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Application of Anti-corona products

Slot portion End windings


 

antcor34 / 1 Copyright of VRI


Corona protection in the slot section of
High Voltage Machines

Conductive layer
Air

Insulation

Copper Conductor

antcor34 / 2 Copyright of VRI


Anti-corona products

 Used at rated voltage above 5 kV

 Conductive paint and tapes


 resistance will change during processing

 Final resistance value should be 0.5 - 10 kilohm/sq

 Conductive fleece 215.55 can be used for both VPI


and resin-rich applications

antcor34 / 3 Copyright of VRI


Conductive paint and tape

 Conductive tape 215.55

 thickness 0.085 mm

 surface resistivity 200- 400 ohm/sq as supplied

 Conductive paint type 8003

 Development of glass-based materials for class H


applications

antcor34 / 4 Copyright of VRI


Slot packing materials

 Conductive packing materials

 Rigid conductive G11 laminate 432.10

 Flexible conductive slot liner 215.63

 Conductive ripple springs 92.200

antcor34 / 5 Copyright of VRI


Cross section of slot contents of HV rotating machine

Vetronite or Delmat
or
Vetroferrit (Magnetic Vetronite)

Conductive liner 215.63

Conductive Vetronite
432.10

antcor34 / 6 Copyright of VRI


Application of Anti-corona products

Support finger
Support finger

Overlap 20-30mm
Core plate
Core plate
Overlap 20-30 mm

Stress grading material


Stress grading material

Conductive layer
Conductive layer

antcor34 / 7 Copyright of VRI


Mechanism of breakdown of air on
the surface of stator coils
Voltage on stator coil surface with uncontrolled
capacitance distribution
Breakdown voltage of air

VOLTAGE ON COPPER CONDUCTOR


Voltage

Voltage on stator coil surface with


resistance controlled distribution

End of core Distance along stator coil surface


antcor34 / 8 Copyright of VRI
Stress Grading tapes

Varnish Made from individual Made from full width Degree


woven tapes material and slit to tapes of cure

8001 217.01, 0.22mm 217.21, 0.22mm B-stage


22mm wide 20 or 25mm wide

8002 217.02, 0.22mm 217.22, 0.22mm B-stage


22mm wide 20 or 25mm wide

217.13, 0.25mm 217.31, 0.25mm C-stage


20mm wide 20 or 25mm wide

antcor34 / 9 Copyright of VRI


Stress grading paints and tape

Stress grading tapes

 Will affect tan delta values

 Use 217.31 for VPI or 217.21 cured before impregnation

 Use 217.21 for resin-rich applications

Stress grading paints 8001 / 8002

Development of glass-based materials for class H

antcor34 / 10 Copyright of VRI


Importance of correct application of stress
grading tape

Not tightly enough taped

Taped correctly

antcor34 / 11 Copyright of VRI


Measuring arrangement for stress grading tapes

Measuring electrodes

Insulating tube Circumference - 125mm

Stress grading layer (tape)

antcor34 / 12 Copyright of VRI


Voltage - current characteristics for three
stress grading tapes

Measured with VRI standard testing method

Type A Type B
Current

Type C

Voltage
A= 217.02/217.22
B= 217.31
C= 217.01/217.21

antcor34 / 13 Copyright of VRI


Voltage distribution along
“coil overhangs”
Applied voltage : 30 kV
30 Stress grading length : 20 cm

25

20

15

10

0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24
Length, cm
type A type B type C without stress grading

antcor34 / 14 Copyright of VRI


Influence of stress grading tapes on
loss angle measurements
tan
10d %
9
8
7 A
A BB
6
5
C
4 C
3
2
D
D
1
0
0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 kV

A - bars with stress grading type A


B - bar with stress grading type B
C - bar with stress grading type C
D - Same bar - "slot portion" only with guard electrodes

antcor34 / 15 Copyright of VRI


Position of Anti-corona product

L (cm) = Maximum test voltage of coil (kV)


2

e.g. for 11kV coil say max test voltage = 2 x 11kV + 1 = 23kV

23
L = 2 = 11.5cm

antcor34 / 16 Copyright of VRI


Key points when using anti-corona tapes

Conductive materials - resistivity should be 200-5000


ohm/sq as received
- resistivity should be max
10,000 ohm/sq after processing
- conductive coating should be
to OUTERMOST EARTH POINT

Stress grading materials - must overlap conductive


materials by 20 - 30 mm
- must be applied carefully
- length in cm is max. test
voltage (kV) ÷ 2
- best results when layers of
tape are compressed

antcor34 / 17 Copyright of VRI