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UMTS LOG FILES ANALYSIS &

OPTIMZATION

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RRC Connection Set-up Signalling Flow 2

UE WBTS RNC

RRC: RRC CONNECTION REQUEST (RACH)

Admission
Control
NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP
REQUEST
NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP
RESPONSE
ALCAP:
ERQ
ALCAP:
ECF
FP Downlink
Sync
FP Uplink
Sync

RRC: RRC CONNECTION SETUP (FACH)

L1 Sync
NBAP: SYNCH INDICATION

RRC: CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE (DCH)

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RRC Connection Request

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RRC CONNECTION REQUEST
The fist message from UE is the RRC Connection Setup Request which mainly
indicates the RNC that the UE wants to establish signalling connection with the RAN.
This message contains these information elements that can be related to packet data
connection establishment

UE Identity given –

Establishment
cause
Measured cell CPICH EC/IO

UE Release

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RRC Connection Establishment
RRC Connection Request ( )
RNC
UE

UE IEs Initial UE identity CHOICE

Measurement IEs e.g. Establishment cause


IMSI

TMSI & LAI


Protocol error
indicator
P-TMSI & RAI
Originating Conversational Call,
Originating Background Call, IMEI
Terminating Streaming Call,
Emergency Call,
Inter-RAT cell reselection,
Registration,
Detach,
Originating High Priority TRUE / FALSE
Signalling,
Call reestablishment,
(default: FALSE)
Terminating Low Priority
Signalling ,
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RRC CONNECTION SET UP

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RRC CONNECTION SETUP—LOG FILE

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RRC Connection Setup
RNC replies to the UE’s original RRC Connection Request message
with an RRC Connection Setup message which is sent via the BTS
using FP to encapsulate the transport blocks across the Iub via AAL2
based ATM
The RRC Connection Setup message is sent to UE on FACH (S-CCPCH)
using UM RLC
RRC connection establishment is normally performed directly to the Cell_DCH
state or optionally on common channels (Cell_FACH).

Message contains information such as;


Signalling Radio Bearers (SRBs) configuration to be used
Configuration information on uplink and downlink transport CH’s
TTI used, SRB TBS size, RLC PDU size
Convolutional coding rate to be used and CRC size
DPCCH power offset used for the uplink open loop power control
Downlink BLER target for outer loop power control
Power control algorithm and step size to be used
Downlink primary CPICH scrambling code

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RRC CONNECTION SETUP -MESSAGE

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RRC Connection Setup Complete

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RRC Connection Setup Complete

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RRC CONNECTION SET UP COMPLETE_MESSAGE

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PDP CONTEXT ACCEPT

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PDP CONTEXT ACCEPT

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PDP CONTEXT ACCEPT-MESSAGE

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RAB Setup 4

UE Node B RNC MGW

RRC Connection Establishment

Initial Direct Transfer (CM Service Request) SCCP: Connection Request

SCCP: Connection Confirm


Location Reporting Control
Common ID
Security Mode Command
Security Mode Complete
Setup
Call Proceeding
Facility
RAB Assignment Request

Admission Control
Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
FP: Downlink Sync
FP: Uplink Sync
AAL2SIG:ERQ
AAL2SIG:ECF
Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit
Radio Bearer Setup
Radio Bearer Setup Complete
RAB Assignment Response

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RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION

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RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION

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RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION

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RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION

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RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION FAILURE

NOTE: Synchronization issue rasied to RAB


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reconfiguration failure in above case
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Active Set Update/Complete with Measurement
Report

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Branch Addition / Active Set update 6

UE Node B1 Node B2 RNC MGW

Call Established
Measurement Control
Measurement Report
Admission
Control
NBAP: Radio Link Addition Request

Cell starts
receiving
NBAP: Radio Link Addition Response

ALCAP: Establish Request


ALCAP: Establish Confirm Required when Event 1a
FP: Downlink Sync is for a soft handover
FP: Uplink Sync rather than softer
handover
Cell starts
transmitting Active Set Update

