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MIASTENIA GRAVIS :

A REVIEW
20 per 100.000 populasi
Amerika Serikat

■ <40 tahun  wanita: pria = 3: 1


■ 40 dan 50 tahun  sama
■ >50 tahun  sering pada laki-laki

50%
ASIA  MG okular

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Aspek Sejarah

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KLASIFIKASI
■ MG onset dini
■ MG onset lambat
■ MG terkait thymoma
■ MG dengan antibodi anti-MUSK
■ MG okular (oMG)
■ MG tanpa terdeteksi ACHR dan otot spesifik tyrosine
kinase (MuSK) antibodi

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KLASIFIKASI KLINIS
MG Kelas I MG Kelas IIa
■ kelemahan otot okular ■ didominasi kelemahan otot anggota
■ kelemahan saat menutup mata gerak, otot aksial, atau keduanya
■ semua kekuatan otot lainnya ■ keterlibatan otot orofaring yang lebih
normal sedikit
MG Kelas II MG Kelas IIb
■ kelemahan ringan yang ■ didominasi kelemahan otot
mempengaruhi selain otot okular, orofaringeal, pernafasan, atau
■ kelemahan otot okular pada tingkat keduanya
keparahan apapun ■ keterlibatan yang lebih sedikit atau
sama dari anggota gerak, otot aksial,
atau keduanya
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KLASIFIKASI KLINIS
MG Kelas III MG Kelas IIIb
■ kelemahan moderat  didominasi otot orofaringeal,
pernafasan, atau keduanya,
mempengaruhi otot selain otot
okular  keterlibatan yang lebih sedikit atau
■ kelemahan otot okular pada
sama dari anggota gerak, otot aksial,
atau keduanya
tingkat keparahan apapun
MG Kelas IIIa MG Kelas IV
■ terutama memengaruhi otot  kelemahan berat yang
mempengaruhi otot selain otot
ekstremitas, otot aksial, atau
keduanya, okular,
■ keterlibatan otot orofaring yang
 kelemahan otot okular pada tingkat
keparahan apapun.
lebih sedikit.

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KLASIFIKASI KLINIS
MG Kelas IVa
■ terutama memengaruhi ekstremitas, otot aksial, atau keduanya,
■ keterlibatan otot orofaring yang lebih sedikit.
MG Kelas IVb
■ otot-otot pernafasan oropharyngeal yang dominan atau keduanya,
■ keterlibatan yang lebih sedikit atau sama dari anggota gerak, otot aksial, atau
keduanya.
MG Kelas V
■ intubasi dengan atau tanpa ventilasi mekanik, kecuali ketika digunakan selama
manajemen pasca operasi rutin,
■ penggunaan tabung pengisi tanpa intubasi menempatkan pasien di kelas IVb.

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KLASIFIKASI
■ MG onset dini
■ MG onset lambat
■ MG terkait thymoma
■ MG dengan antibodi anti-MUSK
■ MG okular (oMG)
■ MG tanpa terdeteksi ACHR dan otot spesifik tyrosine
kinase (MuSK) antibodi

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MANIFESTASI KLINIS
Kelemahan berfluktuasi
■ Ptosis unilateral atau bilateral
■ Diplopia
■ Gejala bulbar: disfagia dan disartria

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(a) Foto pasien dengan MG menunjukkan ptosis kanan parsial. Tutup kiri menunjukkan
retraksi pseudolid kompensasi karena persarafan yang sama dari levator palpabrae
superioris (hukum Herring). (b) Pasang tes Tensilon: catat peningkatan ptosis

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DIAGNOSIS
■ Uji Tensilon (Edrophonium Chloride)
■ Tes Ice Pack
■ Tes Elektrofisiologi

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Gambar 2: CT scan dada gambar pada pasien dengan MG menunjukkan massa
nekrotik besar di mediastinum anterior kiri (panah putih) dan limfadenopati hilus
bilateral

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TERAPI
■ Inhibitor Acetylcholinesterase
■ Plasmaferesis
■ Terapi Imunoglobulin intravena (IVIg)
■ Kortikosteroid
■ Obat imunosupresif nonsteroid
■ Timektomi

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REHABILITAS
■ Terapi fisik
■ Terapi okupasi
■ Konseling

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1 Transition headline

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Quotations are commonly printed as a means
of inspiration and to invoke philosophical
thoughts from the reader.

16
This is a slide title

■ Here you have a list of items


■ And some text
■ But remember not to overload your slides with content

Your audience will listen to you or read the content, but


won’t do both.

17
BIG CONCEPT
Bring the attention of your audience over a key concept
using icons or illustrations

18
You can also split your content

White Black
Is the color of milk and fresh Is the color of coal, ebony,
snow, the color produced by and of outer space. It is the
the combination of all the darkest color, the result of the
colors of the visible spectrum. absence of or complete
absorption of light.

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In two or three columns

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, Is the colour of the Is the color of blood,
butter and ripe clear sky and the deep and because of this it
lemons. In the sea. It is located has historically been
spectrum of visible between violet and associated with
light, yellow is found green on the optical sacrifice, danger and
between green and spectrum. courage.
orange.

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A picture is worth a thousand words

A complex idea can be


conveyed with just a single
still image, namely making
it possible to absorb large
amounts of data quickly.

21
Want big impact? Use big image.

22
Use charts to explain your ideas

White Gray Black

23
And tables to compare data

A B C

Yellow 10 20 7

Blue 30 15 10

Orange 5 24 16

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our office

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89,526,124
Whoa! That’s a big number, aren’t you proud?

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89,526,124$
That’s a lot of money

185,244 users
And a lot of users

100%
Total success!

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Our process is easy

first second last

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Let’s review some concepts

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and ripe Is the colour of the clear sky and Is the color of blood, and because
lemons. In the spectrum of visible the deep sea. It is located between of this it has historically been
light, yellow is found between green violet and green on the optical associated with sacrifice, danger
and orange. spectrum. and courage.

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and ripe Is the colour of the clear sky and Is the color of blood, and because
lemons. In the spectrum of visible the deep sea. It is located between of this it has historically been
light, yellow is found between green violet and green on the optical associated with sacrifice, danger
and orange. spectrum. and courage.

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You can copy&paste graphs from Google Sheets

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Android project
Show and explain your web, app Place your screenshot here

or software projects using these


gadget templates.

31
iPhone project
Show and explain your web, app Place your screenshot
here
or software projects using these
gadget templates.

32
Tablet project
Show and explain your web, app Place your screenshot here

or software projects using these


gadget templates.

33
Desktop project
Show and explain
Place your screenshot here
your web, app or
software projects
using these gadget
templates.

34
Thanks!
Any questions?

You can find me at


■ @username
■ user@mail.me

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Credits

Special thanks to all the people who made and released


these awesome resources for free:
■ Presentation template by SlidesCarnival
■ Photographs by Unsplash

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