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PROKON

COLUMN DESIGN (C13) & SLOPE ANALYSIS (E01)

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CONTENTS

1. General Intro of Prokon


2. General Column Design (C13)
3. Example – Column Design
4. Generalized Slope Analysis (E01)
5. Example – Slope Analysis

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INTRODUCTION
GENERAL INTRO PROKON

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Shimizu Owned Licenses
STEEL DESIGN
• S01 - Member Design for Axial Stress
• S02 - member Design for Combined Stress
CONCRETE DESIGN
• C01 - Continuous Beam/Slab Design
• C04 - Rectangular Slab Panel Design
• C13 - GENERAL COLUMN DESIGN
• C14 - Concrete Retaining Wall Design
• C22 - Concrete Section Design
GEOTECHNICAL ANALYSIS
• E01 - GENERALIZED SLOPE ANALYSIS

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• PROKON® Structural Analysis and Design is a suite of over forty structural analysis,
design and detailing programs
• The software provides quick and reliable answers to everyday structural engineering
problems:
• Frame and finite element analysis
• Steel member design
• Steel connection design
• Geotechnical analysis
• Reinforced and prestressed concrete design
• CAD and reinforced concrete detailing
• Timber member design
• Masonry design
• Other structural applications such as section properties calculation and section
database

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GENERAL COLUMN
DESIGN
C13

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• The column design modules design reinforced concrete columns subjected to axial force and
bi-axial bending moment.
• GenCol is used to design columns of any general shape and hence has a reasonably
intricate input procedure.
• GenCol evaluates the column for the entered reinforcement or calculates a single bardiameter
to be used at each defined bar position.
• Available concrete design codes supported in PROKON.

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INPUT DESIGN CALCSHEETS DETAILING
M-N Curve Interactional
Geometry Input Grouped Design Output Sketch Size to be select
Diagram

Separate Chart for X-axis &


Material Properties Input Data File Column Rebar Schedule
Y-axis

Specifying Bracing And Moment & Reinforcement Link Diameter and Shape
Input
Fixity Conditions for Load Case(s) Code to be select

Design Calculation (Critical Generate the rebar bar


Loads Input Adjust Reinforcement Size
Load Case) bending schedule

Tabular Summary of Design


Select Code
Result (All Load Case)

Column Design Chart

Column Design Charts for


X_Y directions

3D Column Design Chart

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• A column section is entered as one or more shapes or polygons.
INPUT

Shape
Type

Load Case
Material
Properties

Column Section
data indication

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The CODE column under column section is used for categorise the data that follows:
The start of a new polygon. An absolute reference coordinate must be entered in the X/Radius
+
and Y/Angle columns. If you leave either blank, a value of zero is used.
Start of an opening. An absolute reference coordinate must be entered in the X/Radius and

Y/Angle columns.
To enter an arc that continues from the last line or arc. The arc radius and angle are entered in
A the X/Radius and Y/Angle columns respectively. The angle is measured clockwise from the
previous line or arc end point.
B A reinforcement bar with its diameter entered in the X/Radius column.
C A circle with the radius entered in the X/Radius column.
If you enter an 'R' or leave the Code column blank, a line is drawn using relative coordinates,
R
i.e. measured from the previous coordinate.
U To enter an arc at the previous line. The arc radius are entered in the X/Radius.
L Enter an 'L' in the Code column blank to make the following coordinate absolute.

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DESIGN OUTPUT
• The program therefore reverts to basic principles, e.g. strain compatibility and equilibrium, to
analyse columns.
• The following calculations are followed:
• The section properties are calculated and the column slenderness evaluated.
• For a slender column, the additional slenderness moment is calculated and applied
about the weak axis, i.e. axis of lowest second moment of inertia. The output gives the X
and Y-axis components.
• The design moment and axis are determined by taking the 6-146 Column Design vector
sum of the applied and additional moments.
• An iterative solution is obtained using strain compatibility and equilibrium as criteria. The
simplified rectangular stress block given by the codes is used.

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Load Case
DESIGN Selection Cut Section
Selection
Design Chart
Selection
Interaction Diagram

Design Result

Rebar Size reselection

Analysis Outcomes Critical Section


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CALCSHEET
• The column design output can be grouped on a calcsheet for printing or sending to Calcpad.
• The different column design modules allow various settings, including design charts, tabular
design summaries and detailed design calculations.
• Can embed the Data File in the Calcsheet for easy recalling from Calcpad.
CALCSHEETS
Output Setting Option Bar
Output
Setting

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DETAILING / BENDING SCHEDULE
• Reinforcement bending schedules can be generated for designed columns.
• Bending schedules can be edited and printed using Padds.
• Main bar diameters are defined in the initial input. The shape code can be selected for each
individual bar.
• Select a shape code and follow the prompts to indicate the link coordinates.
• Detailing style to use:
• First bar mark: Mark to use for the first main bar. May use any alphanumeric string of up
to five characters, e.g. ’A’, ’01’ or ’A01’. The mark is incremented automatically for
subsequent bars.
• Select a size for the sketch: If A4 is selected, the drawing is scaled to fit on a full page
and the accompanying schedule on a separate page. The A5 selection will scale the
drawing to fit on the same page with the schedule.
• The following additional settings should be made:
• Column continuous
• Starter bars only
• Double links at kinks
Generate bending schedule and editing the arrangement in Padds. Can reset all the
changes in bending schedule by click reset button.
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DETAILING Cut Section
Selection
Sketch
Size
Schedule Link Bar Detailing

