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What is Accumulator

• It is device (as in hydraulic system) in which a fluid is collected

and especially in which it is kept under pressure as a means of
storing energy
Types of Accumulator

• Weight-loaded, or gravity type

• Spring– loaded type
• Gas- loaded type
Sealed Piston Type
• This type consist of vertical heavy-wall steel cylinder, which a piston with
packing to pressure leakage.
• Dead weight is attached to the top of the piston.
• The force of gravity of the dead weight provides the potential energy in
the accumulator.
• It creates constant through out the full volume, regarding less of rate and
quantity of output.
Weight Loaded Accumulator
An elevated load acting on Loader Bucket Cylinders can be used as an
accumulator to be used to control ancillary systems on
this machine
Spring loaded type
Spring Loaded Types
Sealed Piston
Piston may be sealed with an O-ring,
quad ring, or square ring and may even
be backed up with a Teflon cushion
washer depending on pressure
requirements of system and spring
• It is similar to weight loaded except that the piston is preloaded wit the
• The pressure generation depend upon the size and pre-loading of the
• It delivers a relatively small volume of oil at low pressure.
Gas loaded Accumulator
it operates according to the boyle’s law

Non-separating type Separating type

• It consist of fully enclosed shell containing oil • It consist of physical barrier between the gas
port at the bottom and gas charged valve at and oil.
the top.
Separating type
Piston Type
• In this fluid area is separated from gas area from the gas
area from a metal piston fitted with gas tight seats.
• The gas area is filled with the nitrogen.
• The fluid zone is connected with the hydraulic system.
• The piston accumulator can operate in any position.
• But gas area should be in upper area and fluid is in bottom
due to gravit effect.
Bladder type

• The fluid area is separated from the gas area by

flexible bladder.
• The fluid around the bladder is connected with the
circuit, so any increase in the pressure causes the
entry of fluid into the accumulator and thereby
compresses the gas.
• In this the valve on the fluid side face down.
Diaphragm type

• This is made of steel pressure-resistant valve.

• Usually cylindrical and spherical in shape.
• Inside which is mounted a flexible material
diaphragm as the separating element.
Factors influencing the selection of the
1. Flow rate
2. External force
3. Fluid type
4. Safety
5. Sizing information
6. Shock suppression
7. Temperature effect
8. Failure modes
9. Response time
Application of the accumulator
1. Die casting machinery
2. Plastic machinery
3. Steel industry
4. Machinery tools
5. Cranes vehicles
6. Energy power plants
7. Chemical industry
8. Construction mobile machinery
9. Automotive application
10. Agriculture machinery
Thank you