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# Sample Problems in FM

## An FM modulator has a frequency

deviation sensitivity of 5 kHz/V and
modulating signal vm(t) = 2cos(4000π)t.
Calculate the peak frequency
deviation and modulation index.

##  Note: The amount of frequency shift is

proportional to the amplitude of the
modulating signal.
A PM modulator has a phase
deviation sensitivity of 2.5 rad/V and
modulating signal vm(t) = 2cos(4000π)t.
Calculate the peak phase deviation
and modulation index.

##  Note: The amount of phase shift is

proportional to the amplitude of the
modulating signal.
 mp = Φmax
A phase modulator has kp = 2 rad/v.
What RMS voltage of a sinewave
should cause a peak phase deviation
of 30 degrees?
What is the frequency swing of an
modulated 80%?
Calculate the frequency deviation
and percent of modulation under FCC
standards for a given modulating
signal that produces 100 kHz carrier
swing.
A modulation frequency range from
30 to 15,000 Hz is permitted in an FM
system, together with a maximum
deviation of 50 kHz. What will be the
minimum and maximum possible
values of the modulation index in this
system?
Find the carrier and modulating
frequencies, the modulation index
and the maximum deviation of the
FM wave represented by the voltage
equation, v = 12 sin (6x108t + 5 sin 1250t).
What power will this FM wave
dissipate in a 10-Ω resistor?
When the modulating frequency in
an FM system is 400 Hz and the
modulating voltage is 2.4 V, the
modulation index is 60. Calculate the
maximum deviation. What is the
modulation index when the
modulating frequency is reduced to
250 Hz while the modulating voltage
is simultaneously raised to 3.2 V?
In an FM system, when the audio
frequency is 500 Hz and the audio
frequency voltage is 2.4 V, the
deviation is 4.8 kHz. If the AF
voltage is now increased to 7.2 V,
what is the new deviation? If the AF
voltage is raised to 10 V while the AF
is dropped to 200 Hz, what is the
deviation? Find the modulation index
in each case.
The equation of an angle modulated
wave is v = 15 sin (3x108t + 20 sin 2000t)
volts. Calculate the maximum
deviation. Rewrite this equation if
the modulating frequency is halved,
but all else remain constant.
An 88.3 MHz FM carrier signal has a 12-V
amplitude when modulated by a 2cos 600πt
signal. This produces a 1.2 kHz deviation.
a. Write the corresponding FM
equation.
b. Compute the required system
bandwidth.
c. What is the power dissipated in an