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SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON

NETWORK

The role of an IT
(Information Technology) Professional

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COMPETENCE MAPING

Dasar Kejuruan Level I ( Kelas X ) Level II ( Kelas XI ) Level III ( Kelas XII )
1 2 3
Merakit Personal Menerapkan teknik elektronika Melakukan instalasi perangkat Melakukan instalasi perangkat
Komputer analog dan digital dasar jaringan lokal (Local Area jaringan berbasis luas (Wide Area
Network) Network)

Melakukan instalasi Menerapkan fungsi Mendiagnosis permasalahan Mendiagnosis permasalahan perangkat


pengoperasian PC yang yang tersambung jaringan berbasis luas
sistem operasi dasar peripheral dan instalasi PC (Wide Area Network)
tersambung jaringangnosis

Menerapkan K 3 LH Mendiagnosis permasalahan Melakukan perbaikan dan/ atau Membuat desain sistem
pengoperasian PC dan setting ulang koneksi jaringan keamanan jaringan
periferal an

Melakukan perbaikan dan/ Melakukan instalasi sistem operasi


Klik
Melakukan perbaikan dan/ atau setting
jaringan berbasis GUI (Graphical User ulang koneksi jaringan berbasis luas
atau setting ulang sistem PC Interface) dan Text
Dis (Wide Area Network)

ini Mengadministrasi server


Melakukan perbaikan periferal Mengadministrasi server
dalam jaringan
dalam jaringan

Melakukan perawatan PC
Merancang bangun dan
menganalisa Wide Area
Network
Melakukan instalasi sistem operasi
berbasis graphical user interface (GUI) Merancang web data base
dan command line interface (CLI)
untuk content server

Melakukan instalasi software

Lulus
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The role of an IT (Information
Technology) Professional

 Networks are no longer a luxury, but a requirement to


keep the organization running.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Evolution of Networking

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Explanation
Server administration on network is a work form
conducted by network administrator having duty to make
server, managing tied on network is server, monitoring
network, as well as protecting the transfer of data in
network.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Step by Step Conducted Administrator
 Chosening aplication for server,
 Chosening operating system for network,
 Chosening component for server,
 Specifying the specification of server,
 Develop and configuraton of server.
 Testing server,
 Monitoring network performance.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

CHOSENING APLICATION FOR SERVER

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Target Activity of Study.

1. Participant of diklat can determine


application to be run server.

2. Participant of diklat can know application


functions.

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Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Application used by server to run network
for example :
a. DNS
b. DHCP
c. FTP
d. Web Server
e. Mail Server
f. Samba
g. Proxy

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

CHOSENING OPERATION SYSTEM


FOR NETWORK

HOME
Target Activity of Study
1. Participant of diklat can determine
operating system server used.

2. Participant of diklat can chosen operating


system for server.

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Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Operating system which often used in a network is
Microsoft Windows, Linux, Unix, dan Apple Macintosh.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


But to be is this we will make a network of server use
operating system of LINUX,

Why choosen operating system of linux ?


• Linux have the character of freeware / shareware,
• We don’t require license if installation of linux,
• We earn to determine application of we installation at
server we which have make, etc.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

CHOSENING COMPONENT FOR SERVER

HOME
Target Activity of Study
1. Participant of diklat can determine
components to be server used.

2. Participant of diklat can know components


functions.

HOME

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


If we make a server which incircuit with a network hence us
need network appliance among others :
 HUB
 NIC

 Server Computer

 Switch

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


 Cabel complete with conektor
1. Chopper  Coaxial, Twisted Pair (UTP, STP)
2. Fiber Optic

 CD operating system of server

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

SPECIFYING THE SPECIFICATION OF SERVER

HOME
Target Activity of Study
1. Participant of diklat can determine the
specification of computer server.

2. Participant of diklat can know minimum


specification which required for network.

HOME

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


We will make server use red hat linux, hence minimal
specification which we need is :

No. Name of Material Picture

1 Motherboard

2 Casing

3 Monitor

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


4 Mouse

5 Keyboard

6 Processor

7 Memory

8 Hard Disk Drive

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


9 CD-Rom

10 NIC

11 Cables and connectors

12 Hub

13 Switch

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

DEVELOP AND CONFIGURATION OF SERVER

HOME
Target Activity of Study.

1. Participant of diklat can develop and


configuraton of server.

2. Participant of diklat can do installation of


operating system and application server.

HOME

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


After we finish to determine specification and component
of server, step here in after to develop and configuraton of
server.
But before developing and configuraton of server, we
beforehand have to string up all component of server
specification and which have been prepared.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


After all component have been connected, hence step
here in after we have to its operating system installation that
is linux red hat.
Do installation of linux red hat till finish and do
accurately so that its system don’t experience of damage or
error.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


After installation of operating system of Red hat finish,
hence step here in after is application installation required
by server. Application we to install among others :

A. DNS (Domain Name Server)


That is representing system in form of distribution
database to map / converting the name of host / machine /
domain to address of IP (Internet Protocol) conversely
from address of IP to name of host is so-called with
reverse-mapping, or is easier of DNS used to remember
the name of than address of IP.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Files which need configuraton in DNS for example :

Address File
 named.conf on /etc
 named.ca on /var/named
 named.local on /var/named

If we like to make master of server hence there must be :


 file zone -> mapping from name to IP
 file reverse zone -> mapping from IP to name

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


DNS System working
(Domain Name Server)

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


B. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
That is DHCP used to give IP at client automatically which
possible some server walk in network, with note of range IP every
server there may not be any which overlap.

