Anda di halaman 1dari 21

Tumbling Mills :

Jana Marie D. Gomonid
 Grinding is the last stage in the process of
comminution. The reduction ratio is usually large (8 to
25:1 sometimes 500:1).
 Grinding Mills are generally classified into two types:
tumbling mills and stirred mills.
 In Tumbling Mills:
Mill shell is rotated and motion is imparted to the
charge via the mill shell. Grinding medium may be steel
rods, balls, or rock itself.
Grinding can be done by :
The motion of the
charge in a tumbling  impact or compression,
mill  chipping due to oblique
 abrasion due to forces acting
parallel to the surfaces.
The motion in a grinding mill
comprises two distinct varieties:
 Rotation of the rods or balls
 Cascading
 Cataracting
BALL MILL Principle
 Ball mill works on the principle of impact that is the size reduction
of the solids is done by the impact.
Ball Mill Critical Speed and Working Principle
A ball mill consists of a hollow cylindrical shell that rotates
about its axis, this axis can be either horizontal or at a small angle
to the horizontal. The balls occupy about 30 to 50 percent of the
volume of the ball mill.
There are two ways of grinding:
1. Dry Process
2. Wet Process

Types according to different forms of discharging

1. Grate Discharge Ball Mill
2. Overflow Ball Mill
Method of Mill Discharge
Ball Mill Parts
1. Bearing
2. Mill Shell
3. Driver { Types of driver is Central driver and Gear rim / pinion}
4. Inlet { Types of inlet is Inlet type, Inlet chute, and inlet screw }
5. Outlet Types of Outlet : • Over flow mills with/without screen
cage • Discharge diaphragm- outlet casing
• Central discharge
6. Gear Rim Lubrication
7. Water Injection
8. Motors
9. Lining
Type of lining { steel, rubber, and ceramic lining }

Feed Product
The Advantages of Ball Mill:

 Strong adaptability to the fluctuation of the physical property of the

materials such as granularity, water content and hardness and high
production capacity.
 It produces very fine powder (particle size less than or equal to 10
 It can be used for continuous operation.
 Adaptable to the operation of different technology of the cement
 Simple structure and easy examination and change of abraded
spare parts.
 Reliable operation, simple maintenance and management and
continuous work.
The Disadvantages of Ball Mill:

 Low working efficiency and high unit electricity consumption.

 Contamination of product may occur as a result of wear and
tear which occurs principally from the balls and partially from
the casing.
 Low rotary speed.
 It is difficult to clean the machine after use
 Loud noise and strong vibration during its working process.