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Teaching Grammar

Grammar
A DEDUCTIVE APPROACH:

A deductive approach starts with the


presentation of a rule and is followed by
examples in which the rule is applied.
Examples

Deductive Learning:

On arriving in a country you have never been to


before, you are told that as a rule people rub
noses when greeting one another, and so you
do exactly that.
AN INDUCTIVE APPROACH:

 An inductive approach starts with some


examples from which a ruled is inferred.
Inductive Learning:

On arriving in this same country, you


observe several instances of people
rubbing noses on meetings so you
conclude that this is the custom, and
proceed to do likewise.
 In place of the terms DEDUCTIVE and
INDUCTIVE,
it may be easier to use the terms:
Rule-driven learning and Discovery
learning, respectively.
Advantages of
DEDUCTIVE approach are:
 It gets straight to the point, and can
therefore be time saving.

 It respects the intelligence and maturity of


many – specially adult students and
acknowledges the role of cognitive
processes in language acquisition.

 It helps those learners who have analytical


learning style.
Disadvantages
 Lack of METALANGUAGE (grammar
terminology)

 Teacher- fronted, transmission – style


classroom.

 It encourages the idea that learning a


language is simply a case of knowing the
rules.
Advantages INDUCTIVE Approach
 Rules are more meaningful

 Ss are more actively involed in the learning


process.

 It favours pattern-recognition and problem


solving abilities.

 Extra language practice (problem solved in


the target language.)
 It is conducive to learner AUTONOMY.
DISADVANTAGES
 Time and Energy spent working out rules.

 Ss tend to belive RULES are the OBJECTIVE


of language learning rather than a MEANS.

 Ss. May guess the wrong rule.

 Heavy deman on teachers planning.

 Some students prefer to be told the rule.


 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lo3H4
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1ZDb
sA_L464X3a1og