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Department Of Technical Education

Andhra Pradesh
Name : Ch Jyothi
Designation : Senior Lecturer
Branch : Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Institute : Government Polytechnic, Proddatur
Year/Semester : IV Semester
Subject : A C Machines I
Code No : EE402
Topic : Single Phase Transformers
Duration : 50 Minutes
Sub Topic : Classification of Transformers
Teaching Aids : Photos & Diagrams
Revised by : D.Linga Reddy, HEES J.N.Govt.polytechnic, Hyd
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Recap
Can you recollect what we have learnt in last
period

• Introduction to transformer

• Working principle of transformer

• Features of transformer

• Step-up transformer

• Step-down transfer 9EE402.3


Objective
On completion of this period, you should be
able to
• Classify transformers based on various factors such as
number of phases, construction and function, no. of
windings, type of cooling.

• Based on location

• Based on rating

• Based on frequency

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Classification of Transformers
Transformers are classified
based upon Number of Phases

• Single Phase Transformers

• Poly-Phase Transformers
a) 2-phase Transformers
b)3-Phase Transformers

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Classification of Transformers contd..
Based on construction
1. Core -type 2. Shell -type

3 Berry type

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Classification of Transformers contd..
Based on Function

I) Power transformer
• Setup up transformer
• Step down transformer

II) Distribution transformer is


always step down

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Classification of Transformers contd…
Based on function
III) Instrument transformers

• Current transformers

• Potential transformers

IV) Welding transformers

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Classification of
Transformers contd…
Based on Number of windings

• Single winding transformer Single winding T/f


(Auto transformer)

• Multi winding transformer

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Multi winding T/f
Classification of
Transformers contd..
Based on Type of cooling

I) Air cooled transformers

• Natural air cooled


transformer

• Forced air cooled transformer

• Induced air cooled


transformer

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Classification of
Transformers

Types of cooling contd..


II) Oil cooled transformer
• Oil-filled natural or self cooled
transformer

• Oil-filled forced air cooled


transformer

• Oil-filled forced water cooled


transformer

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Classification of
Transformers Based on
Location Contd..

• Indoor transformer
• Outdoor transformer

Based on Rating
• Low rating transformer
• Medium rating
transformer
• High rating transformer

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Classification Of
Transformers contd..

Based on Frequency
• Low frequency or power
frequency or audio
frequency frequency 50
Hz

• High frequency
transformer, pulse
transformer, radio
frequency etc

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Why Transformer Works on AC Supply only ?

• Electro magnetic induction

What happens when a transformer is connected to a


DC supply ?

• The flux produced by DC supply does not vary but


remains constant in magnitude
• As flux remains constant no e.m.f is induced in the
primary and secondary

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• As there is no self induced e.m.f in the primary winding to
oppose the applied voltage

• A heavy current will flow through the primary winding

• And this large current will result in the damage of the


winding

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Summary
we have discussed about

Classification of Transformer based on


various factors like

• Number of phases

• Construction

• Function

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Summary contd..

• Number of winding
• Type of cooling
• Location
• Rating
• Frequency
• Reasons for working transformer on a.c. supply only

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Quiz

1) Based on construction, transformers are classified


into

a) Core type , Shell type, Berry type

b) Single phase, Three phase

c) Either (a) or (b)

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Quiz

2) Based on No. of phases transformers are classified


into

a) Core type

b) Shell type

c) Single phase and Poly phase

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Quiz

3) Distribution transformers are


always step-down transformers

a) True

b) False

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Quiz

4) Transformers works on a.c. supply only

a) True

b) False

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Frequently Asked Questions

1) Classify the transformers based on various factors

2) Give reasons for working of transformers on a.c.


supply only

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