If softer handover then only


L1 SYNC a single set of transport
Active Set Update Complete blocks are forwarded across
the Iub
Measurement Control

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Measurement Report--Addition

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RRC: Measurement Report (Event 1a) 6

•Once the UE determines that an event 1a (add) has occurred it sends a


measurement report to the RNC. This is done using the RRC: Measurement Report
message
•The UE reports all active set cells plus up to N monitored set cells within the
measurement report. (As specified in the RRC: Measurement Control message)
•The measurement identity reflects that provided within the measurement control
message

•Monitored set cell measurements are provided as specified within the measurement
control message i.e. synchronisation information and CPICH Ec/Io.
•The event 1a is specified to have been triggered by a monitored set cell

UE Node B1 Node B2 RNC MGW

Call Established
Measurement Control
Measurement Report

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RRC: Measurement Report (Event 1a)

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RRC: Active Set Update/Complete
•The RRC: Active Set Update message is then transmitted from both cells
•UE confirms to RNC that the AS has been updated by sending an RRC: Active
Set Update Complete message
•Once the RNC has received the RRC: Active Set Update Complete message it
updates the neighbour list used by the UE using an RRC: Measurement Control
message
•A list of neighbours to be removed from the neighbour list is specified
(referenced using their cell ID within the neighbour list)
•A list of neighbours to be added to the neighbour list is specified. These
neighbours are referenced using a cell ID. If a neighbour already exists with the
same cell ID, then that neighbour is over written
•The scrambling code of each neighbour to be added is specified and an
indication is made that the SFN of each should be read when measurements are
made.

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RRC: Active Set Update/Complete

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Measurement Report--Deletion

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Radio Bearer Reconfiguration

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Radio Bearer Reconfiguration

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Physical channel reconfiguration

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RRC messages information

Voice and Video are


Conversational Call

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RRC messages information

DL SRB

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RRC messages information

UE in DUAL MODE

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RRC messages information

Voice AMR

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RRC messages information

CS call, 64Kbps,
Transparent

Video Call

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RRC messages information

Video CS 64:
DL SF 32
UL SF 16
Voice AMR:
DL SF 128
UL SF 64

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ISHO-INTER SYSTEM HO

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ISHO AMR Call
UE WBTS RNC CN
RCC: Measurement Control

RCC: Measurement Report


NBAP: RL Reconfigure Prepare
Reporting
Event NBAP: RL Reconfigure Ready
Triggered
NBAP: RL Reconfigure Commit
RCC: Physical Channel
Reconfiguration
RCC: Physical Channel Reconfiguration
Complete
NBAP: Compressed Mode
Command
RCC: Measurement Control
Handover Decision :
RCC: Measurement Report
BSIC verification
(GSM RSSI)
NBAP: Compressed Mode required
Command
RCC: Measurement Control
RCC: Measurement Report (BSIC
verified) RANAP: Relocation Required
RANAP: Relocation Command
RCC: Handover From UTRAN
Command RANAP: Iu Release Command
RANAP: Iu Release Complete
NBAP: Radio Link Deletion
Request
NBAP: Radio Link Deletion
Response
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Measurement Trigger CPICHEc/NO

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Measurement Report -1F( Event Triggered )--ISHO

1F event

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Measurement Report -1E( Event cancel )--ISHO

1E EVENT-
Triggered

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Measurement Report
Once UE identifies that one of the trigger mechanisms for ISHO (e.g. Event 1F,
Ec/Io) has exceeded the relevant threshold (< -15dB), it sends an RRC:
Measurement Report to the RNC

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IDLE MODE CELL RE SELECTION—2G to 3G

Note : In Voice & Data ---2G to 3G cell reselection—SI2


quarter system info .
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IDLE MODE CELL RE SELCTION—2G to 3G

