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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Product Description
MINI-LINK TN, HC, E

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point


Unprotected hop 1+0
Hop

Radio path

Indoor Indoor
Units Units

Terminals

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

System Components

Outdoor part
• Radio and antenna
• Frequency dependent

Indoor part
• Access Module Magazine
• Plug in units
• Traffic dependent

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point


Terminal configuration
Unprotected 1+0

Modem Modem

Traffic Traffic

Protected 1+1

Modem Modem
1. Hardware redundancy for
Modem increased availability Modem
Switch 2. Improved propagation Switch
properties if diversity
Traffic is introduced Traffic

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point Protected Terminal (1+1)


Hot Stand-by

Power Splitter

1 radio channel

1+1 Hot standby


• Improved availability by hardware redundancy
• 1 radio channel
• 1 transmitting is active/site
• Transmitter switch on hardware alarm
• 2 radios receiving/site
• 1 receiver/site selected as active
• Receiver switch on hardware alarm
Tx Rx Tx Rx

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point Protected Terminal


Hot Stand-by and Space Diversity

1 radio channel

1+1 Hot standby and Space diversity


• Hardware availability improvement and
channel arrangement as 1+1 Hot Stand
• Improved radio path performance by receiver
switching on radio propagation alarm
- Multipath fading
- Reflection

TX RX

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point Protected Terminal (1+1)


Working Stand-by and Frequency diversity

Power Splitter

2 radio channels

1+1 Working standby, Frequency diversity


• Improved availability by hardware redundancy
• Improved propagation performance
- Multipath fading
• 2 radio channels
• 2 radios transmitting/site, 2 radios receiving/site
• 1 receiver/site selected as active
• Receiver switch on alarm
Tx Rx - Hardware and propagation alarms
Tx Rx

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point Protected Terminal


Working Stand-by, Frequency and Space Diversity

2 radio channels

1+1 Working standby,


Frequency and space diversity
• Improved availability by hardware redundancy
• “More” improved propagation performance
- Multipath fading
• 2 radio channels
• 2 radios transmitting/site, 2 radios receiving/site
• 1 receiver/site selected as active
TX • Receiver switch on alarm RX
- Hardware and propagation alarms

02/038 13 - LZU 113 307 C 8 MINI-LINK TN, HC, E System Planning


Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point


Radio Units

Radio unit

References
• Technical Information:
MINI-LINK E Technical Description LZT 712 0210
MINI-LINK TN Technical Description LZT 712 0211
MINI-LINK HC Technical Description LZT 712 0050
• Installation Instruction
MINI-LINK Point to point Outdoor Installation Instruction
1/1531-HRA 901 03/1
• Ordering Information
MINI-LINK E, HC, TN Product Catalog LZT 712 0191

02/038 13 - LZU 113 307 C 9 MINI-LINK TN, HC, E System Planning


Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point Outdoor Units


Radio Unit

MINI-LINK Point to point radios


are available:
• In two designs, RAU1 and RAU2
• In Standard and High Power RAU1: E & TN C-QPSK
versions RAU1 L: HC
• In 12 frequency bands [GHz] RAU1 M: E & TN 16QAM
6L, 6U, 7, 8, 13, 15, 18, 23, RAU1 N: Modulation agile
26, 28, 32 and 38

Please refer to the MINI-LINK E, TN and HC Product Catalog


for available frequency bands of respectively radio type

RAU2: E & TN C-QPSK


RAU2 L: HC
RAU2 N: Modulation agile

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Radio Units
Frequency Plan, RAU1 L18

Sub- Duplex Lower sub-band Upper sub-band


bands Tx frequency [MHz] Tx frequency [MHz]
“CD” [MHz] Lower Upper Lower Upper
edge edge edge edge
11/15 1010 17706.5 18009.5 18716.5 19019.5
12/16 1010 17933.5 18236.5 18943.5 19246.5
---
21/25 340 18580 18670 18948 19910
---
31/35 1560 17700 18003 19260 19563

