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Maintenance Management

 Semua aktivitas yang berkaitan


untuk mempertahankan
peralatan sistem dalam kondisi
siap bekerja
 Tujuannya mempertahankan
keandalan sistem dan
meminimalkan biaya
 Keandalan : Peluang sebuah
komponen mesin atau produk
akan bekerja secara baik untuk
waktu tertentu dibawah kondisi
tertentu
Kepentingan strategis
Pemeliharaan dan keandalan
 Kegagalan mempunyai efek yang kurang
baik terhadap :
 Operasi
 Reputasi

 profitabilitas

 pelanggan

 produk

 Para pekerja
Maintenance Performance
Employee Maintenance
Involvement Procedures

Maintenance © 1995
Corel
Corp.
Performance
Strategi pemeliharaan dan
keandalan yang baik
 Membutuhkan:
 Keterlibatan Karyawan
 Prosedur pemeliharaan dan keandalan

 Untuk menghasilkan:
 Penurunan inventori
 Perbaikan kualitas
 Perbaikan kapasitas
 Reputasi kualitas
 Perbaikan berkesinambungan
Keterlibatan karyawan(Employee
Involvement)

 Berbagi informasi
 Skill training
 Sistem penghargaan
 Power
sharing(berbagi
kekuatan)

© 1995 Corel Corp.


Maintenance & Reliability
Procedures
 Pembersihan dan pelumasan
(Clean and lubricate) Maintenance
Procedures
 Pengawasan dan
penyesuaian(Monitor and
adjust)
 Perbaikan kecil(Minor
repair) .

 Pencatatan terkomputasi
(Computerized records)
Tactics for
Reliability and Maintenance
 Reliability Tactics
 Meningkatkan komponen individual
 Menyediakan redudancy
 Maintenance Tactics
 Melaksanakan pemeliharaan preventif
 Meningkatkan kecepatan perbaikan
Evaluating Maintenance
 Reliability
 Probabilitas bahwa suatu item akan berfungsi
untuk waktu tertentu
 Mean time between failures (MTBF)
 Rata-rata waktu antar kegagalan dr setiap item
yang dapat diperbaiki
 Failure rate
 Kebalikan (Reciprocal )of MTBF
Failure Rate (%)

Number of failures
FR(%) = * 100%
Number of units tested
Failures Per Operating Hour

Number of Failures
FR(n) =
Operating Time
Mean Time Between Failures

1
MTBF =
FR(N)
Maintenance Decisions
 How much preventive & breakdown
maintenance
 Who performs maintenance
 Centralized, decentralized, operator etc.
 Contract or in-house
 When to replace or repair
 How much to replace
 Individual or group replacement
Types of Maintenance
Preventive Breakdown
 Routine inspection &  Non-routine
servicing inspection
 Prevents failures & servicing
 Bases for doing  Remedial
 Time: Every day  Basis for doing
 Usage: Every 300 pieces  Equipment failure
 Inspection: Control chart
deviations
Organizing the
Maintenance Function
 Centralized maintenance department
 Does all maintenance (PM & breakdown)
 Decentralized maintenance department
 Useful if different equipment used in different
areas of company
 Contract maintenance
 Used if little equipment or expertise
 Operator ownership approach
Operator-Ownership Approach
 Operator does preventive maintenance
 Equipment condition is their responsibility
 Learns equipment better
 Increases worker’s pride
 Reduces repair time & PM costs
 Maintenance department is backup
 Handles non-routine problems
 Provides maintenance training
 Has plant-wide responsibilities
A Computerized Maintenance
System
Maintenance Costs
Traditional View
Cost

Optimal Maintenance
Commitment
Contract for Preventive
Maintenance
 Compute the expected number of
breakdowns without the service contract
 Compute the expected breakdown cost per
month with no preventive maintenance
contract
 Compute the cost of preventive maintenance
 Compare the two options
A Key To Success
High utilization of facilities, tight scheduling,
low inventory and consistent quality demand
reliability - total preventive maintenance is the
key to reliability.