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THE LOD

PROBLEM
-FINAL TEST OF SYSTEM ANALYSIST-
Hello!
GROUP 3 :
Farah Devira 4415100004
Moch Kresna AP 4415100012
Joevanie Michel F 4415100034
Helga W Permana 4415100040
Alvarez Fero 4415100047
Fikri Fadhilah 4415100056
1.
THE SITUATION
PROBLEM
THE FIRST SITUATION
CONTOH KASUS (6-6, BOOK : MANAGEMENT
SCIENCE)

◆Salah satu produk di LOD hanya dijual dengan kelipatan


4 drum. Sebanyak 120 pesanan diterima tahun lalu sebagai
berikut.

Order Size 4 8 12 16 20
Number of
70 32 11 5 2
Order
CONTOH KASUS (6-6, BOOK : MANAGEMENT
SCIENCE)

◆Produk tersebut tersebar merata sepanjang tahun,


dengan beberapa hari saja yang memiliki pesanan
lebih dari satu. Pola penjualan untuk tahun depan
diperkirakan akan cukup serupa. Biaya setup mixing
dan filling yang digabung adalah $ 15. Biaya
penanganan produk adalah $ 1 / drum untuk pesanan
yang dipasok dari stok, dan $ 0,40/drum untuk
pesanan yang ditangani oleh produksi khusus. Harga
setiap drum adalah $400. Biaya Penanganan Gudang
adalah $0,18/$1/tahun.
PERTANYAAN

◆Asumsikan bahwa semua pesanan yang lebih dari 8


drum ditangani oleh operasi produksi khusus. Berapa
ukuran optimal penambahan inventori, total biaya
tahunan, dan biaya total tahunan keseluruhan agar
permintaan terpenuhi.
◆Tentukan Kombinasi dari optimal policy agar
permintaan terpenuhi, contohnya titik optimal cutoff,
untuk operasi produksi khusus, dan optimal stock
replenishment policy. Berapa biaya minimum yang
berkaitan dengan optimal policy
1.
THE SITUATION
PROBLEM
THE SECOND SITUATION
CONTOH KASUS (6-7, BOOK : MANAGEMENT
SCIENCE)
◆Perhitungkan data untuk produk LOD lainnya: harga
produk $180 / drum, biaya penyetelan produksi $12/ setup,
Biaya penanganan produk $1,5 / drum via storage, $0,30/
drum via operasi produksi khusus, investasi biaya penangasi
25% dari investasi harga pertahun, dan distribusi
permintaan dalam waktu 1 tahun selama 250 hari kerja.

Demand 0 2 4 6 8 12 16 20 24 32

Days 82 65 32 23 17 10 8 5 4 4
PERTANYAAN

◆Gunakan model EOQ, untuk menemukan ukuran oprimal


penambahan stock jika titik cutoff point dari penambahan
langsung adalah 12 drum. Perlu diingat bahwa permintaan tidak
diberikan sebagai frekuensi distribusi bersdasarkan ukuran
pemesanan, tetapi berdasarkan total permintaan setiap harinya.
Maksud dari adanya operasi produksi khusus adalah untuk
melayani semua permintaan customer di hari terntentu, bukan
permintaan perorangan
◆Kembangkan dengan spreadsheet yang sama, untuk mencari
gabungan nilai optimal dari ukuran penambahan stock dan titik
cutoff operasi produksi khusus
STAKEHOLDERS
Any human activity, particularly problem solving within a systems context, involves people.
We mentioned the problem owner, the decision maker, other parties affected but without
any control over the situation, and the analyst.
STAKEHOLDERS

◆Problem Owner = LOD Division


◆Problem User = Manajer and every staff at
company
◆Problem Customer = Customer of Lubrication Oil
◆Problem Solvers = Our Self (Students)
6 ELEMENTS OF PROBLEM
what is a ‘problem’? How do problems manifest themselves? For a problem to
exist there must be an individual (or a group of individuals), referred to as the
problem owner — usually its decision maker — who
6 ELEMENTS OF PROBLEM

◆Decision Maker : LOD Manager


◆Objective: achieving low operating cost for the LOD’s
operation, subject to maintaining the same level of customer
service.
◆Performance measure: the total operating costs of the LOD.
◆Decision criterion: minimizing total costs.
◆Alternative courses of action: the size of stock
replenishment batches and the cutoff point for classifying
customer orders as big or small.
◆Wider system of interest: the LOD operation (Inventory &
Marketing)
2.
RICH PICTURE
HOW WE DEFINE THE SITUATION BY MAKING A
RICH PICTURE DIAGRAM
That’s a lot of money RICH
PICTURE
And a lot of users

100%
Total success!
3.
INFLUENCE DIAGRAM
WE ANALYSE HOW ONE VARIABLE INFLUENCE
OTHER VARIABLES
Cutoff for Production
Customer Stock
INFLUENCE
Large Setup cost
Order Replenishment
Orders per batch
Pattern SIze

Large
Order
Small
Order
Pattern
DIAGRAM
Pattern met from
Stock
Annual
Annual Average
Number Annual
Volume by Stock
by Special Number
Special Level
Prod. runs Annual Stock
Prod. runs
Volume Replenish
met from ment
Stock
Average
Product Stock
HC / unit Investment

Annual Annual Annual Setup Invesment


Annual Setup Cost HC Cost Cost for Stock HC/$
HC Cost for Special for Small Replacements
for Big Annual
Prod. runs Cust.
Cust. Stock
HC Value of
Annual
Demand
Total Annual
Cost
MATHEMATICAL MODELS

◆Annual number of stock replenishments = D1/Q.


◆Annual setup cost for stock replenishments = [D1/Q]s.
◆Average stock level = 0.5Q
◆Average stock investment = 0.5Qv.
◆Average stock holding cost = 0.5Qvr.
◆Value of annual demand = vD1
◆Annual handling cost for small customers = h1D1.
◆T(Q) = 0.5Qvr + (sD1/Q) + h1D1 + vD1
MATHEMATICAL MODELS

◆T(Q) = 0.5Qvr + (sD1/Q)


◆Annual handling cost for big customers = h2D2,
◆Annual setup cost for special production runs =
sN,
◆T(L,Q) = [sN] + [h2D2] + [0.5Qvr + sD1/Q] + [h1D1]
SOLUTION FOR EXERCISE 6-6
GRAPHIC OF COST 6-6

GRAPH
setup cost handling cost EOQ Cost Total Cost

$8,000.00

$7,000.00
20, $6,770.00

$6,000.00 20, $5,982.00

$5,000.00
4, $4,833.20
16, $4,238.00
$4,000.00
8, $3,735.05
12, $3,552.91
$3,000.00
4, $2,580.00 16, $2,424.00
$2,000.00 0, $2,115.20
0, $1,800.00 4, $1,770.00 8, $1,695.00
8, $1,403.25 12, $1,530.00
12, $1,306.91
$1,000.00 16, $1,050.00
8, $636.80 12, $716.00 16, $764.00 20, $788.00
4, $483.20
0, $315.20
$- 0, $- 20, $-
0 5 10 15 20 25
SOLUTION FOR EXERCISE 6-7

Quotations are commonly printed as a
means of inspiration and to invoke
philosophical thoughts from the reader.
😉
Thank You