Low band High band


17.7 GHz 19.7 GHz
18/11 18/15

Duplex (1010 MHz)


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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Radio Units
Frequency Plan, RAU1 L18

TX 17755.00 MHz RX
18/11 18/15

Low band radio High band radio

18765.00 MHz

RX TX

17.7 GHz 19.7 GHz


18/11 18/15

Duplex (1010 MHz)


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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Radio Units
Channel Spacing
Sub- Duplex Lower sub-band Upper sub-band
bands Tx frequency [MHz] Tx frequency [MHz]
“CD” [MHz] Lower Upper Lower Upper
edge edge edge edge
11/15 1010 17706.5 18009.5 18716.5 19019.5

Lowest usable Tx centre frequencies


at bandwidth of 28 and 14MHz

14MHz 28MHz
28MHz
bandwidth
17720.50 MHz
7MHz 14MHz
14MHz
bandwidth
17713.50 MHz

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Radio Units
Channel Spacing, ETSI

Modulation C-QPSK 16QAM 128QAM


MINI-LINK family TN, E TN, HC, E HC

3.5 2x2
Ch. spacing [MHz]

7 8 2x8 (TN, E)

14 2x8 34+2 (TN, E)

28 34+2 2x34 (TN) 155+2

56 155+2 (HC)

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Radio Units
Automatic Power Control, ATPC

TX RX

-Adjust output power

RX TX

The received signal strength is compared to a preset target value.


The Far End transmitter is ordered to adjust the output power, up or down, in order to meet the target

+ Reduces the risk for interference since “just enough” power is transmitted in every moment.
+ Reduced power consumption.

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK Point to point Outdoor Units


Antenna Units
Antenna Unit

References
• Technical information:
Product Specification 1301-”Product number”
• Installation Instruction
MINI-LINK Point to point Outdoor Installation Instruction
1/1531-HRA 901 03/1
• Ordering Information
MINI-LINK E, HC, TN Product Catalog LZT 712 0191

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Sizes

MINI-LINK Point to point antennas are


directional parabolic antennas which are Ø = 0.2m
available in the following diameters:

0.2m
0.3m
0.6m
1.2m
1.8m
2.4m
3.0m
3.7m

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Sizes

0.3m antenna

A smaller antenna gives:


Main lobe less windload, less visibility, lower cost
for antenna and installation

0.6m
antenna

A larger antenna gives:


Main lobe a more focused lobe (higher gain)

Lower frequency  Larger antenna

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Environmental Requirements

Wind velocity

Operational Requirement

All antennas: 50 m/s Windload torque


9000 examples at 50m/s:

Torque [Nm]
Survival Requirement 7000
5000
0.2 - 1.2 m: 70 m/s
3000 Antenna
1.8 m: 67 m/s
2.4 - 3.7 m: 55 m/s 1000 size [m]

0.3 1.2 1.8 2.4 3.0 3.7

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Gain, Single polarized antennas Gain table [dBi]
7/8 13 15 18 23 26 28 32 38

0.2 m 31.8 x 34.6 35.4 36.6


Note
0.3 m 32.1 34.4 36.2 37.3 38.3 x 40.2
Diagram not to be
0.6 m 31.0 36.0 36.6 39.2 40.0 41.5 42.4 x 44.3
Gain [dBi] used for calculations!
1.2 m 37.0 41.8 42.7 44.6 46.0 47.1 48.0 x
1.8 m 40.0 45.3 46.4 48.5 49.5

50 3.0m 1.8m 2.4 m 42.9 47.7 48.7


3.7m 2.4m 1.2m 3.0 m 44.8 49.7 X = no figures available
3.7 m 47.3 when this slide was made
0.6m
40 0.3m
0.2m

30
Frequency
[GHz]
7/8 1315 18 23 2628 38

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
3dB Lobe width
Lobe width
degrees
-3 dB

0 dB

-3 dB
Antenna Ø
Frequency band 0.3m 0.6m
7GHz -- 4.2 degrees
8GHz -- 3.9 degrees
13GHz -- 2.8 degrees
15GHz 4.2 2.5 degrees
18GHz 3.9 2.0 degrees
23GHz 3.0 1.5 degrees
26GHz 2.5 1.3 degrees
38GHz 1.6 0.8 degrees

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Performance

With radom
”Standard”

Absorbing material
(high performance)
”High
performance”

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Polarization, Single polarized antennas V (Default)

Vertical pol. Horizontal pol.


