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Modern College of Engineering, Pune – 05

Department of Mechanical Engineering

A Project Stage-I on

High Speed Drill Machine


Employing Air Bearings

Presented By
BHAVESH R. CHAUDHARI B120310825
SAGAR R. DHAMANI B120310840
SHUBHAM D. GATADE B120310851
PIYUSH S. PANDIT B120310940
Guided By

Prof.G.S.Mahajan

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Introduction

• Micro-drilling can be defined as the creation of very


small holes 0.5 millimeters or less in a suitable
material.
• Air bearings are bearings that use a thin film of
pressurized air to provide exceedingly low friction
load-bearing interface between surfaces.
• Our aim is to design a drilling machine that would be
capable of drilling small holes at a higher speed with
low power consumption.

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Literature Review
Author Research Paper Conclusion

Christopher Müller*a, A finite element analysis of air In this paper, a simulation procedure to evaluate the
Sebastian Grecoa, bearings applied in compact air design of aerostatic bearings for the use in compact high-
Benjamin Kirscha, Jan bearing spindles speed spindles for micro machining applications was
C. Auricha presented.
MdIrfan Dr. Syed Analysis of Stresses in Microdrills By examining the Analysis result it is clear that the drill
Nawazish Mehdi , Dr N. with lower stresses experience a longer life before
Seetharamaiah, S. Irfan breakage. Lesser point angle gives less stress distribution.
Sadaq , Md. Abdul
Raheem Junaid
G. Belforte, F. Colombo, High Speed Rotors on Gas Bearings This paper investigated four prototypes i.e. completely
T. Raparelli, A. Trivella Design and Experimental pneumatic spindle, an electro-spindle designed for
and V. Viktorov Characterization machine tools, a rotor for textile applications and a
mesoscopic spindle devoted to high precision machining
of micro-parts at very high speeds of high speed spindles
and rotors supported by gas bearings.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017
Problem Definition
*Heavy
*Bulky
*Expensive
*Limited speed –limited drill hole
size
*High power consumption
*Require maintenance
*Noisy
*Not suitable for batch production
Objectives

• To drill micro holes at low cost.


• To synthesize a maintenance free drill
machine.
• To get greater precision holes of accurate size
with the use of air bearing.
• To develop a noiseless, light weight, portable
drill machine.

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Air Bearing

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Working Principle
Working of Drill machine

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Scope of the Project

• A zero-wear technology is a perfect answer to


the seemingly unlimited cycles of high speed
machines.
• This machine could reach speed upto 100000
rpm of rotation and will be used for drilling
micro holes (i.e.for aluminium as for drilling
0.2 mm drill we need 40000 rpm.)

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Methodology

Literature Problem Objective Analytical


Survey Defination Defination Calculation

Experimentation Manufacturing Simulation Work Design

Results Conclusion Future Scope

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Experimental Work

• While designing we are considered different


considerations like aesthetic consideration, ergonomics
consideration, feasibility in manufacturing ,strength
considerations and optimum deign:-
• Material Selected- Acrylic bar
• Size of drill- 0.2 to 1.5mm
• Cutting torque - 0.003854 N-m
• Cutting Thrust - 6.11020 N
• Cutting Speed - 40,000 rpm
• Review Through Strength

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


DESIGN

COMPONENTS -Rotor Shaft

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


FRONT CASING

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


REAR CASING

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


LID

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ASSEMBLY

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


ADVANTAGES

• ALMOST ZERO FRICTION AND WEAR


• HIGHER PRECESION HOLES
• EASILY ASSEMBLED AND DISMANTLED
• NO FIRE HAZARDS
• LESS MAINTENANCE
• SMALL HOLES CAN DRILLED

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


APPLICATIONS

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Activity Chart

Project Schedule
Name of Student Bhavesh,Sagar,Shubham and Piyush Project Guide Prof. G.S.Mahajan
Project Period September17 - April 18
Project Title
High Speed Drill Machine Employing Air Bearings College name PESMCOE, Pune
Sr. No. Activity/ Schedule September-17 Occtober 7 November-17 December-17 January-18 Febuary 18 March-18 April-18
1 Literaturer Survey
2 Project Identification
3 Project Literature Study
Field Work
4 Design stage
5 Design Analysis
6 Material Procurement
7 Manufacturing Stage
8 Fabrication of Assembly
9 Trials & Trouble Shooting
10 Testing
11 Conclusion
12 Report Preparation
13 Project Presentation

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Plan for Future Work

• November –December : Analysis of Design


• January-February : Manufacturing
• March : Testing

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


Conclusion

• Until now we have successfully completed the


design of prototype on solid works
considering all the aspects from research
papers and design data book.
• Further we are planning to check the design in
Ansys and we are working on it and some
changes could be implemented if the design is
not safe.

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


References

1)J.C. Aurich, J. Engmann, G.M. Sch¨uler, R. Haberland: Micro grinding tool


for manufacture of comlex structures in brittle materials. CIRP Annals -
Manufacturing Technology 58/1 (2009): pp. 311-314.

2)Licht, L., Fuller, D. D., Stemlicht, B., “Self-Excited Vibrations of an Air-


Lubricated Thrust Bearing”, Transactions of ASME, Vol. 80, 1958, pp.411-414.

3)WWW. WESTWINDTURBINE .COM

4)MACHINE DESIGN.-J. E. SHIGLEY

5)http://www.hydraulicspneumatics.com/200/TechZone/FluidPowerAcces/Ar
ticle/False/6422/TechZone-FluidPowerAcces

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017


THANK YOU!!!

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 2017