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Quantity Takeoff

Dr. Ahmed Elyamany

1
Outline
 Importance of Quantity Takeoff
 Preparation of Quantity Takeoff
 Measurement Units
 Measuring excavation, P.C footings, Beams, Columns,
slabs, and stairs.
 Solved Example
Quantity Takeoff
 Quantity Takeoff is performed by:
 General Contractors,
 Subcontractors,
 Cost Consultants,
 Quantity Surveyors

 Counting the number of items associated with a particular


construction project

 Determining the associated materials and labor costs

 Preparing an estimate as part of the bidding process.

 Applied to the pricing process.


Quantity Takeoff
 Today the quantity takeoff process is typically done
manually using a printout, a pen, and a calculator.
Quantity Takeoff
 New Trend is Building Information Modeling (BIM)

 Provide a solution that generates a set of takeoff


elements (counts, measurements, conditions that affect
cost) enables estimators to more quickly and more
accurately perform takeoff for bidding or pricing.
Quantity Takeoff
 Important to specify the type of ;
 Imported materials )‫(المواد المستوردة‬
 Suppliers )‫(المواد الموردة‬
 Equipments )‫(المعدات‬
 Labors )‫(العمال‬
 Work in project )‫(نوعية األعمال المطلوب تنفيذها‬

 Important to know project budget


‫ضروري لتحديد ميزانية المشروع‬ 
 Important to know activities logic
‫ضروري لتحديد ترتيب انشطة المشروع‬ 
Bill Of Quantities (BOQ)
 Quantity Takeoff Sheet
‫مقايسات كميات‬ 
 Estimated Quantities
‫مقايسات أعمال تقديرية‬ 
 Actual Quantities
‫مقايسات أعمال فعلية‬ 
 Bill Of Quantities
‫مقايسات تثمينية‬ 
‫‪Quantity Takeoff Sheet‬‬

‫جزئية‬ ‫األبعاد‬
‫اجمالي‬ ‫العدد‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫م بنود األعمال‬
‫اضافة‬ ‫خصم‬ ‫ارتفاع‬ ‫عرض‬ ‫طول‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫‪4‬‬

‫‪.‬‬
‫‪Bill Of Quantities‬‬

‫مالحظات‬ ‫الثمن‬ ‫الكمية‬ ‫الوحدة‬ ‫بنود األعمال‬ ‫م‬

‫اجمالي‬ ‫وحدة‬

‫‪1‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫‪..‬‬
Work order
 Items in takeoff sheets are organized in the same
construction sequence.

 Order of items in the same chapter:


 Items estimated in cubic meter (m3)
 Items estimated in square meter (m2)
 Items estimated in linear meter (m)
 Items estimated in numbers (unit)
 Items estimated in weight (ton)
 Items estimated in lump Sum (L.S.)
Measuring Units
Cubic meter (m3)
 Used for items such as:
 Excavation
 Filling
 Concrete
 Masonry

Square meter (m2)


 Used for items such as:
 Masonry
 Plastering
 Flooring
 Painting
Measuring Units
Linear meter (m)
 Used for items such as:
 Oil pipe lines
 Sewage water pipe lines
 Canals

Number (unit)
 Used for items such as:
 Electric outlets
 Doors and windows
 Sanitary fixtures
Measuring Units
Lump sum(L.S.)
 Used for items such as:
 Manholes
 Lifts

 Item is subcontracted when the contractor does not


have enough experience to construct it or there is an
item which has a small quantities of many work items,
such as manholes.
Preparation of Quantity Takeoff
 Check the availability of drawings

 Check the axis and dimensions

 Check building levels and link it to structural drawings.

 Check doors and windows model numbers

 Check ground water levels


Preparation of Quantity Takeoff
 Check architectural against structural drawings

 Check foundation design and foundation levels

 Check construction members dimension and


reinforcement.

 Review the contract conditions and specifications


Plain Concrete Footing
 Quantity of P.C footing = No. of footings for a specific
model * length * width * depth

 Total quantity of P.C footings = summation of P.C footing


models
Ground Beams
 Quantity of ground beam = No. of ground beams for a
specific model * length * width * depth

 Total quantity of ground beams = summation of ground


beam models
Columns
 Quantity of columns = No. of columns for a specific
model * length * width * height

 Total quantity of columns = summation of columns


models
Slabs
 Solid slabs:
 Quantity of slab = length * width * thickness

 Flat slab:
 Quantity of slab = length * width * thickness

 Beams:
 Quantity of beam = length * width * height
Stairs
 Quantity of stairs = inclined length * width * height +
stair section area * stair width * No. of stairs
Example
5.6m

1‫ع‬ 2‫ك‬ 1‫ع‬

7ɸ10/m
15cm

4.8m 7ɸ12/m 1‫ك‬


1‫ك‬

A A
1‫ع‬ 2‫ك‬ 1‫ع‬
‫‪Example‬‬
‫‪ 2ɸ16‬علوي ‪ 4ɸ16+‬سفلي عدل و الكانات ‪ 6ɸ8/m‬الغطاء الخرساني‬
‫‪ 2.5‬سم‬

