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Tumbling Mills :

BALL MILL
Jana Marie D. Gomonid
 Grinding is the last stage in the process of
comminution. The reduction ratio is usually large (8 to
25:1 sometimes 500:1).
 Grinding Mills are generally classified into two types:
tumbling mills and stirred mills.
 In Tumbling Mills:
Mill shell is rotated and motion is imparted to the
charge via the mill shell. Grinding medium may be steel
rods, balls, or rock itself.
Grinding can be done by :
The motion of the
charge in a tumbling  impact or compression,
mill  chipping due to oblique
forces;
 abrasion due to forces acting
parallel to the surfaces.
The motion in a grinding mill
comprises two distinct varieties:
 Rotation of the rods or balls
 Cascading
 Cataracting
BALL MILL Principle
 Ball mill works on the principle of impact that is the size reduction
of the solids is done by the impact.
Ball Mill Critical Speed and Working Principle
A ball mill consists of a hollow cylindrical shell that rotates
about its axis, this axis can be either horizontal or at a small angle
to the horizontal. The balls occupy about 30 to 50 percent of the
volume of the ball mill.
There are two ways of grinding:
1. Dry Process
2. Wet Process

Types according to different forms of discharging


materials:
1. Grate Discharge Ball Mill
2. Overflow Ball Mill
Method of Mill Discharge
Ball Mill Parts
1. Bearing
2. Mill Shell
3. Driver { Types of driver is Central driver and Gear rim / pinion}
4. Inlet { Types of inlet is Inlet type, Inlet chute, and inlet screw }
5. Outlet Types of Outlet : • Over flow mills with/without screen
cage • Discharge diaphragm- outlet casing
• Central discharge
6. Gear Rim Lubrication
7. Water Injection
8. Motors
9. Lining
Type of lining { steel, rubber, and ceramic lining }
HARDINGE MILL

Feed Product
EQUIPMENT COST
The Advantages of Ball Mill:

 Strong adaptability to the fluctuation of the physical property of the


materials such as granularity, water content and hardness and high
production capacity.
 It produces very fine powder (particle size less than or equal to 10
microns).
 It can be used for continuous operation.
 Adaptable to the operation of different technology of the cement
production.
 Simple structure and easy examination and change of abraded
spare parts.
 Reliable operation, simple maintenance and management and
continuous work.
The Disadvantages of Ball Mill:

 Low working efficiency and high unit electricity consumption.


 Contamination of product may occur as a result of wear and
tear which occurs principally from the balls and partially from
the casing.
 Low rotary speed.
 It is difficult to clean the machine after use
 Loud noise and strong vibration during its working process.