Anda di halaman 1dari 22

Oleh:

IJK
Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan Kerja

Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan Kerja


(Safety Management System) biasanya
integral dengan Health & Environmental
Management System dan dikenal luas
sebagai :
– HSE Management System, atau
– SHE Management System.
Tujuan
Untuk memastikan bahwa
– segala aktivitas perusahaan/institusi,
– Beserta seluruh kemungkinan dampak yang ditimbulkan (terhadap
keselamatan, kesehatan & lingkungan)
Dilaksanakan sepenuhnya memenuhi/mentaati :
– Seluruh UU dan PP yang berlaku
– Visi, Nilai, Definisi, dan kebijakan perusahaan
– Standar-standar yang telah ditetapkan.

Contoh Visi SHE suatu perusahaan :


“No Injuries to Anyone, Ever
Value People & Environment”
(Orica Explosives)
Contoh Definisi Safety
dari suatu perusahaan:

Safety can be defined as a state in which all operations


are undertaken in a

PLANNED and CONTROLLED


manner to achieve the objective of:

NO INJURIES TO ANYONE EVER


SHE Management System
 Terdiri dari beberapa dokumen
 Merupakan bagian terpadu dari seluruh
proses Manajemen suatu perusahaan
 Diawali dari “SHE Policy” suatu
perusahaan
 Merupakan siklus tertutup (continuous
improvement process)
Contoh :
Orica’s SH&E Mgt System

SH&E
Due diligence Board Policies
process

SH&E
Standards
Letter of
Assurance
SH&E
Improvement
Plan Model
Procedures
Audits

Local
Local Procedures
Practice
Aktivitas Perencanaan
Planning activities include:

 Policies (kebijakan)
 Training of personnel
 Design of any new products, processes & equipment
 Hazard and Operability studies
 Procedures
Aktivitas Pengendalian
Control activities include:
 Reporting
 Alteration Authorities (perubahan
kewenangan)
 Clearances = permit to work (izin
melakukan pekerjaan tertentu di luar
steady state operation)
 SH&E Meetings
 Audits
 Maintenance
Safety System Components

Hardware Systems People

Clearances
Safety meetings
Design Reporting
Recognition (pengakuan)
Maintenance Auditing
Discipline
Hazard Studies Alteration Authorities
Reassessments
Commissioning Rehabilitation
Recruitment
Standards Policies
Tool Box Talks
Interlocks Protective Equipment
Training
Protective Systems Plans
Safety Charter
Integrity Objectives(Challenge 2005)
Initiatives
Machine Guarding JSRA
Safety 2000
etc Product Stewardship
CBI
Training
etc
Basis of Safety
Procedures
etc
SHE Policy
 SHE Policy merupakan kebijakan tertinggi
perusahaan tentang SHE
 Ditetapkan dan ditandatangi oleh Board of
Directors (Direksi)
 Board akan menanggung resiko tertinggi
bila tidak menerbitkan SHE Policy
 Biasanya berupa selembar kertas (piagam)
Contoh
We believe that all work related injuries,
illnesses and environmental incidents are
preventable.

We will manage all our activities with


concern for people and the environment
and will conduct our business for the
benefit of society and without
compromising the quality of life of future
generations.
Contoh SHE Policy : lanjutan..
In particular we will:

 strive to ensure our facilitates operate to the highest


standards to protect our employees, contractors,
neighbours and the environment
 continue to seek ways to efficiently use materials
and energy
 sell only those products that can be produced,
transported, stored , used and disposed off safely

 Dsb…
We make this commitment to our employees,
contractors, customers, shareholders and the
community as we work towards our vision of

“No injuries to Anyone, Ever


Value People and the Environment”

Safety Must Never Be Compromised For Any Reason


SHE Standars
 Ditetapkan oleh Board sbg suport
terhadap SHE Policy
 Contoh:

