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Challenge of Natural Hazards - TECTONICS

What is a natural hazard? What are your two examples of a tectonic hazard?
LIC:
What makes some hazards more risky? HIC:
LIC EFFECTS: HIC EFFECTS:
Primary: Primary:

Secondary: Secondary:

Where do you find earthquakes and volcanoes?

Draw a diagram of the three types of plate boundary – annotate your diagram to explain LIC RESPONSES: HIC RESPONSES:
why you find natural hazards here. Immediate: Immediate:

Long Term: Long Term:

Why do people still live in areas with tectonic hazards?

Exam Questions: Describe the immediate and long term responses to an earthquake you have studied. 6 marks.
How can people reduce the risk of earthquakes/volcanoes? Explain how different levels of development affected the impacts of two earthquakes you have studied. 6 marks.
Challenge of Natural Hazards – WEATHER AND CLIMATE

LIC EFFECTS: LIC RESPONSES:


Primary: Immediate:

Where do you find tropical storms?


Secondary: Long Term:

Draw a diagram of a tropical storm and label it with its main features. Add annotations to
explain how a tropical storm forms.

How can people reduce the impacts of tropical storms?

Areas not covered on this revision sheet:


Evidence for climate change
Causes of climate change
Managing climate change

Extreme weather in the UK

Exam Questions:
How might climate change affect tropical storms? Outline 2 reasons why human activities effect the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. 4 marks.
Describe 2 types of weather that affect the UK. 4 marks.
Explain why planning and preparation are the best ways of reducing the effects of tropical storms. 4 marks.
Explain how the global atmospheric circulation system affects the weather and climate in the tropics. 6 marks.
The Living World – TROPICAL RAINFORESTS

Label this diagram of a tropical rainforest with the names of the different layers and a description of their
characteristics.

Example of a small-scale UK ecosystem:


Draw a diagram of the nutrient cycle within this ecosystem.

Explain how 1 plan and 1 animal species are adapted to living in the tropical rainforest.
Explain how changing one component of this ecosystem could affect the other parts.

Case study:
Causes of deforestation: How can tropical rainforests be managed?

Impacts of deforestation:
The Living World – COLD ENVIRONMENTS

Describe the physical characteristics of tundra environments.

Case Study:
Opportunities for development: Explain how 1 plant and one animal species are adapted to living here.

Challenges for development:


Exam questions:
Use the map to describe the
distribution of desert biomes.
3 marks.

Explain why it is important to


retain biodiversity in tropical
rainforests. 4 marks.

Why are cold environments valuable? Describe and explain the main plant
adaptations in a tropical rainforest.
6 marks.

The rainforest is more valuable when


How can they be protected? left intact than when destroyed. Use
an example to support of challenge
this statement. 9 marks.

Describe the features of plants and soils in tundra environments. 4 marks.

Explain how cold environments can provide challenges for development. 6 marks.

Use a case study to evaluate how different strategies can reduce environmental damage in cold environments. 9
marks.
Physical Landscapes of the UK - COASTS

Label this map of the UK with major upland areas and rivers.

Example of a coastline in the UK:


Choose one erosional landform and one landform of deposition from the above list and use diagrams to explain
its formation. HINT: choose the ones you are least confident with!

Define: Reasons for management:


Hard Engineering –

What is the strategy:


Soft Engineering –

Results of the strategy:


Managed Retreat –

Conflicts it has caused:


Example of a coastal management scheme:
Physical Landscapes of the UK - RIVERS

Define cross profile.


Example of a river in the UK:
Define long profile.
Draw and label diagrams to explain formation of:
Draw diagrams to explain the different processes of erosion and transportation. Landforms of erosion:

Landforms of erosion and deposition:

2 reasons why rivers deposit sediment Landforms of deposition:


1.

2.

What factors affect flood risk? Exam questions:


Compare the characteristics of destructive and constructive waves. 4
marks.
Describe the effects of mass movement on a coastline. 4 marks.
How have people tried to manage floods in the UK? What are the advantages and disadvantages of hard engineering at the
coast? 6 marks.
Identify the differences between hard and soft engineering management
strategies. 4 marks.
Describe how the shape of the river valley changes downstream. 4 marks.
‘River flooding is a natural phenomenon.’ To what extent do you agree with
Example? this statement. 9 marks.