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SRN : 01FB16AAR017
• Energy lights our cities, powers our vehicles, and runs machinery in factories.
• Energy is defined as the ability or the capacity to do work
Energy comes in different forms:
• Heat (thermal)
• Light (radiant)
• Motion (kinetic)
• Electrical
• Chemical
• Nuclear energy
• Gravitational

The energies that are created by the nature itself
and they can be generated continuously
practically without decay of source.
eg : solar energy, wind energy, geothermal
energy, hydro electric energy.
The energies which come from sources that will
run out or will not be replenished in our lifetimes
or even in many, many lifetimes.
Most non renewable energy sources are fossil
fuels : coal , petroleum and natural gas.
Carbon is the main element in the fossil fuels.
• Energy conservation are efforts made to reduce
the consumption of energy by using less of an
energy service. This can be achieved either by using
energy more efficiently (using less energy for a
constant service) or by reducing the amount of
services used.
• Less electricity means less fossil fuels burned.
• Fossil fuels are not a clean source of energy either.
Conservation of them can help to lessen pollution
and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
• As a part of the big picture, conservation can also
help reduce the risk oil spills and the threats that
coal and oil procurement pose to our ecosystems
around the world.
• Lastly, conservation can save money. This is one of
the biggest reasons many begin to cultivate a culture
of conservation, however , as more and more people
learn, it is certainly not the only reason.
• 1) Use programmable thermostats (properly)
Programmable thermostats offer the dual benefit of not only allowing
for a quick way to reduce heating and cooling costs,
but also the convenience of not having to constantly worry
whether the temperature is appropriate.
• 2) Implement lighting changes
You probably know that LEDs and CFLs can offer
significant savings over incandescent bulbs, but an area of
lighting that often goes overlooked is exit signage – since they’re always
on, make sure your exit signs are as efficient as possible. Occupant
sensors are another quick fix that can help reduce lighting costs, as well
as checking for rebates that may be available from your utility provider.
• 3) Turn off computers and other equipment at the end of the day
Be sure to remind occupants to turn off their computers,
printer, and copiers at the end of every work day, ideally have
them un-plugged as well. An easy way to maintain this consistency
is through the use of power strips that can simply be turned off,
making it as simple as a button-push for occupants who may balk at
the idea of having to un-plug and re-attach their equipment every day.
• 5) Check interiors and exteriors for damage
You can’t fix it if you don’t know it’s there, so make building audits or walkthroughs a
priority. Make sure to look for insulation issues with the roof, ceilings, doors, and windows.
Any cracks or gaps can let air into the building, which diminishes energy performance.
• 6) Find underperforming equipment (and replace it)
During your regular building audits, take a look at your equipment to make sure it’s
functioning as well as it can. Any inefficient equipment should be replaced, and be sure to
look for ENERGY STAR models if possible to ensure any new equipment is as efficient as
• 7) Benchmarking energy performance
Using a tool like the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager to benchmark facility’s
performance and find the right incentives to help implement improvements. The building
may even qualify for ENERGY STAR certification if your efficiency performance is good
The following conclusions can be drawn:
• Fossil fuels are the major energy resource consumed by mankind.
• In the future the fossil fuels will not suffice, so alternative methods have to be
• The burning of fossil fuels emits large quantities of CO2. The amount of CO2 in the
atmosphere is on the increase. This can be measured and is very well documented.
The consequences of this are a point of contention. But the risk of doing nothing
or too little is alarming. Any means to reduce the use of fossil fuels as soon as
possible is extremely urgent.
• Electric generation is causing the biggest CO2 emissions but as generation is
produced in large units it is also easiest to fix. One way is to capture and store the
CO2, thus making it harmless. Another is to replace this generation with hydro,
wind and solar, which produce less CO2, and transmit the power over long
distances to the consumers by HVDC.
• After energy generation, transportation is the second biggest emitter of CO2
globally. To reduce their use of fossil fuels is also urgent. Not only from the
perspective that oil will probably be the first fossil fuel to pass the peak, but also
from the perspective of the immediate environmental impact of CO2 emissions.
Here a transition to electric feeding would appear to be the best solution.