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BAB 12

Sinta Purwita Sari


Tri Wahyuni
9.
Sebutkan penentuan
umur selain radiocarbon!
1.
Stratigrafi

Mengukur kedalaman fosil terkubur. Dengan


memperhatikan lapisan batuan endapan
ilmuwan dapat memperkirakan jumlah watu
yang telah lewatsejak lapisan yang
mengandung fosil terbentuk. Secara umum
semakin dalam batuan dan fosil berada,
semakin tua usia fosil.
2.
Pengamatan fluktuasi medan magnet
bumi
Tiap lapisan medan magnet berbeda seiring
waktu, medan magnet bumiterus bergeser.
3.
Perhitungan radioisotop dari batuan
beku sekita fosil
Batuan-batuan beku memiliki sedikit unsur radioaktif tapi
masih mampudideteksi oleh alat yang sangat peka. dan
radioaktif selalu meluruh seiring waktu.Sebagai contoh
uranium-235 yang meluruh menjadi separuhnya dalam
700 jutatahun menjadi Timbal-207. Dengan
membandingkan jumlah unsur uranium-235dan timbal-207
dalam batuan tersebut, usian batuan beku tersebut
dapatditentukan. Penentuan usia radioisotop tidak dapat
dipakai langsung pada fosilkarena mahluk hidup tidak
memuat unsur radioaktif. Untuk menentukan usia
fosil,lapisan leleh (batuan gunung berapi) dibawah fosil
(sebelum fosil ada) dandiatasnya (setelah makhluk mati)
yang diperiksa.
4.
Memakai fosil penunjuk
Dengan petunjuk fosil yang ditemukan
perdampingan dengan fosil yangdicari dan
fosil penunjuk sudah diketahui perkiraan
usianya.
10.
Sebutkan 3 aspek
radioaktif yang dipandang
luar biasa dipandang dari
fisika klasik!
Ada tiga aspek radioaktivitas yang luar biasa jika
dipandang dari segi fisika klasik
1.
Bila inti mengalami peluruhan alfa dan beta,
bilangan atomik Z berubah danmenjadi
unsur yang berbeda. Jadi unsur tidak tetap.
2.
Energi yang dikeluarkan selama peluruhan
radioktif timbul dari inti individualtanpa
eksitasi eksternal, bukan seperti radiasi
atomik. Bagaimana hal ini terjadisetelah
Einstein mengusulkan kesetaraan massa
dan energi, barulah teka-teki inidapat
dipahami.
3.
Peluruhan radioaktif adalah proses statistik
yang memenuhi teori kemungkinan,tidak ada
hubungan sebab akibat, yang terkait dalam
peluruhan inti, hanyakemungkinan persatuan
waktu. Fisika klasik tidak dapat menjelaskan
prilakuseperti itu, walaupun hal ini dapat
masuk dengan baik dalam kerangka
fisikakuantum.
You can also split your content

White Black
Is the color of milk and Is the color of coal,
fresh snow, the color ebony, and of outer
produced by the space. It is the darkest
combination of all the color, the result of the
colors of the visible absence of or complete
spectrum. absorption of light.
In two or three columns
Yellow Blue Red
Is the color of gold, Is the colour of the Is the color of blood,
butter and ripe clear sky and the and because of this
lemons. In the deep sea. It is it has historically
spectrum of visible located between been associated
light, yellow is found violet and green on with sacrifice,
between green and the optical spectrum. danger and courage.
orange.
A picture is worth a
thousand words
A complex idea can be conveyed with just a single
still image, namely making it possible to absorb
large amounts of data quickly.
Want big impact
Use big image.
Use charts to explain your ideas

White Gray Black


Or use diagrams to explain complex
ideas

120
80 160

40 200
MPH
km/h 240
0
9 9 9 9 9

Diagram featured by http://slidemodel.com


And tables to compare data

A B C

Yellow 10 20 7

Blue 30 15 10

Orange 5 24 16
Maps

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office
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Let’s review some concepts

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter Is the colour of the clear sky Is the color of blood, and
and ripe lemons. In the and the deep sea. It is because of this it has
spectrum of visible light, located between violet and historically been associated
yellow is found between green on the optical with sacrifice, danger and
green and orange. spectrum. courage.

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter Is the colour of the clear sky Is the color of blood, and
and ripe lemons. In the and the deep sea. It is because of this it has
spectrum of visible light, located between violet and historically been associated
yellow is found between green on the optical with sacrifice, danger and
green and orange. spectrum. courage.
You can copy&paste graphs from Google Sheets
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