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-SANITASI LINGKUNGAN-

PRESENTED BY:
KELOMPOK II B
KIMIA LINGKUNGAN
-MEMBER-

CAMELIA 1506103040005
DIWANA AIDA 1506103040009
ISMI ZATYA 1506103040034
MAILY RIZKY 1506103040048
MERI HARDINA 1506103040015
RAUFI NURFIDA 1506103040030
ZAHRINA 1506103040032
Subtopik:
I. Sanitasi dan Kesehatan Lingkungan

01 Pengertian Sanitasi dan Kesehatan Lingkungan

02 Macam-macam Sanitasi dan Manfaat Sanitasi

Ruang Lingkup dan Sasaran Kesehatan


03 Lingkungan
Masalah-masalah Kesehatan Lingkungan dan
04 Sanitasi
Solusi Menangani Masalah Sanitasi dan
05 Kesehatan Lingkungan
Subtopik:
II. Sistem Sanitasi

01 Definisi Sistem Kesehatan

02 Pembuangan

03 Pengumpulan

Pengangkutan
04
05 Daur Ulang dan Tempat Pembuangan Akhir
Sanitasi dan Kesehatan
Lingkungan
I. Pengertian Sanitasi
Sanitasi adalah suatu usaha pencegahan penyakit dengan melenyapka
n atau mengendalikan faktor-faktor risiko lingkungan yang merupakan
mata rantai penularan penyakit.
Sanitasi menurut World Health Organization (WHO) adalah suatu usa
ha yang mengawasi beberapa faktor lingkungan fisik yang berpengaruh
kepada manusia terutama terhadap hal-hal yang mempengaruhi efek, m
erusak perkembangan fisik, kesehatan, dan kelangsungan hidup.
Pengertian Kesehatan Lingkungan
Kesehatan lingkungan
adalah suatu ilmu dan seni dalam mencapai kes
eimbangan antara lingkungan dan manusia, ilmu dan juga seni d
alam pengelolaan lingkungan sehingga dapat tercapai kondisi ya
ng bersih, sehat, nyaman dan aman serta terhindar dari ganggua
n berbagai macam penyakit.
2. Macam-macam Sanitasi
a. Sanitasi Uap
 Uap untuk tujuan sanitasi dapat diterapkan dengan menggunakan uap air
mengalir pada suhu 170°F (76.7°C) selama 15 menit atau 200°F (93.3°C)
selama 5 menit.
 Sanitasi dengan uap tidak efektif dan mahal.
 Penggunaan uap ini untuk permukaan yang terkontaminasi berat dapat m
enyebabkan terbentuknya gumpalan yang keras pada residu bahan organ
ik dan menghambat penetrasi panas yang mematikan mikroba.
b. Sanitasi Air Panas

 Upaya sanitasi dengan metode ini dapat dilakukan dengan merendam be


nda-benda dalam air panas bersuhu 80 0C atau lebih.
 Menurut Toldra (2010: 288), “Air digunakan sebagai medium pembersih s
elama operasi sanitasi. banyak mikroorganisme dapat bertahan di permuk
aan, dan inaktivasi mereka memerlukan perawatan antimicrobial, dilakuka
n melalui sarana fisik (air panas, uap, UV), yang seharusnya bersifat afekt
if”.
c. Sanitasi Radiasi

Radiasi hanya digunakan pada kegiatan usaha pengelolaan yang berskala


cukup besar.
Sinar yang digunakan adalah sinar ultraviolet, yang mempunyai panjang gel
ombang 2500 Å.
Kisaran mematikan mikroorganisme yang efektif dari sinar ultra violet ini pe
ndek, sehingga membatasi penggunaanya dalam pengolahan pangan.
d. Sanitasi Kimia

Berbagai sanitaiser kimia tersedia untuk digunakan dalam pengolahan dan


pelayanan makanan.
Sanitaiser kimia bervariasi dalam komposisi kimia dan aktifitas, tergantung
pada kondisi.
Menurut Purnawijayanti (2001:28), “Efektifitas suatu sanitaiser kimia dipeng
aruhi oleh faktor-faktor fisik dan kimia antara lain waktu, suhu, konsentrasi,
pH, kebersihan alat dana dan tidaknya bahan pengganggu”.
3. Manfaat Sanitasi
Menghindari angka pertumbuhan ekonomi
Meningkatkan kualitas kesehatan, pendidikan, dan produktivita
s masyarakat.
Menurunkan angka kemiskinan.
Memberdayakan masyarakat
Menyelamatkan masyarakat.
Menjaga lingkungan hidup.
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