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1 Anak sebagai klien bukan di pandang sebagai

miniatur orang dewasa melainkan sebagai makhluk


yang unik dan memiliki kebutuhan spesifik yang
berbeda dengan orang dewasa

2 Keluarga adalah mitra kerja perawat dalam


keperawatan anak

Prinsip pelaksanaan tindakan adalah atraumatic


4 care (perawatan tanpa menimbulkan trauma pada
anak)
● Sebelum abad 19 kurang mendapat perhatian
karena tim kesehatan kurang
● Buku tentang kesehatan anak kurang
● Tahun 1800 mulai ada studi kesehatan anak:
abraham jacob didukung oleh lilian wald
● Selanjutnya tumbuh UKS
● Pada awal 1900 dilakukan perawatan isolasi
sejak ditemukan penyakit menular
● Org tua dilarang berkunjung
● Ditemukan efek psikologi pd anak isolasi,
dirubah menjadi rawat gabung
● Org tua di yakini sebagai org paling tepat
dalam perawatan anak sehat maupun sakit
 Anak adalah seseorang yang berumur kurang
dari 18 tahun dan dalam masa tumbuh
kembang
Bayi (0-1 tahun)

Toddler (1-2,5
tahun)

Masa anak Prasekolah (2,5


th-5 th)

Usia sekolah (5-


11 th)

Remaja (11-18
th)

Masih dalam tahap tumbuh kembang


1. Pemberi perawatan
pemberian keperawatan anak dengan
memenuhi kebutuhan asah, asih, asuh
2. Sebagai advokat keluarga
sebagai pembela keluarga dalam bebrapa
hal
3. Pencegahan penyakit
4. Pendidik
5. Konseling
6. Kolaborasi
7. Pengambil keputusan etik
8. Peneliti
 Kebutuhan asuh
 Kebutuhan asih
 Kebutuhan asah
Kebutuhan asuh: kebutuhan fisik
yang harus terpenuhi, meliputi :
1. gizi atau nutrisi
2. Kebutuhan perawatan dan

1 pengobatan saat sakit


3. Kebutuhan tempat tinggal layak
4. Kebutuhan hygiene
5. Kebutuhan berpakaian
6. Kebutuhan rekreasi
Kebutuhan asih: pemberian
kasih sayang, lebih bersifat
psikologis meliputi :
2 1. Disayang oleh org tua
2. Psikososial
Kebutuhan asah:
pemenuhan kebutuhan
3 mental, perkembangan
psikososial, kecerdasan,
kemandirian, kreativitas
Tngkatkan
Modifikasi Cegah cedera Cegah perpisahan
kemampuan
Lingkugan fisik ataupun ortu dg anak
ortu mengurus
RS psikologis
anak
seperti
rumah sendiri

Prinsip utama dalam perawatan


terapeutik
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