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Nur Lailatul M.

 Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan tentang
pengertian karakteristik budaya
 Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan definisi Culture
is learned
 Mahasiswa mampu menyebutkan definisi Culture
is integrated
 Mahasiswa mampu menyebutkan definisi Culture
is shared
 Mahasiswa mampu menyebutkan definisi Culture
is mostly tacit
 Mahasiswa mampu menyebutkan definisi Culture
is dynamic
 Ethnicity is a cultural  Race refers to a grouping of
group’s perception of people based on biological
themselves (group identity). similarities.
 This self-perception  Members of a racial group
mempengaruhi bgmn have similar physical
anggota klp diterima oleh characteristics such as
org lain blood group, facial
 Ethnicity adalah rasa features, and color of skin,
memiliki dan keadaan sosial hair, and eyes.
yg scr umum diwariskan  There is often overlap
dari satu generasi ke between racial and ethnic
generasi berikutnya groups because the cultural
 Members of an ethnic and biological
group demonstrate their commonalities support one
shared sense of identity in another (Giger &
common adat istiadat dan Davidhizar, 1999).
Perbedaan yang terjadi baik
diantara kelompok2 tertentu
maupun individu2 dalam
suatu budaya tertentu
1. Culture is learned and taught. Pengetahuan
ttg budaya tertentu di transmisikan dari
generasi ke generasi. Seseorang tdk terlahir
dengan konsep budaya, tetapi
mempelajarinya melalui sosialisasi
2. Culture is shared. The sharing/
menyebarkan/ membagikan perilaku/ praktek
scr umum menyebabkan group tertentu
memiliki identitas budayanya
3. Culture is social in nature. Culture develops
in and is communicated by groups of people.
4. Culture is dynamic, adaptive, and ever-
changing. Adaptation memungkinkan klp
budaya tertentu berusaha untuk menyesuaikan
diri dengan perubahan lingkungan. Perubahan
budaya terjadi scr perlahan sbg respon dari
kebutuhan klp.
This dynamic and adaptable nature
memungkinkan budaya tertentu dapat bertahan
 Masalah dpt terjadi jika perbedaan diantara
dan di dalam klp budaya tertentu tdk mampu
difahami/ disalah artikan.
 Misperception, kebingungan, and ketdk
pedulian sering menyertai harapan seseorang
akan org lain
 There are numerous ways in which people are
different and, thus, classified by others.
 • Age  • Socioeconomic
 • Gender status
 • Educational level  • Religion
 • Language  • Functional abilities
 • Occupation  • Cognitive abilities
 • Residence (rural,  • Racial composition
urban, suburban)  • Nationality
 • Family structure
and ties
is the belief that one’s
own culture is superior
to all others.
 Ethnocentrism scr umum dianut oleh semua
kelompok budaya, semua klp akan memiliki
kepercayaan bahwa budaya yg dianutnya adalah
yang terbaik dan paling benar baik scr moral dan
menjadi cara hidup
 Kepercayaan ini mendarah daging dan sering kali
melampaui batas sehingga sering kali dipaksakan
kpd org lain dlm berbagai aspek interaksi sehari-
hari termasuk dlm praktek keperawatan.
 this attitude which creates problems between
nurses and clients of diverse cultural groups.
 Ethnocentrism hasil dari oppression.
 Oppression terjadi saat aturan, mode, ideal
dari salah satu klp dipaksakan kepada
kelompok lain
 Oppression biasanya berdasarkan bias
budaya, yang berakar values, beliefs,
tradition, and cultural expectations.
 Racism adalah bentuk dari oppression,
didefinisikan sebagai deskriminasi yang
merujuk kepada seseorang yang merasa
inferior karena perbedaan secara biologis (
karakteristik fisik)
 Stereotyping adalah ekspektasi bahwa semua
orang dalam suatu kelompok yg memiliki
kesamaan ras, etnis atau kelompok budaya
tertentu berperilaku dan menganut
kepercayaan dan sikap yang sama
 Stereotyping results in labeling people
according to cultural preconceptions;
therefore, an individual’s unique identity is
often ignored.
 English is the language of communication.
 The pronunciation or meaning of some words
varies according to regions within the United
 The customary greeting is a handshake.
 A distance of 4 to 12 feet is customary when
interacting with strangers or doing business
(Giger and Davidhizar, 1995).
 In casual situations, it is acceptable for
women as well as men to wear pants; blue
jeans are a common mode of dress.
 Most Americans are Christians.
 Sunday is recognized as the Sabbath.
 Government is expected to remain separate
from religion.
 Guilt or innocence for alleged crimes is
decided by a jury of one’s peers.
 Selection of a marriage partner is an
individual’s choice.
 Legally, men and women are equals.
 Marriage is monogamous (only one spouse);
fidelity is expected.
 Divorce and subsequent remarriages are
 Parents are responsible for their minor children.
 Aging adults live separately from their children.
 Status is related to occupation, wealth, and
 Common beliefs are that everyone has the
potential for success and that hard work leads to
 Daily bathing and use of a deodorant are
standard hygiene practices.
 ● Anglo-American women shave the hair from their
legs and underarms; most men shave their faces
 ● Licensed practitioners provide health care.
 ● Drugs and surgery are the traditional forms of
medical treatment.
 ● Americans tend to value technology and equate it
with quality.
 ● As a whole, Americans are time oriented and,
therefore, rigidly schedule their activities according
to clock hours.
 ● Forks, knives, and spoons are used, except when
eating “fast foods,” for which the fingers are
1. Timur Tengah ( Arab saudi )
2. Africa Selatan
3. Korea
4. United Kingdom
5. Thailand
6. India