Especialy Configuraton file of DHCP Server in


etc/dhcp3/dhcpd.conf
Configuration example :
option domain-name "test1.com";
option domain-name-servers 192.0.0.1, 194.2.0.50;
option routers 192.0.0.151;
default-lease-time 3600;
subnet 192.0.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
range 192.0.0.200 192.0.0.254;
}
Modul 17 Server Administration on network
DHCP System working
(Domain Host Configuration Protocol)
DHCP Discover
UDP Broadcast

DHCP Offer
UDP Broadcast

DHCP Request

DHCP Ack
DHCP server
MAC:
MAC: x:x:x:x:x:x
x:x:x:x:x:x
IP
IP : : ?? IP
IPAddress
Address IP
IP11
Gateway
Gateway IP
IP IP22
IPservers
servers IP
IP33
Option
Optionlainnya…
lainnya…

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


C. FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
That is One of the provided by application
server in network giving service in the form of delivery
an file to other PC or to PC client.

File configuraton of vsftpd.conf which in


directory /etc/, eliminating sign # at some existing
script to be able to run server ftp.
FTP System working (File Transfer Protocol)

client server
Modul 17 Server Administration on network
D. Web Server
That is application provided by server to be client can
access server in the form of page of html.
File configuraton of apache2.conf which in directory
/etc / apache2/, change and searching some script to be able
to walk service of apache2.
ServerRoot  Root from apache2
Listen  Port http:// (usually 80)
DocumentRoot  Document location HTML
Users  apache will be run as user and group
ServerName  assign Name server
ServerAdmin  email address admin
DirectoryIndex  file default to be run
Modul 17 Server Administration on network
Web server System Working

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


E. Mail Server
That is application provided by server to be client can
communicate with server and or between client in the form of
containing electrical letter of text and or animation.

How e-mail delivered?

LAN MTA
Internet
Internet
LAN
MUA MUA
Sender Recipient

MTA
• MUA = Mail User Agent, aka Mail Client
• MTA = Mail Transport Agent, aka Mail Server

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


F. Samba
That is application used to connect server wearing
operating system of Linux with computer of client
wearing operating system besides linux, like or windows
of Apple Macintosh.
Install Packages of samba among others:
rpm –qa | grep samba
samba-2.2.7a-8.9.0
samba-swat-2.2.7a-8.9.0
samba-common-2.2.7a-8.9.0
samba-client-2.2.7a-8.9.0
Modul 17 Server Administration on network
After all package installation of samba finish, hence which need
configuraton us :
#mv /etc/samba/smb.conf smb.org.conf
# vi /etc/samba/smb.conf
delete all existing article change article to following :
# ------------------------------------------------------
# Test smb.conf file
# mawi 2003-07-28
# ------------------------------------------------------
[global]
workgroup = TESTSAMBA-GRP
netbios name = TESTSAMBA
security = SHARE
[test]
path = /tmp/test
read only = no
guest ok = yes
Modul 17 Server Administration on network
G. proxy
That is Proxy represent third party standing in
the centre of among both side ( Server-Client) which
interaction and function as medium.
File configuraton /etc/squid/squid.conf
http_port  determining squid will walk in port how
many or will walk in Ip how many and port
how many
Example :
– http_port 192.168.0.1:8080 (jalan di IP 192.168.0.1 di
port 8080)
– http_port 8080 (jalan di sembarang IP di port 8080)

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Ilustration of Samba working

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

TESTING SERVER

HOME
Target Activity of Study

1. Participant of diklat can test result of


installation server.

2. Participant of diklat can connect server


with computer clients

HOME

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


After all application installation finish and walk better
hence step here in after we test result of application
settings.
Examination steps :
 Joint computer of server with switch with fiber optic
cable
 Joint computer of clients with switch with UTP cable
 Test connection among server with client
 Test client all provided by application server
through computer of client.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Example of
CISCO Router
Using acl
, block malware
from outside

INTERNET connection
All Server in DMZ
Manage using SSH, -GTW
ROUTER
Secure Webmin

PROXY(Squid) FIREWALL -IDS


All access to Internet Linux bridge, iptables
must through Proxy FIREWALL shorewall
, snort, Managable Switchs

DMZ
portsentry
, acidlab Block unwanted user from, port
manage from WEB

SQL Database (MySQL)


Access only from
localhost(127.0.0.1) MULTILAYER
SWITCH
L3 Switch
Block malware on
physical port from inside
network

E-MAIL WWW PROXY NOC , EMPLOYEE


LECTURER
DOMAIN
Traffic Monitoring
CACTI
Http://noc.eepis-its.edu
E-Mail server
HTTPS , SPAM EEPISHOTSPOT
(Spamassassin), Virus Access from wifi
, signal
Scanner(ClamAV ) only in EEPIS campus
Authentication from
Proxy
FILESERVER
EIS
STUDENTS Internal Server
EEPIS -INFORMATION SYSTEM
(EIS http ://eis.eepis-its.edu)
Http://fileserver .eepis-its.edu
EEPISHOTSPOT

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


SERVER ADMINISTRATION ON
NETWORK

MONITORING NETWORK PERFOMANCE

HOME
Target Activity of Study
1. Participant of diklat can monitor network
performance which have been made.

2. Participant of diklat can use application to


be used to monitor network.

HOME

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


We earn to monitor network performance use a
application, like application. CNC / NAGIOS AND CACTI
NETWORK MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING SYSTEMS.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


Problem & Duty
Question
1. What have to be done first time in Administration of
Server in network ?
2. Any kind of performed within administration of server in
network ?
Duty
1. Make administration of server use different operating
system as well as aplkasi to be used to monitor
different network performance.

Modul 17 Server Administration on network


REFERENCES
Dikmenjur,2004,mengadministrasi server dalam
jaringan,modul TKJ,Dikmenjur,Jakarta.

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Modul 17 Server Administration on network


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Modul 17 Server Administration on network