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Editing and Revising

 In revising, you can:

- ADD new ideas or more specific support
- ELIMINATE irrelevant sentences
- REARRANGE ideas to improve organization
- EDIT to correct the grammar, punctuation, and
Some common mistakes
A. Agreement of  Example:
Subjects and A. My friend was late for class
Verbs My friends were late for class
B. Agreement of RULES in A
Pronouns and 1. And  the subjects are considered
Nouns plural
C. Agreement of Example: My friend and I were late
Possessive of for class
Nouns or
2. Or/Nor  the verbs should agree
with the closer subject
D. Punctuation
Example: Either Andi or Steven drives
E. Capitalization
me crazy
Neither Ruth nor her sisters ask me
to join English club
Other rules
3. Make the verbs agree with its subject, NOT with the
- The Community of book lovers asks people in the
mall to donate some books
- Some book lovers in Surabaya involve directly in
sending story books to the children of isolated islands
4. Use singular or plural verb with
certain pronouns
 Singular Verb  Plural Verb
- each, everybody, - both, few, many, other, &
everyone, everything, several
one, somebody,
someone, something,
neither, anybody,
anyone, anything, either,
no body, no one, none, &
5. Use a singular verb with
expression of …..
 Time, Money, Measurement, Weight, Fractions
- It is a quarter past five
- One million rupiahs is the prize of this jacket
- One meter equals one thousands kilometers
- Ten ounces equals one kilogram
- Three-fourths is more than one-half

(3¼ ›1½)
Underline the correct verbs for
each of the following sentences!
1. One of my friends (has/have) a new car.
2. Everyone who works hard in this class (do/does) well.
3. Many of my friends (like/likes) the professor.
4. The instructor (don’t/doesn’t) give a lot of homework
5. One of the reasons that I chose to go into medicine
(is/are) that I like to work with people.
6. Fifty dollars (is/are) too much to spend on dinner in
the restaurant.
7. Both Jane and her cousins (go/goes) to the University
of Michigan.
8. The book and the movie (has/have) the same ending
B. Agreement of Pronouns and
 A pronouns must refer back to specific noun/must
agree in number with the noun it refers to. Singular
noun, singular pronoun; plural noun, plural pronoun
(back to slide 4)
1. Everyone on the team (come/comes) to practice
2. All the team members (has/have) to work hard.
3. Each of students (is/are) improving.
4. He said,”Nobody (care/cares) about this game.”
5. Someone (is/are) going to pay this mistake.
C. Agreement of Possessive of
Nouns or Pronouns
 Example:
- The little boy is holding his mother’s hand.
- The children are holding their mother’s hand.
- Each of the girls had her own bedroom in the
- Both of our daughters have their own car
Underline the correct possessive
for each of the following sentences
1. Both of the students forgot (his/their) notebooks.
2. Neither of my sisters owns (her/their) own books.
3. Mathew likes (his/their) meat cooked well done.
4. The Wexiers send (his/their) children to private
5. One of the women has retired from (their/her) job.
6. This isn’t Connie’s jacket. It’s (my/mine).
D. Punctuation
 1. Period
- at the end of a statement
- with most abbreviations
 2. Question mark
- at the end of a question
 3. Comma
( six functions). They are?
Six Functions of Comma
1. to separate words of Example:
phrases in a series - There are seven
recommended movies in
this month which you
have to watch. They are
Premium Rush, Looper,
Taken 2, The Raven,
Finding Nemo 3D, Ted,
and Paper Boat 2.
2. to separate Example:
independent clauses - We have many cars, but
joined by a coordinating we don’t have driving
- I can’t get up early, so I
ask my mother to wake
me up.
3. is used after many Example:
introductory phrase or - Being late all the time,
clauses the teacher asks me to
arrange my watch early.
- Because I can’t keep my
promise, she asks me to
break up.
4. It is used before direct Example:
quote - She said,”Please love me
5. It is used in between the for a thousand years.”
day of the month and - October 16, 2012
the year (American style)
6. to separate cities from 16 October 2012 (British
states style)
- Surabaya, East Java
4. Colon
- to introduce a series - To introduce a
Example: I bought my long/formal quotation
mother some fruits: Example: In the concrete
mangoes, jack fruits, operational stage,
bananas, and oranges. American psychologist
Robert E. Slavin
said:”Children can form
concepts, see
relationships, and solve
problems, but only if
they involve objects and
situations that are
- to separate hours from  It is used after the
minutes salutation in a formal
Example: letter
7:30, 8:10, 8.45 Example:
Dear Mr. Faisal: (American
Dear Mr. Faisal, (British
5. Quotation Mark
- to enclose a direct quote
Example: She said,”Don’t forget to come home early.”
- to identify title of songs, short stories, poems, articles,
essays, and chapters from a book (NO UNDERLINE-
old fashioned)
Example: My favorite song is “Untitled” by Simple Plan
Punctuate the following
1. Dr Anderson was born in Portland on April 22 1981
2. I just finished reading Hemingway’s novel The Old
Man In the Sea
3. The restaurant has three specialties grilled steak
marinated chicken and fried shrimp
4. In conclusion Mario Vagas Losa is one of the greatest
writers of the twentieth century
5. Marion said I can’t go with you because I have too
much homework
E. Capitalization
- At the first word of a - The days of the week,
sentence months, and holidays
- Names and a title that - The name of regions
precedes a name
- Nationalities and
- Names of racial and ethnic
- All word in a titles,
(!) Not capitalize the words
black or white except articles,
prepositions, and
- The names of specific
conjunctions unless they
geographical locations
are the first or the last
including countries, states,
cities, towns, rivers,
word in the title
streets, and mountains - (A Woman behind Him)
Do All Four Activities