V

V H
The polarization is set by turning
the Antenna Feeder
H

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Dual polarized antenna

•“2+0” configuration
•Two wave guide interfaces
•Separate mounting of radios
•Cross polarization discrimination
typically 32dB

Vertical

Horizontal

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
1+0 Terminal Mounting

Integrated mounting Separate mounting


(antennas  1.8 m)

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
1+1 Terminal Mounting

Integrated mounting Separate mounting Integrated power splitter

Power splitter

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Antenna Units
Power Splitter
Asymmetrical Power Splitter
1+1 Hot Stand by.
1dB loss
Radio 1

Radio 2
7dB loss

Symmetrical Power Splitter


1+1 Working Stand by.
3dB loss
Radio 1

Radio 2
3dB loss
Note: Waveguide losses must be added
when using a separatly mounted Power splitter.

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK TN, HC, E


Indoor Units

Indoor unit

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK TN, HC, E


ETSI PDH Multiplexing Hierarchy

Primary Mux. Secondary Mux Tertiary Mux


Primary rate Secondary rate Tertiary rate
64kbit/s, E0
First Mux level Second Mux level Third Mux level
2Mbit/s, E1 8Mbit/s, E2 34Mbit/s, E3

X4 =
140Mbit/s,
E4

MINI-LINK TN, E

02/038 13 - LZU 113 307 C 29 MINI-LINK TN, HC, E System Planning


Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK TN, HC, E


Traffic Capacities

Indoor Indoor
Units Units

2x2 Mbit/s 2x2 Mbit/s 2x2 Mbit/s


Ch.Sp. C-QPSK 3.5MHz
or or
8 Mbit/s
4x2 or 1x8 Mbit/s 4x2 or 1x8 Mbit/s
Ch.Sp. C-QPSK 7MHz
or or
8x2 or 2x8 Mbit/s 2x8 Mbit/s 8x2 or 2x8 Mbit/s
Ch.Sp. C-QPSK: 14MHz, 16QAM: 7MHz
or or
34+2 Mbit/s
17x2 or 34+2 Mbit/s 17x2 or 34+2 Mbit/s
Ch.Sp.: C-QPSK: 28MHz, 16QAM: 14MHz
or or
32 x 2Mbit/s 2 x 34 Mbit/s 32 x 2Mbit/s
Ch.Sp. 16QAM: 28MHz
or or
STM-1 + 2Mbit/s STM-1 +2 Mbit/s STM-1 + 2Mbit/s
Ch.Sp. 16QAM: 56MHz, 128QAM: 28MHz

02/038 13 - LZU 113 307 C 30 MINI-LINK TN, HC, E System Planning


Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK TN
Indoor Units

References
• Technical Information:
MINI-LINK TN Technical Description LZT 712 0211
Installation Instruction:
MINI-LINK TN Indoor Installation Instruction
1531-CSH 109 32/1
Ordering Information:
MINI-LINK TN, HC, E Product Catalog LZT 712 0191
Indoor unit

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC
Indoor Units

References
• Technical Information:
MINI-LINK HC Technical Description LZT 712 0050
• Installation Instruction
MINI-LINK HC Indoor Installation Instruction Indoor unit
1/1531-HRA 901 01/1/1
• Ordering Information
MINI-LINK TN, HC, E Product Catalog LZT 712 0191

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC
Access Module Magazine (AMM)

• AMM 1U-1
2 plug in units
Max. 1 radio terminal

• AMM 2U-4
U = 44 mm
4 plug in units
Max. 2 radio terminals

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC, Modem Units


Types, Traffic handling

• Traffic rate 155+2Mbit/s


• MMU 155/16: 16QAM modulation, 56 MHz bandwidth
MMU 155/64: 64QAM modulation, 40 MHz bandwidth
MMU 155/128: 128QAM modulation, 28 MHz bandwidth.

