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Elektronika Daya

Pendahuluan
Elektronika Daya
Disiplin ilmu yang mempelajari penggunaan teknologi
elektronika dalam konversi energi (daya) listrik.

Mengapa energi (daya) listrik perlu dikonversikan?

Hampir semua peralatan listrik bekerja kurang efisien atau


tidak bisa bekerja pada sumber energi listrik yang tersedia.

Banyak pembangkit energi listrik nonkonvensional


mempunyai bentuk yang tidak kompatibel dengan sumber
energi listrik lainnya.
Konverter Daya
Klasifikasi
– Konverter DC-ke-DC (Chopper)
– Konverter AC-ke-DC (Penyearah)
– Konverter DC-ke-AC (Inverter)
– Konverter AC-ke-AC (Cycloconverter/Matrix)
Power Electronic Applications
in Power Generation

– Excitation system
– Automatic Voltage Regulator
– Variable Speed Power Generation (Hydro, Wind,
Microturbine gas)
– Power Conditioners for Renewable Power
Generation (Fuel cells, solar cells)
– Energy Storage
Excitation System in Brushless AC
Generator

D1 D3 D5

Rotor

D2 D4 D6

Stator

Exciter Main generator


Renewable Energy System
Solar Cells

DC/DC DC/DC

Energy Storages
Fuel Cells
Exhaust

Fuel
DC/DC
AC/DC
Fuel
Cells

BUS DC
Fuel Cells Modules
Micro Hydro Electric Power

Generatr DC/AC

Utilitas

AC/DC

DC/AC

AC Loads
Hybrid Power System
Power Electronic Applications in
Power Transmission

– High-Voltage Direct Current Transmission


– Static VAR Compensators
– Series Compensation
– Phase Shifters
– Dynamic Braking
– Flexible AC Transmission System
– High-Speed Circuit Breakers
Static VAR Compensator

– Improving power factor


– Reducing voltage drop and losses
– Increasing maximum power transfer
– Improving damping factor
HVDC Transmission System

DC Line

AC System
AC System

Converter Converter
Two - terminals
dc system
Power Electronic Applications in
Power Distribution
– Static VAR Compensators
– Power Conditioners
– Active Filters
– Unified Power Conditioners
– Dynamic Voltage Restorers
– High-Speed Circuit Breakers
– Light High-Voltage Direct-Current Distribution
– Power conditioners for distributed power generation
Power Electronic Applications in
Transportation Industries

– High-Speed Trains
– Electric vehicles
– Elevators
– Airplanes
– Ships
– Unmanned vehicles
PWM Inverter for Electric Traction

Pantograph
PWM Inverter

Traction Motors
Electric Traction
Shinkansen
Variable Speed Drive Applications
FLOW
REFERENCE

SET-POINT
CONTROLLER
MOTORIZED
VALVE

STARTER

SENSOR
MOTOR

Fixed Speed PUMP

FLOW
REFERENCE

SET-POINT
CONTROLLER

VSD MOTOR
SENSOR

PUMP

CONTROLLER
Smoothing
inductor

AC Motor
AC source

3
Smoothing
capacitor
vout

Controlled Square - wave


rectifier inverter

AC Motor
AC source

3
Smoothing
capacitor
vout

Uncontrolled PWM inverter


rectifier
Power Electronic Applications in
Home Appliances
– Microwave heating
– Air conditioners
– Refrigerators
– Toasters
– Cookers
– Vacuum cleaners
– Wash machines
Power Electronic Applications in
Information Industries

– DC power supplies
– Distributed power supplies
– Power conditioners
– Uninterruptible power supplies
– Battery chargers
– Voltage Regulator Modules
Interdiciplinary nature of power electronics

Control Circuit
Signal theory theory
processing
Electronics

Power
Solid - state Power Electronics systems
physics

Computer Electric
machines

Electromagnetics
Current Challenges

– Voltage regulator modules for microprocessors


– Embedded inverter for motor drives
– Intelligent power ICs
– Flexible AC power transmission systems
– Custom power distribution system
– Unified power conditioners
– Renewable energy power generation system
Selesai
Reff:
- Materi Kuliah
- Handout , Pekik AD
VS
IF

VR VF

IR
Terimakasih