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Oral Health Care

• Academic supervisor:
Prof. Dr. Muna Abdul Wahab Khaleel
• By PhD. Student:
Mansour Abdullah Falah
Introduction
Oral health or mouth and tooth is a
window into the health of your body. It
can show signs of nutritional deficiencies
or general infection , those that affect the
entire body.
Fact:
Tooth decay (cavities) is one of the
most common chronic conditions of
childhood in the United States. Untreated
tooth decay can cause pain and infections
that may lead to problems with eating,
speaking, playing, and learning.
Why it is important to have good oral
health:
1. prevent gum disease and tooth decay.
2. help to keep your mouth healthy.
3. Prevent bad odor in the mouth.
4. May be prevent heart disease, stroke,
respiratory diseases and pregnancy
complications.
Eight Common Oral Infections:
Oral bacteria can cause viruses, tooth decay,
gum disease and other common mouth
infections in both children and adults. Some of
these infections are preventable with good oral
hygiene, Some of which can not be prevented
and continue for a long time, These are some
common diseases:
1.Dental Caries
2.Gingivitis
3.Periodontal Disease
4.Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease
5.Herpangina
6.Thrush
7.Canker Sores
8.Oral Herpes
1. Dental Caries:
Dental caries is the primary
result of tooth decay, and one
of the most common oral
infections out there.
2. Gingivitis
A variety of bacteria cause
gingivitis ,when they settle in
the gum's crevices, these
bacteria produce toxins.
3. Periodontal Disease
Gingivitis that spreads
below the gum line and affect
the bone and supporting tissues
which can cause periodontal
disease to occur.
4.Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease:
Toddlers and school-aged children are most
likely to develop hand, foot and mouth disease,
after one to two days of sore throat and fever,
slightly painful blisters can appear inside the
cheeks and the tongue, as well as on the palms,
soles and buttocks. Fortunately, the infection
often disappears within three days.
5. Herpangina:
A disease related to hand, foot
and mouth disease, herpangina
most frequently infects children
aged 3 to 10 during the summer
and fall.
6. Thrush
An overgrowth of the
naturally occurring
"Candida albicans" fungus
causes thrush.
7. Canker Sores
lesions that form on
the gums and other
mouth tissues.
8. Oral Herpes
Oral herpes is an infection
caused by the herpes simplex
virus, and between 50 and 80
percent of adults in the U.S.
Prevention:
Brushing twice a day with a fluoride
toothpaste and flossing once a day, both
help to prevent tooth decay, gum disease
and periodontal disease. With this routine
in tow, your dentist or doctor can help
treat other oral infections as needed.
What Parents and Caregivers Can Do?
Here are some things you can do to ensure good oral health :
1. Protect your child's teeth with fluoride.
2. If your drinking water is not fluoridated, ask your dentist, family doctor, or
pediatrician if your child needs oral fluoride supplements, like drops, tablets, or
lozenges.
3. Talk to your child's dentist about dental sealants. Sealants protect teeth from
decay.
4. Have your child visit a dentist for a first checkup by age 1 year, as
recommended.
5. For adults used Cleaning teeth by dental floss, mouthwash and Use a
toothpick(Meswak)
6. Do not use other toothbrushes.
7. Change the toothbrush every three months as a maximum.
8. When you get a mouth disease and then recover from it, you must change the
toothbrush because it is considered contaminated.