Rebar Details

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Example
Column Design

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Summary of design calculations by PROKON:
Interaction Diagram
2200

Moment max = 91.77kNm @ 447 kN


Design table for critical load case: 2000
1800
Moments and Reinf orcement f or LC 1:LL 1600

Top Middle Bottom 1400


1250 kN
1200
Madd-x (kNm) 0.0 0.0 0.0

Axial load (kN)


1000
Madd-y (kNm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 800
?
600
Mx (kNm) 39.5 29.5 0.0
400
My (kNm) 55.3 41.3 -25.0

-90.0
-80.0

-70.0
-60.0
-50.0

-40.0
-30.0
-20.0
-10.0
0.00

10.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
68 kNm 70.0

80.0
90.0
100
200
M-imperf (kNm) 25.0 25.0 25.0
M-design (kNm) 68.0 50.8 25.0 -200
-400
Design axis (°) 54.46 54.46 90.00
-600
Safety factor 1.00 1.14 1.39 -800
Asc (mm²) 1963 1963 1963 Bending moment (kNm)
Percentage 2.60 % 2.60 % 2.60 %
AsNom (mm²) 295 295 295
Prokon use resultant moment to design the section.
Critical load case: LC 1

Design results for all load cases:


Saf ety
Load case Axis N (kN) M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design M (kNm) M' (kNm) f actor

Load case 1 X-X 0.0 25.0 15.0 0.0 39.5


LL 1250.0 Top 68.0 1.001
Y-Y 0.0 35.0 21.0 0.0 55.3

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GENERALIZED SLOPE
ANALYSIS
(E01)

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• Geotechnical Analysis is a collaboration by Prokon Software Consultantants and ARQ
Specialist Engineers.
• The suite comprises a number of modules for analysis stability and determining capacity.

• Slope stability analysis of generalized soil slopes using Bishop's Modified Method (circular
slip surface).
• Input options include:
• Any general slope geometry.
• Multiple layers of materials with differing shear strength properties.
• Material properties defined in terms of shear strength parameters or an undrained shear
strength profile.
• Water pressures defined by phreatic surfaces.
• External loadings
• Soil reinforcement
• Analysis options:
• Analysis for user-defined slip circle.
• Search for the critical minimum factor of safety slip circle.
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• Bishop’s Modified Method is adopting the ratio of mobilizing and resisting moments on
individual slices is used to determine the factor of safety.

• Following are available analysis functions in SlopeBG:

• Reinforced Slopes
• External Loadings
• Uniformly Distributed Load*
• Seismic Loading
• Tension Cracks
• Water In Tension Cracks

• The SlopeBG module has several Analysis type input components:


• Deterministic mode (single valued)
• Probabilistic mode (range of values)

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• Deterministic mode (single valued)
• A single value or best estimate is used to characterise the value of the input variable
and a single valued output, the factor of safety is obtained.
• Generates a single value of the factor of safety (FOS)
• The following analysis modes are available in the deterministic analysis
• Use specified circle
• Find critical circle

• Probabilistic mode (range of values)


• User is presented with choices of distributions which may be used to best reflect the
range of input variables.
• The distribution of the FOS is obtained

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INPUT ANALYSIS CALCSHEETS

General FoS Generated Grouped Design Output

Design Code Failure Circle indicated Output Display selection

Slope Topology

Soil Layer Data

Phreatic Surface

Geotextile Reinforcement

Anchor Topology

Anchor Force Profile

External Load

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• INPUT window features
Analysis
Type Slope Topology
Analysis
Mode General Parameter

Can be input by key in the coordinate or can use MOUSE to draw the slope

Design
Code

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• INPUT window features

Anchor Topology

Soil properties of layer created

Can be input by key in the coordinate or can use MOUSE to draw the anchor

Water Level Anchor Force Profile

Up to 5 force profile points can be input


Can be input by key in the coordinate or can use MOUSE to draw the water line

Geotextile reinforcement
External Load

Can be input by key in the coordinate or can use MOUSE to draw the reinforcement
Line Load or UDL Load can be input or draw by use MAUSE

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• ANALYSIS window features

Factor of Safety

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• CALCSHEETS window features

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Example
Generalized Slope Analysis

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Using the Bishop method of slices, determine the
factor of safety in terms of effective stress for the
slope detailed in Figure for the specified failure
surface. The value of ru is 0.20 and the unit weight of
the soil is 20 kN/m3 and the shear strength
parameters are c′= 0 kN/m2 and φ′ = 33°.

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10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

35.0

40.0

45.0

50.0

55.0

60.0

65.0

70.0

75.0

80.0
0.0

25.0 5.0

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0

-5.0 1
Tangential stress
Number
Normal stress
-10.0

General Parameters Mean Probability Dist. Std. Dev Minimum Maximum Overall Safety Factor : 1.144
Water Density 9.81 Beta 0.001 9.8 9.82 Mobilizing moment : 57077.548
Hor Seismic acc (g) 0 Triangular 0.05 0.15 Resisting moment : 65306.064
Ver Seismic acc (g) 0 Triangular 0.02 0.04
Slip Circle coord X: 20.000 Deterministic
Slip Circle coord Y : 48 Deterministic
Radius 48.000 Deterministic
No. of slices (10-1000) 10

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THANK YOU

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