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Idle mode Cell reselection 2G to 3G—Command

NOTE : Idle mode(2G-3G) Layer 3 Message :Cell


Reselection To UTRAN
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RRC : FAILURE CASES MESSAGE

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HANDOVER FROM UTRAN FAILURE --- 3G to 2G

NOTE: SYNC issue found clock value dift in 3G

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CM SERVICE REJECT

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PDP Context Activation Failure

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PDP Context Activation Failure

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UE CELL RESELECTION DURING HANDOVER

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UE CELL RESELECTION

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PDP CONTEXT REJECTED

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UL/DL IMBALANCE

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IDLE MODE CELL RE SELECTION—2G to 3G

Note : In Voice & Data ---2G to 3G cell reselection—SI2


quarter system info .
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IDLE MODE CELL RE SELCTION—2G to 3G

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Idle mode Cell reselection 2G to 3G—Command

NOTE : Idle mode(2G-3G) Layer 3 Message :Cell


Reselection To UTRAN
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BACK UP SLIDES

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There are two common ways to realise duplex transmission:
• Frequency Division Duplex (FDD)
In this case, frequency resources are allocated to the mobile
communication
system. Some of the frequency bands are allocated to uplink
communication
only, while other frequency bands are used for downlink
communication. In
other words duplex transmission is enabled by using different
frequency
bands, meaning that uplink and downlink are separated by frequency.

• Time Division Duplex (TDD)


In this case, one carrier frequency band is used for uplink and
downlink
communication. The transmission is organised in time frames. Within
in each time frame, some time resources are used for uplink
transmission,
while the remaining ones are used for downlink transmission

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System Information
scope/
SIBbroadcasted information read valid modification
MIB • z RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, cell/
• Scheduling information CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, value tag
• SIB references URA_PCH URA_PCH

SIB 1 • NAS information RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, PLMN/
• UE timers & counters CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, value tag
URA_PCH CELL_PCH, URA_PCH

SIB 2 • URA identity list URA_PCH URA_PCH cell/


value tag

SIB 3 • Cell selection RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, cell/
and re-selection parameters(CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH,
(CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, value tag
URA_PCH ) URA_PCH)

SIB 4 • Cell selection and re- CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, cell/
selection parameters for URA_PCH URA_PCH value tag
Ues in the connected mode
SIB 5 • Parameters for common RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, cell/
physical channel (CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH,(CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, value tag
configuration CELL_PCH, URA_PCH ) CELL_PCH, URA_PCH )
(adopted from TS 25.331 V3.
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System Information
scope/
SIBbroadcasted information read valid modification
SIB 7 • UL interference level RRC idle mode, cell/
RRC idle mode,
• Dynamic persistence level CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH,
max(32, 8 * Expir-‘
URA_PCH
• (fast changing parameters) URA_PCH ation Time Factor)
SIB 11
Measurement control RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, cell/
information (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH,
(CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, value tag
URA_PCH) CELL_PCH, URA_PCH)
SIB 12 CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH,
• Measurement control CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, cell/
information for UEs in the URA_PCH CELL_PCH, URA_PC H value tag
RRC connected mode
SIB 16 cell/
• RB, TrCH, and PhyCH RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode,
parameters for a CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH,
CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, value tag
GSM/GPRS-UMTS HO URA_PCH URA_PCH)

(adopted from TS 25.331 V3.


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© 2006 Nokia
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Layer 3
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CDMA CONCEPT

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DIRECT SPREAD SPECTRUM

Transmitter side of system

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Receiver side of system

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UMTS QOS CLASS
When RAB is being setup, the core network (CN) provides
to RNC bearer attributes like:
Traffic QoS class, Maximum bit rate, Guaranteed bit rate,
Residual BER, Transfer delay
and so on.
There are four different QoS classes defined for UMTS [TS
23.107]:
• conversational class
• streaming class
• interactive class
• background class

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