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DRYING

(PENGERINGAN)
Anggota Kelompok :
Guardian Kusuma Putra Mahendra
011600

Joanne Salres Ramadhani


011600442

Muhammad Fauzi Sati Rambe


0116004

Tri Ilma Humairah


011600458
WHAT WE DISCUSS ?

TUJUAN 1. 5. DATA PENGAMATAN

DASAR TEORI 2.
6. PERHITUNGAN

ALAT DAN BAHAN 3. 7. PEMBAHASAN

CARA KERJA 4. 8. KESIMPULAN


I. TUJUAN

1. 2. 3.

Mengetahui pengaruh Mengetahui pengaruh waktu Menentukan koefisien


kecepatan pengeringan pengeringan terhadap kadar perpindahan massa H2O dari
terhadap kadar air dalam air dalam padatan. padatan ke udara (ky) pada
padatan. periode kecepatan
pengeringan tetap.
II. DASAR TEORI Kadar Air

Pengertian

Drying adalah proses pengurangan Kecepatan Pengeringan


kadar air dalam padatan dengan
cara menguapkan airnya

Pada proses drying terjadi dua


proses perpindahan massa, yaitu
perpindahan massa H2O dari W = Berat basah
dalam padatan ke permukaan Ws = Berat Kering
padatan dan perpindahan massa X = Kadar Air
H2O dari permukaan padatan ke R = kecepatan pengeringan
udara. A = Luas Permukaan
t = Waktu
III. Alat Dan Bahan
BAHAN 1.
KACANG KEDELAI 1. GELAS BEKKER
100ML

2. 2.
AIR CAWAN PORSELIN

3.
OVEN

ALAT
4.
NERACA ANALITIK
IV. Langkah Kerja

3.
2.
1.
Kacang kedelai ditimbang setiap
interval 10 menit lalu diletakkan di
deksikator selama 5 menit dan
Kacang kedelai dipanaskan
dilakukan secara berulang sampai
di dalam oven.
didapatkan massa yang stabil
Kacang kedelai direndam di (konstan).
dalam air selama 15 menit,
kemudian ditimbang
massanya.
V. Data Pengamatan

Sampel Kacang Kedelai

Dimensi 5,645 cm (diameter cawan)

Berat Kering (Ws) 11,0457 gr

Berat Basah Awal (W) 15,9138 gr

Temperatur oven (dijaga konstan) 80 ºC


Data pengamatan percobaan pengeringan :

Waktu Berat bahan


No.
t (menit) W (gram)

1 0 15,9138 10 90 12,2701

2 10 15,3746 11 100 12,0549

3 20 14,8325 12 110 11,6834

4 30 14,3408 13 120 11,5298

5 40 13,7518 14 130 11,4063

6 50 13,4039 15 140 11,2959

7 60 13,0801 16 150 11,2036

8 70 12,7728 17 160 11,1186

9 80 12,4846 18 170 11,0596


VI. Perhitungan
Waktu Berat bahan Berat air Kadar air (X)
No.
t (menit) W (gram) W-Ws (gram)
Kadar Air pada waktu 0 menit :
1 0 15,9138 4,8681 0,4407
2 10 15,3746 4,3289 0,3919
3 20 14,8325 3,7868 0,3428
4 30 14,3408 3,2951 0,2983
5 40 13,7518 2,7061 0,2450
6 50 13,4039 2,3582 0,2135
7 60 13,0801 2,0344 0,1842
8 70 12,7728 1,7271 0,1564
9 80 12,4846 1,4289 0,1303
10 90 12,2701 1,2244 0,1108
11 100 12,0549 1,0092 0,0914
12 110 11,6834 0,6386 0,0578
13 120 11,5298 0,4841 0,0438
14 130 11,4063 0,3606 0,0326
15 140 11,2959 0,2502 0,0226
16 150 11,2036 0,1579 0,0143 Dengan cara yang sama maka didapatkan
17 160 11,1186 0,0729 0,0066 kadar air (X) pada interval waktu 10 menit :
18 170 11,0596 0,0139 0,0013
Kadar air Kecepatan pengeringan
Waktu Berat bahan dx
No. W  Ws  Ws
t (menit) Ws (gram) X dt R
Ws A

