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Instructor: Engr. Alain Allitz A.

I. Preliminary Period
A. Introduction of Microprocessor
i. History of Microprocessor
ii. 3 Basic Blocks
iii. Level of Integration
iv. Microcomputer, Microprocessor
and Microcontroler
CoE 421:
Microprocessor System B. Logic in CPU
i. Register Section
ii. Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)
iii. Control Unit
II. Midterm Period
A. Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)
i. Arithmetic Operation
ii. Logical Operation
iii. Binary Adder
iv. Full Adder
CoE 421: v. Multiplication
Microprocessor System
B. Memory Unit & I/O Unit
i. Category
ii. Memory Hierarchy
iii. Volatile and Nonvolatile Memory
iv. Data Transfer
III. Semi-Final Period
A. Microcomputer Programming
i. Machine Language
ii. Assembly Language
iii. Hi-level Language
iv. Instructions for Controlling
Microprocessor Operations
CoE 421:
Microprocessor System v. Addressing Modes
IV. Final Period
A. Designs of Computer Instruction
sets and the CPU
i. Instruction Set Design
ii. Reduced Instruction Set Computer
iii. Complex Instruction Set Computer
CoE 421:
Microprocessor System (CISC)
B. Storing Instruction and Data in
i. Big Endian
ii. Small Endian
• Know the architectural
differences of microprocessor
• Apply the concepts of
integrated circuits in
understanding the design of
• Understand how instructions
are process by the machine
• Appreciate the significance of
microprocessor in interfacing
I/O devices
CoE 421: Microprocessor System
In 1947, Transistor was
invented by John Bardeen,
Walter Brattain and
William Shockley
In 1959, Integrated Circuit
(IC) was invented. It was
Jack Kilby, who is working
at Texas Instrument that
time made this happen. He
was awarded the Nobel
Prize in Physics on
December 10, 2000.
In 1965, Moore’s Law was
born. Named after
George Moore, a co-
founder of Fairchild
Semiconductor and Intel.
Moore’s Law States that
“the number of transistors
in a dense integrated
circuit doubles
approximately every two
• In 1971, the first
microprocessor was
made commercially
• The Intel 4004, a 4-bit
Central Processing Unit
What is a Microprocessor?

Microprocessor is a digital device on a chip which can fetch

instructions from a memory, decode and execute them i.e.
performs certain arithmetic and logical operations, accept data
from input device, and send results to output devices.
What is a Microcomputer?

A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a

microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU). It includes a
microprocessor, memory, and minimal input/output (I/O) circuitry
mounted on a single printed circuit board.
What is a Microcontroller?

A microcontroller (or MCU for microcontroller unit) is a small

computer on a single integrated circuit

• Basic Blocks of Microprocessor

• Level of Integration