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PHYSICAL FITNESS

FROM PHYSIOLOGICAL
POINT OF VIEW

I D.P.SUTJANA
BAGIAN FISIOLOGI FK.UNUD
PHYSICAL FITNESS
• IS GENERAL STATE OF HEALTH AND WELL- BEING
AND MORE SPECIFICALLY, THE ABILITY TO
PERFORM ASPECTS OF SPORTS OR OCCUPATIONS

IS GENERALLY ACHIEVED THROUGH CORRECT


NUTRITION, MODERATE-VIGOROUS PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY, EXERCISE AND REST
• BEFORE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION:
FITNESS WAS THE CAVACITY TO CARRY OUT THE
DAY’S ACTIVITIES WITHOUT UNDUE FATIGUE

• DENGAN AUTOMATION:
THE BODY ABILITY TO FUNCTION EFFICIENTLY
AND EFFECTIVELY IN WORK AND LEISURE
ACTIVITIES, TO BE HEALTHY, TO RESIST
HYPOKINETICS DISEASES, AND TO MEET
EMERGENCY STUATIONS.
• ADALAH DERAJAT DINAMIS SESEORANG YG
MERUPAKAN KEMAMPUAN JASMANI YG
MENJADI DASAR UNTUK KEBERHASILAN
PELAKSANAAN TUGAS YG HARUS
DILAKSANAKAN

• KEMAMPUAN FISIK SESEORANG UNTUK


MELAKUKAN TUGAS SEHARI-HARI TANPA
KELELAHAN YANG BERARTI
PHYSICAL FITNESS
• KECOCOKAN / KESESUAIAN JASMANI :
KESESUAIAN FISIK DG TUGAS (TUGAS FISIK) YG
DILAKSANAKAN, SHG DAPAT DILAKSANAKAN
DG BAIK

• PHYSICAL FITNESS FOR WHAT?


– ATELET
– PEKERJA FISIK
– PEKERJA KANTOR
– DSB
PHYSICAL FITNESS
• ADA DUA JENIS:
• GENERAL FITNESS:
– a state of health and well-being

• SPECIPICS FITNESS:
– the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or
occupations
ISTILAH LAIN UNTUK
KEBUGARAAN JASMANI

• PHYSICAL FITNESS

• KESEGARAN JASMANI

• KESANGGUPAN JASMANI

• KESAMAPTAAN JASMANI
SYARAT-SYARAT FISIK
• ANATOMIS (STRUCTURAL) FITNESS:
• BERKAITAN DG MASALAH-MASALAJ ANATOMI
SPT TB, BB, KELENGKAPAN ANGGOTA BADAN,
UKURAN BAGIAN TUBUH DSB.

• FISIOLOGIS (FUNCTIONAL FITNESS):


• FUNGSI ALAT TUBUH, BEBAN FISIK, KONDISI
LINGKUNGAN, DSB
FROM PHYSIOLOGICAL POINT OF VIEW
• PHYSICAL FITNESS IS THE FUNCTION CAVACITY
OF ALL ORGAN OR SYSTEM IN THE HUMAN BODY

• FUNCTION CAVACITY OF:


– MUCLE, RESPIRASTION, CARDIOVASCULAR,
METABOLIC , KIDNEY, BRAIN, SKIN, SPECIAL SENCES,
ECT.
– CARDIOESPIRATORY, MUSCULOSKELETAL,
METABOLISM, SCRETORY, CENTRAL AND AUTONOMIC
NERVE, ENDOCREN, ECT.
STATIC CONDITION
• WHAT THE GENERAL CONDITION

• BREATHING FREKUENTION

• HEART RATE

• BLOOD PRESSURE

• BODY TEMPERATURE

• NERVE COORDINATION

• ECT
DYNAMIC CONDITION
• CARDIOVASCULER FUNCTION
• REPIRATORY FUNCTION
• CARDIORESPIRATORY ENDURANCE
• MUSCLE POWER, STRENGHT
• REACTION TIME
• NERVE COORDINATION
• ECT.
MUST BE REMMEMBER
• WHEN YOU THINK OF A PERSON WHO IS
VERY PHYSICALLY FIT WHO DO YOU SEE?
– An ultra-marathoner,
–a sprinter,
–a weightlifter,
–a gymnast,
–a professional football player,
–or maybe a guy on the beach with a six-
pack?
WHAT COMPONENT
OF PHYSICAL FITNESS ?
Component of physical fitness
PHYSIOLOGICAL HEALTH RELATED SKILL RELATED SPORT

Metabolic Body composition Agility Team sport

Morphological Cv fitness Balance Individual

Bone intergrity flexibility coordinations Lifetime

Others endurance Power Others

Muscle strenght Speed

Reaction time

Others
BODY COMPOTITION
-relative amount of fat,
- muscle,
- bone,
- and other vital parts of
the body.

-Measurement:
- kin fold calipers,
STRENGTH
• The ability of a
muscle group to
exert force

• Measurement:
- squat,
- bench press
- ect
CARDIOVASCULAR FITNESS
The ability of the
circulatory systems
and respiratory
systems to supply
oxygen during
sustained physical
activity.

measurement:
Vo2 max, aerobic test
FLLEXIBILITY

The range of motion


at a joint

Measurement:
-Sit and reach test,
-shoulder reach etc.
MUSCULAR ENDURANCE
The ability of muscles to
continue to perform
repeated contractions
against submaximal
resistance.

MEASUREMENT:
-push-ups,
- sit-ups,
- pull-ups,
- ect.
AGILITY
The ability to rapidly
change the position
of the entire body in
time and space with
speed and accuracy.

Measurement:
- Shuttle run,
- zig zag run test
PART OF AGILITY
• Accuracy – This is partly covered by the
definition of agility, but accuracy refers to the
ability to control movement in a given
direction at a given intensity

• Reaction Time – Also closely related to agility,


is defined as the time elapsed between
stimulation and the beginning of the reaction
to it. Essential in times of emergencies
BALANCE
The ability to maintain
equilibrium while
moving, or stationary

Measurement:
Balance tests can be
dynamic or static.
COORDINATION
The ability to use the
senses, such as sight and
hearing, together with
body parts in performing
motor tasks smoothly
and accurately

Measurement:
juggling, dribbling a ball,
or hitting an object.
POWER

The ability of muscular unit or


a combination of muscular
units to apply maximum force
in minimum time
The components of power are
strength and speed.

Measurement:
- vertical jump,
- to sprint up a staircase.
SPEED
The ability to perform a
movement within a
short period of time

Measurement:
-running,
-swimming,
- speed of hand, or foot
movement.
IMPROVE YOUR PHYSICAL FITNESS
• EXERCISE : CONTINUOUS, REGULARLY,
MINIMUM 3 TIME A WEEK, FOR 30 MINUTE,
INTENCITY MINIMUM 60% OF SUBMAXIMAL HR

• MAXIMAL HR: MALE : 220 – EAGE


• FEMALE: 200 – EAGE

• SUBMAXIMAL HR : 80 % X MAXIMAL HR
KIND OR EXCERCISE
• AEROBIC : RANING, JOGING, WALKING,

• MANY KIND OF SPORT: FOOTBAL, FOLLYBALL,


BADMINTON, ECT

• YOGA : POWER YOGA

• PHYSICAL WORK
REMMEMBER
• GOOD NUTRITION

• REST (SLEEP)

• DRINK WATER
WORKING HOURS AND REST PAUSE
JAM KERJA, JAM ISTIRAHAT DAN
KECELAKAAN KERJA

60 lantas
kec.kerja
40

20

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