‫قطاع الكمرات ك‪,1‬ك‪0.3m x 0.5m 2‬‬

‫قطاع العمود ع‪0.3m x 0.3m 1‬‬


‫ارتفاع العمود ع‪3.0m 1‬‬

‫منسوب األرض الطبيعية‬


‫قطاع السمالت ‪0.3m x 0.5m‬‬
‫‪1.2 m‬‬
‫القواعد المسلحة ‪1m x 1m x 0.4m‬‬

‫القواعد العادية ‪1.6m x 1.6m x 0.3m‬‬


‫‪Section A-A‬‬
Example
 It is required to estimate the quantities of the
following jobs:
 Excavation (‫)كميات الحفر‬
 Plain Concrete Footings (‫)خرسانة القواعد العادية‬
 Reinforced Concrete Footings (‫)خرسانة القواعد المسلحة‬
 Ground Beams concrete (‫)خرسانة السمالت‬
 Filling (‫)كميات الردم‬
 Columns concrete (‫)خرسانة األعمدة‬
 Slab and beams Concrete (‫)خرسانة البالطة وكمرات السقف‬
 Slab and beams Reinforcement ( ‫حديد تسليح البالطة وكمرات‬
‫)السقف‬
Excavation

1.6 m

4.8 m 1.2 m

1.6 m

.15 m 5.6 m .15 m

5.3
1.6 m
0.8 m 3.7 m
Excavation )‫(الحفر‬
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
1 Excavation m3 4 1.6 1.6 1.2 12.288
2 3.7 0.3 0.5 1.11
2 2.9 0.3 0.5 0.87
PC Concrete Footings )‫(القواعد العادية‬
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
2 PC Concrete m3 4 1.6 1.6 0.3 3.072

1.6 m

0.3 m

1.6 m
RC Concrete Footings )‫(القواعد المسلحة‬
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
3 RC Concrete m3 4 1 1 0.4 1.6

1.0 m

0.4 m

1.0 m
Ground Beams )‫(السمالت‬
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
4 Ground Beams m3 2 5.3 0.3 0.5 1.59
2 4.5 0.3 0.5 1.35

0.5 m ‫السمالت‬

4.5 m
4.8 m
0.3 m 0.3 m
5.6 m 0.15 m
0.15 m

5.3
Filling
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Subtotal Total
1 Excavation m3 14.27

2 PC Concrete m3 3.07
3 RC Concrete m3 1.60
4 Ground Beams m3 2.94
Total Concrete m3 7.61
5 Filling m3 6.66
Columns
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
6 Columns Concrete m3 4 0.3 0.3 3 1.08

3.0 m
3.0 m

‫االعمدة‬

3.0 m
Slab & Beams
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
7 Slab & Beams m3 2 5.3 0.3 0.5 1.59
2 4.5 0.3 0.5 1.35
1 5 4.2 0.15 3.15

0.15 m

5.0 m
0.5 m

4.5 m
4.8 m
4.2 m 15
cm

0.3 m

5.6 m
0.15 m

0.15 m

5.3
Take-off Summary Table
No. Item Unit Number Length Width Depth Total
1 Excavation m3 14.27
2 PC Concrete m3 3.07
3 RC Concrete m3 1.60
4 Ground Beams m3 2.94
5 Filling m3 6.66
6 Columns Concrete m3 1.08
7 Slab & Beams m3 6.09
Total Concrete 14.78
‫‪Reinforcement Takeoff‬‬
‫‪ 2ɸ16‬علوي ‪ 4ɸ16+‬سفلي عدل و الكانات ‪ 6ɸ8/m‬الغطاء الخرساني ‪ 2.5‬سم‬
‫‪30cm‬‬ ‫قطاع الكمرات ك‪,1‬ك‪0.3m x 0.5m 2‬‬

‫‪2.5cm‬‬ ‫‪2.5cm‬‬

‫‪25cm‬‬ ‫‪7ɸ10/m‬‬

‫‪7ɸ12/m‬‬

‫‪50cm 45cm‬‬
Reinforcement Takeoff
Unit No. of Length Total Unit Total
(kg) bars length Weight Weight
16 upper (beams) 4 4.8 19.2 1.63 31.296
4 5.6 22.4 1.63 36.512
16 lower (beams) 8 4.8 38.4 1.63 62.592
8 5.6 44.8 1.63 73.024
10 long (Slab) 34 5.6 190.4 0.63 119.952
12 short (Slab) 40 4.8 192 0.92 176.640
8 stirrup (beams) 60 1.55 93 0.41 38.130
51 1.55 79.05 0.41 32.411
Total Steel 570.557
‫ما المطلوب تقديمه في مشروعك؟‬
‫تحديد عدد ‪ 5‬بنود رئيسية في المشروع (مثال‪ :‬الحفر‪ ,‬االساسات‪ ,‬االعمدة‪,‬‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫األسقف‪ ,‬الردم)‬
‫قم بعمل حصر مقاول لكميات الخرسانات المطلوب تنفيذها‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫قم بعمل حصر مقاول لكميات الحديد المطلوب توريده‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫قم بحساب نسبة الحديد الي الخرسانة في نماذج العناصر االنشائية‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫استخدم نسب الحديد المحسوبة لتحديد كميات الحديد لباقي العناصر المشابهة‬ ‫‪‬‬
‫تجميع كميات الخرسانات و الحديد الالزمة للمنشأ‬ ‫‪‬‬

‫تسليم جداول مفصلة و أخرى مجمعة لحصر الخرسانة‬ ‫‪‬‬


‫تسليم جداول منفصلة لحصر الحديد‬ ‫‪‬‬
Questions?

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