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3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Warm Up
Problem of the Day
Lesson Presentation
Lesson Quizzes
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Warm Up
Estimate by rounding to the indicated
place value.
1. 70.27 + 15.36; ones 85
2. 84.37 – 21.82; tenths 62.6

Estimate each product or quotient.


3. 27.25  8.7 270
4. 44.52 ÷ 3.27 15
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Problem of the Day


Find a three-digit number that rounds to
440 and includes a digit that is the
quotient of 24 and 3. Is there more
than one possible answer? Explain your
thinking.
438; no; the numbers that round to 440
are 435-444, 24 divided by 3 is 8, and
438 is the only number with 8 as a
digit.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Learn to add and subtract decimals.


3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Helpful Hint
Estimating before you add or
subtract will help you check whether
your answer is reasonable.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

At the 2004 U.S. Gymnastics Championships,


Carly Patterson and Courtney Kupets tied for
the All-Around title.

Carly Patterson’s Preliminary Scores


Event Points
Floor exercise 9.7
Balance beam 9.7
Vault 9.3
Uneven bars 9.45

To find the total number of points, you add all


of the scores.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Additional Example 1A: Sports Application
What was Carly Patterson’s total for the
events other than the floor exercise?

Find the sum of 9.7, 9.3, and 9.45.

9.7 + 9.3 + 9.45 Estimate by rounding to the


nearest whole number.
10 + 9 + 9 = 28 The total is about 28 points.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Additional Example 1A Continued

Add.
9.70 Align the decimal points.

9.30 Use zeros as placeholders.


+9.45 Add. Then place the decimal point.
28.45

Since 28.45 is close to the estimate of 28, the


answer is reasonable. Carly Patterson’s total for
the events other than the floor exercise was
28.45.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Additional Example 1B: Sports Application
How many more points did Carly need on the
vault to have a perfect score of 10?
Find the difference between 10 and 9.3.
10.0 Align the decimal points.
-9.3 Use zeros as placeholders.
0.7 Subtract. Then place the decimal point.

Carly needed another 0.7 of a point to have a


perfect score.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Check It Out: Example 1A
What was Carly Patterson’s total for the
events other than the vault exercise?
Find the sum of 9.7, 9.7, and 9.45.
Estimate by rounding to the
9.7 + 9.7 + 9.45 nearest whole number.

10 + 10 + 9 = 29 The total is about 29 points.


3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Check It Out: Example 1A Continued

Add
9.700 Align the decimal points.

9.700 Use zeros as placeholders.


+9.450 Add. Then place the decimal point.
28.850

Since 28.850 is close to the estimate of 29, the


answer is reasonable. Carly Patterson’s total for
the events other than the vault exercise was
28.85.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Check It Out: Example 1B
How many more points did Carly need on the
uneven bars to have a perfect score of 10?
Find the difference between 10 and 9.45.

10.00 Align the decimal points.


-9.45 Use zeros as placeholders.
0.55 Subtract. Then place the decimal point.

Carly needed another 0.55 of a point to have a


perfect score.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Additional Example 2: Using Mental Math to Add
and Subtract Decimals
Find each sum or difference.
A. 1.8 + 0.2
1.8 + 0.2 = 2.0 Think: 0.8 + 0.2 = 1.

B. 4 – 0.7 Think: What number added


to 0.7 is 1?
4 – 0.7 = 3.3 0.7 + 0.3 = 1
So 1 – 0.7 = 0.3
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Check It Out: Example 2


Find each sum or difference.
A. 1.6 + 0.4

1.6 + 0.4 = 2.0 Think: 0.6 + 0.4 = 1.

B. 6 – 0.3
Think: What number added
to 0.3 is 1?
6 – 0.3 = 5.7 0.3 + 0.7 = 1
So 1 – 0.3 = 0.7
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Additional Example 3A: Evaluating Decimal
Expressions
Evaluate 6.73 – x for each value of x.
x = 3.8
6.73 – x
6.73 – 3.8 Substitute 3.8 for x.
6.73 Align the decimal points.
– 3.80 Use a zero as a placeholder.
2.93 Subtract. Place the decimal point.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Helpful Hint
You can place any number of zeros at the
end of a decimal number without changing
its value.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Additional Example 3B: Evaluating Decimal
Expressions
Evaluate 6.73 – x for each value of x.
x = 2.9765
6.73 – x
6.73 – 2.9765 Substitute 2.9765 for x.
6.7300 Align the decimal points.
–2.9765 Use zeros as placeholders.
3.7535 Subtract. Place the decimal point.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Check It Out: Example 3A


Evaluate 7.58 – x for each value of x.
x = 3.8

7.58 – x
7.58 – 3.8 Substitute 3.8 for x.
7.58 Align the decimal points.
–3.80 Use a zero as a placeholder.
3.78 Subtract. Place the decimal point.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Check It Out: Example 3B


Evaluate 8.17 – x for each value of x.
x = 2.9765

8.17 – x
8.17 – 2.9765 Substitute 2.9765 for x.
8.1700 Align the decimal points.
– 2.9765 Use zeros as placeholders.
5.1935 Subtract. Place the decimal point.
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Lesson Quizzes

Standard Lesson Quiz

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems


3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals
Lesson Quiz
Find each sum or difference.
1. 8.3 + 2.7 11

2. 9.7 – 4 5.7
3. 22.6 + 8.4 31

4. Evaluate 12.76 – x for x = 8.41. 4.35

5. During an ice-skating competition, Dawn


received the following scores: 4.8, 5.2, 5.4.
What was Dawn’s total score? 15.4
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

1. Identify the sum.


9.4 + 3.6
A. 12.8
B. 13
C. 14
D. 15.5
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

2. Identify the difference.


12.6 – 6
A. 5
B. 5.6
C. 6
D. 6.6
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

3. Identify the sum.


19.91 + 9.09
A. 27
B. 28
C. 29
D. 30
3-3 Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Lesson Quiz for Student Response Systems

4. During an gymnastics competition, Jack


scored the following points: 9.2, 7.8, and
6.5. What was Jack’s total score?
A. 21.5 points
B. 22.5 points
C. 23.5 points
D. 24.5 points