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 1.

Social Intelligence (SI)

 2.Interpersonal Skills
 3.Emotional Intelligence/Skills (EI)
 4.Prudence
 5.Courage
 6.Conflict Management
 7.Decision Making
 8.Political Skills
 9.Influence Skills
 10.Area Competence/Expertise
 1.Social Intelligence(SI)

• is among the best predictors as far as effective leadership is

concerned.However,the research on it is poor and it is also not very
• is very wide but it can be viewed best with respect to the understanding
of social situations as well as dynamics and the ability to be able to
operate in an efficient way in a number of social situations.
• As per the research conducted social intelligence,which is described as
the sensitivity to social situations,”constellation of social performance”
and skills of role playing are very crucial for effective leadership.
 How to develop social intelligence?
• You need to expose yourself to different types of people,different kinds
of social situations along with the work for the development of social
perceptiveness and also the ability of engaging other people in a
 2. Interpersonal Skills
• Might be viewed as a “subset of social intelligence”.However,they
form an aspect of social effectiveness that is more relationship-
oriented. The soft skills of leadership that is often spoken about are
represented in the best way
 How to develop interpersonal skills?
• first of all you need to become an active listener,then you need to
work on speaking and conversational skills.You can even join
networking groups and toastmaster for this purpose and also work
on the personal relationships that you share with your
relatives,friends or with the significant other.Such types of skills
generalize to relationships in the workplace.
 3.Emotional Intelligence/Skills (EI)
• Is a complement to social intelligence and is the ability of the
individual to be able to communicate at a level that is emotional, be
able to have an understanding of emotional situations and emotions
and also stay in tune with emotions that are our own.These are
related especially to the leadership “charisma”.
 How to develop Emotional Intelligence?
• For developing emotional intelligence you need to practice reading
the nonverbal cues of others especially the cues that are related to
emotions.You need to practice reading the nonverbal cues of others
especially the cues that are related to emotions.You can need to
learn to have a control over your emotions as well as your emotional
outbursts.You need to practice the way to express your feelings and
become an ‘’actor’’ who is emotionally very effective and learn the
way to express your emotions in an appropriate way.
 4. Prudence
• It is among the cardinal virtues of Aristotle.It is a synonym of
wisdom and is the ability of being able to understand the
perspectives of others by being open and considering the viewpoint
of the others.
 How to develop Prudence?
• For the purpose of developing prudence,yo need to listen to others.
You have to work towards being more broad minded and also more
open minded. You have to learn to ask for the views and opinions of
others and take them into consideration when choosing a particular
course of action.
 5. Courage
• Fortitude or courage is another cardinal virtue. This includes the
courage of taking calculated risks along with the courage of
standing up for what you believe in and doing the things that are
 How to develop courage?
• Some degree of effort is required for this. However,its roots lie in
the development as well as the holding of personal values that are
• In case you value someone or something very truly,you will possess
the courage of standing up by your principles as well as by your
 6. Conflict Management
• This is interpersonal skill of a “higher order” which helps assisting
your colleagues for either avoiding or resolving the conflicts of
interpersonal nature.
• When the members of an organization are in conflict with each
other, the leaders are generally called upon for the purpose of
adjudicating. However, the ability to either avoid or to resolve the
situations of conflict that are your own are also involved in this.
 How to develop Conflict Management Skills?
• Courses as well as workshops are available for the purposes of
assisting you in understanding and learning the strategies of
Conflict Management.
• A vital aspect of conflict management is to help the parties involved
in the conflict to compromise (wherein each party should be having
the flexibility of giving up something)or to collaborate (a win-win
 7. Decision Making
• The ability of making good decisions or to lead a process of good
decision making is among the core competencies of the leaders.
• The ways of making decisions can be better or worse but the good
leader knows when the decision has to made, when the peers and
subordinates have to be consulted and brought into the process of
decision making and when the time is right for taking a step back
and allow others to make decisions.
 How to develop decision making skills?
• The best way of honing the skills of decision making is experience
along with the study of the situations where the decisions have gone
wrong or have gone right.
• It has been seen that people learn more often from the mistakes that
they have committed rather from the success that they have
 8. Political Skills
• It is a fact that all the organizations or groups at their core are full
of politics. In order to move ahead people attempt to gain allies,
break rules and push forward their personal agendas .
• A leader who is effective is also a good player politically and has
knowledge regarding the rules that need to be followed for playing
the game and is also able to manage political behavior in order to
prevent it from resulting in the dysfunction of the group or the
 How to develop Political Competencies?
• In the same way as several of the other leadership competencies that
are highly developed, the political skills are acquired by means of
learning as a result of experience and also the learning that is
related to social dynamics and about people.
 9. Influence Skills
• Leadership at its core is all about influencing the behavior of other
people. Therefore a great leader is someone who is a master of
social influence and has the ability to wield power in a fair and
effective way.
• You can become all the more influential in the role of leadership if
you have the ability to call on your interpersonal or soft skills.
 How to develop Influence Skills?
• Reasoned as well as well-thought out arguments can be made if you
have been trained in debating. Viewing the things from the
perspective of the other person may assist you in understanding
what are the things expected by them from a negotiation and this
will let you focus on a situation that I win-win.
 Area Competence/Expertise
• Most of the people would put in at the first position in the list, however,
in today’s age, the significance of knowledge in every aspect od the job
is less important than what it used to be earlier.
• In creative firms or high-tech industries, the team members might be
possessing knowledge that is more relevant and also more expertise in
comparison to the leaders. Still, it is vital that the expertise in particular
situations, industries or organizations where they are in leadership roles
are developed by the leaders.
 How to develop Area Competencies?
• Development is a process which is lifelong, similar to all the other
competencies of agility, speed, passion and focus in order to be
successful. Such skills however cannot be taught and if an organization
requires as well as supports these competencies as a basis of its
success, they have to be instilled by means of an imbedded system of
leadership development. Success of such a program is dependent on five
crucial factors include-
• Support that is provided by the Executive Leadership
• Work assignments that are challenging
• The right people
• Supportive environment of work
• Instead of a course of skills, there should be a Leadership Development