MMU 155/16, MMU 155/128


Front panel

Back plane
STM-1
Modem
E1

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC, Indoor Units


Traffic Unit, TRU

• One TRU per terminal in 1+0 and 1+1


Two TRU in 1+1 ELP.
• Termination of traffic and O&M DCN
• Embedded IP router, Element Manager and terminal MIB.
• TRU EL: Electrical STM-1 interface
• TRU OPT/EL: Optical (S-1.1) and electrical STM-1 interface
Back plane

Back plane
Front panel

TRU EL TRU OPT/EL

Front panel
STM-1
STM-1

1xE1 WST 1xE1 WST

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC, Indoor Units


Terminal configuration example 1+0

AMM 1U-2
MMU
TRU Back plane

DC Power MMU 155/16 or MMU 155/128


24 – 60VDC
STM-1 STM-1
Line Modem
E1

Front panel
TRU OPT/EL

STM-1

1xE1 WST

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC, Indoor Units


Configuration example 1+1

AMM 2U-4
MMU
TRU
MMU

DC Power STM-1 Line


2x 24 – 60VDC

Power supply 2x 24 – 60VDC

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC, Indoor Units


Configuration example 1+1 ELP

AMM 2U-4
MMU
TRU
MMU
TRU

W
DC Power
2x 24 – 60VDC STM-1 Line
P

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK TN, HC
1+1 Equipment and Line Protection

Radio path in 1+1 Hot standby

Traffic sent over Both radios receive the


one radio. traffic and forwards it over
Tx switching at respectively line interface
alarm

MINI-LINK HC MINI-LINK HC
1+1 ELP

Sends the STM-1 Receives the STM-1


MINI-LINK TN MINI-LINK TN
over two line via two line
interfaces. 1+1 MSP interfaces.
Selects which one
to “listen to”.

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC Ethernet transport

02/038 13 - LZU 113 307 C 40 MINI-LINK TN, HC, E System Planning


Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

ETU155
• ”SDH/Sonet multiplexer”
• POH for supervision of traffic
• GFP mapping of Ethernet over SDH
• Management information database, MIB
• HTTP server, EEM
• SNMP agent

ETU 155

DC supply 4 x FE 1 x GE Traffic EL PC/LCT 4xE1/DS1/J1


(24-60VDC) 10/100 1000 STM-1 RS232
BaseT BaseT STS-3 Local O&M
External
LED’s Sync
Power, alarm In/Out

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Configuration example

STM-1/STS-3

Fan Unit
Radio 1
AMM 2U-4

MMU
TRU Radio 2
MMU
ETU 155

Ethernet PDH
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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

Ethernet mapping
• map Ethernet traffic into SDH/Sonet VC-12/VC-11, VC-3 or VC-4
• map PDH tributaries into SDH VC-12/Sonet VC-11

SDH AU-4 contiguous


VC-4
SDH AU-4 virtual

Sonet STS-3c

Sonet STS-1

VC-3 VC-3 VC-3 VC-3 VC-3

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Copyright © 2004 by Ericsson AB.

MINI-LINK HC, Indoor Units


Configuration Rules
1U Free space

Fan Unit
Slot 2 MMU
AMM 1U-2 1+0
Slot 1 TRU

1U Free space

Fan Unit
AMM 2U-4

Slot 4 MMU 1+0


Slot 3 TRU 1+1
1+1ELP
Slot 2 MMU
1+0
Slot 1 TRU

1U Free space

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