1. 0 11,0457 0,4407 0 0

Kecepatan pengeringan pada waktu 10 menit : 2. 10 11,0457 0,3919 -0,00488 0,002154828

3. 20 11,0457 0,3428 -0,00491 0,002168075

4. 30 11,0457 0,2983 -0,00445 0,001964956

5. 40 11,0457 0,245 -0,00533 0,002353531

6. 50 11,0457 0,2135 -0,00315 0,001390924

7. 60 11,0457 0,1842 -0,00293 0,00129378

8. 70 11,0457 0,1564 -0,00278 0,001227545

9. 80 11,0457 0,1303 -0,00261 0,00115248

10. 90 11,0457 0,1108 -0,00195 0,000861048

11. 100 11,0457 0,0914 -0,00194 0,000856632

12. 110 11,0457 0,0578 -0,00336 0,001483652

13. 120 11,0457 0,0438 -0,0014 0,000618188

14. 130 11,0457 0,0326 -0,00112 0,000494551

15. 140 11,0457 0,0226 -0,001 0,000441563

16. 150 11,0457 0,0143 -0,00083 0,000366497

17. 160 11,0457 0,0066 -0,00077 0,000340004

18. 170 11,0457 0,0013 -0,00053 0,000234028


VII. Pembahasan

Keseimbangan Kadar Air. Kecepatan Pengeringan.


Pada saat kadar air seimbang, Keseimbangan kadar
Kecepatan pengeringan amat
penguapan air pada bahan akan air menentukan batas
bergantung pada perbedaan antara
terhenti dan jumlah molekul - molekul akhir dari proses
kadar air bahan dengan kadar air
air yang akan diuapkan sama dengan pengeringan hingga
keseimbangan. Semakin besar
jumlah molekul air yang diserap oleh didapat penurunan
perbedaan kadar air maka semakin
permukaan bahan kadar air yang
besar kecepatan pengeringan.
konstan. Praktikum
yang telah dilakukan,
pengeringan
Koefisien Perpindahan Massa. dihentikan ketika
Hubungan antara kecepatan kadar air mencapai Waktu Pengeringan.
pengeringan dengan kadar air 0,0013% dimana nilai
Pengaruh waktu pengeringan terhadap
didapatkan persamaaan garis y = ini mendekati nol
kadar air dalam padatan yaitu semakin
0,0052x + 0,0004. Slope dari persamaan yang artinya air dalam
kecil kadar air yang diperoleh makan
garis tersebut merupakan nilai ky yaitu kacang kedelai sudah
semakin banyak waktu yang dibutuhkan
koefisien perpindahan massa H2O dari hampir teruapkan
untuk menguapkan air hingga kadar air
padatan ke udara pada waktu semua.
terebut.
kecepatan pengeringan kacang kedelai
dengan interval 10 menit.
VIII. Kesimpulan
1. 3.
Pengaruh kecepatan pengeringan Koefisien perpindahan massa H2O
terhadap kadar air dalam padatan 2. dari padatan ke udara pada waktu
yaitu kecepatan pengeringan akan kecepatan pengeringan kacang kede-
Pengaruh waktu pengeringan ter-
menurun seiring dengan penurun lai dengan interval 10 menit (ky) yaitu
hadap kadar air dalam padatan
an kadar air selama pengeringan sebesar 0,0052
yaitu semakin kecil kadar air yang
diperoleh makan semakin banyak
waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk me-
nguapkan air hingga kadar air
tersebut.
IX. Daftar Pustaka

Geankoplis, C.I,1993, “Transport Process and Unit Opertion”, 2nd ed, Allyn and Bacon,
Inc,Boston.

Fadilah, dkk. 2010. “Pengaruh Metode Pengeringan Terhadap Kecepatan Pengeringan Dan
Kualitas Karagenan Dari Rumput Laut Eucheuma Cottonii”. Jurusan Teknik Kimia FT
Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

Winarno, F.G. 1993. “Pangan dan Gizi, Teknologi dan Konsumen”. PT Granedia Pustaka
Utama, Jakarta.
Thankyou
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