GS 1 - SH&E Commitment GS 10 - Systems of Work


GS 2 - Management & Resources GS 11 - Emergency Plans
GS 3 - Communication & Consultation GS 12 - Contractors & Suppliers
GS 4 - Training GS 13 - Environmental Impact
GS 5 - Material Hazards Assessment
GS 6 - Acquisitions & Divestments GS 14 - Resource Conservation
GS 7 - New Plant, Equipment & Process GS 15 - Waste Management
Design GS 16 - Soil & Groundwater
GS 8 - Modifications & Changes Protection
GS 9 - SH&E Assurance GS 17 - Product Stewardship
GS 18 - SH&E Performance &
Reporting
GS 19 - Auditing
Model Prosedur
 Merupakan jantung dari SHE sistem
 Mensuport SHE standar
 Disusun oleh SHE team atau SHE manager.
 Dibuat berdasarkan :
– Peraturan pemerintah yang relevan
– Prosedur yang telah ada sebelumnya
– Pengalaman perusahaan
– Standar-standar yang berlaku di industri kimia

 Dipresentasikan dalam bentuk


SHE Procedures Manual
(misalnya ada 100 Model Procedur Umum)
Contoh :
List of Key Procedures
SHE Management Safety
SG005 SHE Training SF001 Isolation of Plant & Eqt
SG011 Contractors on Orica sites SF002 Entry to Confined spaces
SG013 Visitors to Site SF003 Evacuation/Break in Authority
SG016 Lone & Isolated Workers SF004 Clearance to Work
SG018 Major Hazard Facilities SF005 Fire Safety Management
SG020 Emergency Plans SF007 Work at Heights/On roofs
SG026 Incident Management Environment SF008 Dangerous Tools
SG030 SHE Risk Management EP001 Decommissioning etc SF009 Lifting Equipment
SG035 Physical Security EP004 Waste Management SF010 Forklift Trucks
SG050 Safety on Customer Sites SF016 Transport of dangerous Goods
SG051 Contractors non Orica sites SF018 Personal Protective Equipment
SG053 Significant Incident Follow up SF019 Ignition Sources in Hazardous areas
SF025 Storage of Dangerous Goods
SF028 Hot Work Clearance
SF054 Danger Tag Procedures
Engineering Health
ET002 Electrical Isolation OH009 First Aid
ET004 Hazard Studies OH013 Working in Heat
ET009 Alteration Authorities OH017 Ergonomics & Manual Handling
ET016 Critical machine Systems OH022 Drugs & Alcohol
ET024 Risk Assessment of Existing Plant OH025 Protection of Outdoor Workers

For access to all the procedures see the DMS(Document Mgt System) or Plant
SHE Procedures manual. You will the procedures under - “SHE/“Procedures”/“SF, ET, SG etc”
SHE Procedures Manual
 Didistribusikan ke seluruh lokasi kerja/unit kerja
 Supervisor bertanggung jawab terhadap unit kerja atas
implementasinya.
 Setiap standar dilengkapi dengan Communication Record
untuk memastikan bahwa seluruh karyawan tanpa kecuali
telah memahami dan mengerti isinya
 Dilengkapi dengan nomor-nomor dokumen referensi yang
berkaitan :
– yang dijadikan dasar pertimbangan penyusunan prosedur tersebut
– Untuk informasi bahwa prosedur tersebut terkait langsung dengan
prosedur lain.
Local Procedures
 Local Procedures = Site Specific
Procedures
 Disusun oleh Plant Manager / Site
Supervisor.
 dengan mengacu pada SHE Procedures
Manual (SHE System Manual)
Local Practice
 Merupakan pelaksanaan dari semua sistem yang
telah ditetapkan dari SHE Policy sampai dengan
Local Procedures
 Secara internal di-Audits oleh SHE team, yang
kemudian mengeluarkan Letter of Assurance ke
Board untuk melanjutkan Siklus Tertutup dari SHE
Management System
 Secara eksternal di-Due Diligence Process, yang
juga menjadi masukan ke Board.
Other SH&E Systems

 Tool Box Talks - weekly informal safety meeting


 Safety Meetings - monthly - plants, bi-monthly -
office
 SH&E Weekly - see Noticeboards
 SH&E Plans - Annual plans for office & plants
 Audits - world class, engineering, BOS, on bench
SH&E - Everyone’s Responsibility

 It is everyone's responsibility to work safely.


 Whatever observations you make of the people working around
you, you must be comfortable about the situation you are
witnessing.
 If you witness an unsafe act, and do nothing about it, then
effectively you have just become party to that act.
 If you see and ignore an unsafe act, then you have set a
standard that others may believe is acceptable.
 If you do an unsafe act in front of your workmates, then you
condone the act and have set a precedent for others to follow.
 Remember, the standard you walk past, is the standard you get.

Don’t walk past. Stop, and correct the behaviour.