key areas can be done so
through strong human capital ,social capital and/or ICT
infrastructure . Information and communication
Technology (ICT) is used to enhance quality, performance
and interactivity of urban services, to reduce
costs and resource consumption and to improve contact
between citizens and government. Smart city applications
are developed with the goal of improving the
management of urban flows and allowing for real time
responses to challenges.A smart city may therefore be
more prepared to respond to challenges than one with a
simple 'transactional' relationship with its citizens.Yet, the
term itself remains unclear to its specifics and therefore,
open to many interpretations and subject.
the city’s assets include, but are not limited to, local
departments' information
systems, schools, libraries, transportation
systems, hospitals, power plants, water supply
networks, waste management, law enforcement, and
other community services. The goal of building a smart
city is to improve quality of life by using urban
informatics and technology to improve the efficiency of
services and meet residents’ needs.
Other terms that have been used for similar concepts
include cyberville, digital city, electronic communities, flexi
city, information city, intelligent city, knowledge-based
city, MESH city, telecity, teletopia, Ubiquitous city, wired city.
The concept of smart cities originated at the time when
the entire world was facing one of the worst economic
crises. In 2008, IBM began work on a 'smarter cities'
concept as part of its Smarter Planet initiative. By the
beginning of 2009, the concept had captivated the
imagination of various nations across the globe.


European cities tend to be denser and have better public transit.
Larger commitment to cycling and walking.
A stronger focus on sustainability and low-carbon solutions.
>The Need To Handle Global Environment And
Urbanization Problems
--Global Warming And Climate Change
--Population Increase And Resource Depletion
--Adverse Effects Of Increasing Urbanization
>The Need To Accommodate Changing Lifestyles
--Valuing Usage Above Ownership E.G., Increase In
The Sharing Or Renting Of Motor Vehicles.
--Focusing On Non-monetary Values E.G., The Givers
Do Not Exchange Their Expertise Or Other Skill For
Money, But Rather To Satisfy Personal Values Such As
Their Wish To Help People: E.G., In India Teach India -
Times Group Initiative.
--Having Wider Opportunities For Work And Study E.G., The
Internet Is Making It Possible For Everyone, From Children To
The Elderly,To Study When And Where They Want.
--Overcoming Restrictions Of Time And Place E.G., Video
Streaming Services And Advances In Recording Functions Allow
Viewers To Watch Video Or TV Content Whenever They Want,And
Do Not Require Viewers To Be Present At Specific Times.
--Being Both A Consumer And A Producer E.G., In The Energy
Field, People Who Install Their Own Solar Power Generator Can
Act As Both A User And A Supplier.
The Need For A Long-term Approach To Developing
Sustainable Cities
--Managing The Lifecycles Of Cities
--Improving Economic Performance Over The Entire
Lifecycle E.G., Pollution, That Are Very Expensive To Clean Up
--Enhancing City Competitiveness
There is a worldwide trend toward Smart Cities as shown by the
•Half of the world population is living in cities in 2013
•Half of the population of Asia will be living in cities by 2020
•Half of the population of Africa will be living in cities by 2035
•Population in cities is expected to grow from 3.6 Billion to 6.3
Billion by 2050.
•Over 50% of urbanization involves cities of less that 500K
•India's Population in 2011 was 1.21 billion
•Current Population of India in 2014 is 1.27 billion
•Nine satellite cities could be covered under this scheme.
•About 44 cities with 10 lakh to 40 lakh population, 17 state
capitals, 10 tourist and religious cities and another 20 with 5 lakh
to 10 lakh population could also make it to the list.
"Smart Cities" includes
•Smart Living
•Smart Building & Home
•Smart Transportation
•Smart Energy (Renewable generation & storage,
•Smart Water Management
•Smart Waste Management(Recycling of waste, residual
management, Recovery of waste organics & Energy)
•Smart Education(e-Education)
•Smart Governance(e-governance)
•Smart Medical Facility(e-Medical)
•Smart Communications
•Smart Networks
•Environmental Awareness (i.e. changing weather conditions;
human defined changes)
Smart Cities Mission of the Government is a bold,
new initiative. It is meant to set examples that can be
replicated both within and outside the Smart City,
catalysing the creation of similar Smart Cities in
various regions and parts of the country.
The core infrastructure elements in a smart city
would include:
i. adequate water supply,
ii. assured electricity supply,
iii. sanitation, including solid waste management, iv.
efficient urban mobility and public transport,
v. affordable housing, especially for the poor, vi. robust
IT connectivity and digitalization,
vii. good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen
participation, viii. sustainable environment,
ix. safety and security of citizens, particularly women,
children and the elderly, and
x. health and education.
As far as Smart Solutions are concerned, an illustrative list
is given below. This is not, however, an exhaustive list, and
cities are free to add more applications.
City wide Smart Solutions

Cities may add any number of smart solutions to the area based
developments to make government funds cost effective.
What are smart solutions
Smart solutions are application of IT&C to municipal
services and infrastructure to make them better.
Examples –
.Smart water meters and billing systems,
.Remotely controlled automatic distribution valves,
.Real time, online systems of monitoring water quality,
.City-wide intelligent video surveillance network,
.Using mobile phones for cyber tour of worksites.