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WORD FORM: Categorize the words

1. achievement 1. cowardice, 1. notice 1. realistic


2. weaken 2. creation, 2. participate 2. reformation
3. amphibian 3. creatively 3. performance 3. national
4. attentive 4. dependent 4. poisonous 4. sadly
5. authorize 5. fascinate 5. polite 5. encourage
6. beautify 6. friendship, 6. politician 6. sympathize
7. betrayal, 7. geology 7. realistic 7. trainable
8. biology, 8. government 8. reformation 8. vigilant
9. bountiful 9. infancy 9. refusal 9. volcanic
10.competitor 10.interested 10.political 10.hard
PRONOUNS
REFLEXIVE
PRONOUN

THEMSELVES

Before V After V Before N - before/after V


- the end of sentence
1. _______ mother always cooks for _______. (he)
2. _______ (she) doesn't know _______ name (he)
3. David's sisters are very hard working. _______ marks are
really brilliant!
4. What do _______ eat when you go to a Chinese Restaurant?
_______ eat pork. I like _______!
5. I watch her program every afternoon. _______ is a really
good actress.
6. David is my best friend. I play
with _______ and _______ sister every Saturday.
7. I like the piano very much, but I don't play _______.
8. _______ (I) daughter takes care of _______ baby brother.
9. _______ uncle and my aunt have got a computer. _______ is
old and _______ need to repair ______.
1. The teacher is not very happy with _____ (we),
because _____ talk all the time and don't listen
to _____.
2. Those children are very happy. _____ parents have a
new car.
3. Are you talking to _____? Sorry,
but _____ don't understand what you're saying.
4. Is this your new house?
_____ like _____. _____ is very big.
5. _____ cleans _____ room every Saturday. (she)
1. Sheila is an English girl. ______ is walking with Peter
and talking to ______.
2. Ann and James are speaking to ______ teachers,
because ______ have some questions for ______.
3. Jack's friends are in class. These are ______ books.
4. We have a very light classroom; ______ classroom is on
the second floor.
5. Claire has two dogs; ______ dogs like playing with
______ very much.
6. How old are ______ ? I am 15 years old.
7. Can I borrow ______ rubbers? Yes, here ______ are.
8. We are Vietnamese. ______ flag is red and
yellow. _______ speak many languages.
Adverbs & Adjectives:
SPECIAL CASES
Short and shortly
Short is used as an adverb in expressions like stop short (= stop
suddenly) and cut short (= interrupt)
Shortly means ‘soon’.
Ex: You will hear from us …………..

Slow and slowly


Slow is an adjective; slowly is an adverb. However, slow can be used
as an adverb after verbs like go and drive.
Ex: Go ………….

Sound and soundly


Sound is used as an adverb in a few expressions: sound asleep.
1. The baby is ………….. asleep.
In other cases we usually use soundly.
2. The baby is sleeping ……………...
Straight
•A straight road goes straight from one place to another.

Tight and tightly


Tight is an adjective; tightly is an adverb. After certain verbs, tight
can also be used as an adverb.
Common expressions are: hold tight and packed tight. Note that
before a verb, we always use tightly.

1 ………….. held
2. …………...packed

Wrong and wrongly


The normal adverb is wrongly. In an informal style, wrong can be used
instead of wrongly after a verb.

1. I …………… believed that I was going in the right direction.


2. You guessed …………..
Hard - hardly
1. If you work too ………………, you will fall ill.
2. 2. The country received ……………… any rainfall this
year.
3. He hit the nail …………….
High - highly
1. The show was …………… amusing.
2. Throw it as ……………… as you can.
Just – justly
1. He has …………. arrived.
2. All criminals must be ……….. punished for their
crimes.
Late – lately
1. He is never ………..… for work.
2. I haven’t been to the theatre much …………….
LESSON 1: READING
Chart [t∫ɑ:t] n. Allowance [ə'lauəns] n.

Graph [græf] n. Category ['kætigəri] n.

Average ['ævəridʒ] a. least >< most

high >< low Savings ['seiviη] n.

Temperature ['temprət∫ə] n. Schedule ['∫edju:l] n.

Finish ['fini∫] v. National ['næ∫nəl] a.

Academy [ə'kædəmi] n. Artist ['ɑ:tist] n.


Percentage [pə'sentidʒ] n. Fable ['feibl] n.

Elementary school Cooking n.

[,eli'mentəri] Language ['læηgwidʒ] n.

Comparison[kəm'pærisn] n.
Grade [greid] n.
Score [skɔ:] n.

Temperature ['temprət∫ə] n.
Probably ['prɔbəbli] adv.
LESSON 1: SENTENCE BUILDING

Present simple

1. (Be) S + BE + O
S (nhiều)  be = are
S (ít)  be = is
S (I)  be = am

Ex: Nam and Phong / be / my friends. -> Nam and Phong are my
friends
Nam / be / my friend. -> Nam is my friend.
I / be / an accountant. -> I am an accountant.
LESSON 1: SENTENCE BUILDING

Present simple

2. (Verb) S + V + O
S (nhiều)  V
S (ít)  V s/es
S (I) V

Ex: Nam and Phong / work / hard. -> Nam and Phong work hard
Nam / work / hard. -> Nam works hard.
I / work / hard. -> I work hard.
1. This soup / taste / great

2. You / look / happy


3. I / be / cold

4. She / visit / me / often

5. He / be / an engineer
6. Tom / work / every day
7. We / live / in the city
1. REPEATED ACTIVITY 1. ACTION IN PROGRESS

2. TRUTH/ FACT 2. FUTURE ARRANGEMENT

3. OPINION 3. TEMPORARY ACTIVITY


1. ACTION AT A 1. ACTION IN PROGRESS
DEFINNITE TIME IN THE AT A CERTAIN TIME IN
PAST THE PAST

2. SERIES OF ACTIONS
HAVE/HAS + Ved/3 HAVE/HAS + been + Ving
1. ACTION IN THE PAST 1. ACTION IN THE PAST
(WITHOUT TIME) CONTINUE UP TO
PRESENT (stress on
2. ACTION IN THE PAST duration and action)
CONTINUE UP TO
PRESENT
I/She had met him before. 1. ACTION HAPPENING
BEFORE A POINT OF TIME
(OR ANOTHER ACTION) IN
I/She hadn’t met him before. THE PAST.

Had you/she met him before?


FUTURE SIMPLE FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT

He/They will be playing She/We will have


I/She will meet you
football at 9 a.m. finished the report by
tomorrow.
tomorrow. nest Monday.

He/They will not (won’t) She/We will not (won’t)


I/She will not (won’t) meet
be playing football at 9 have finished the report
you tomorrow.
a.m. tomorrow by nest Monday.
Will you /she meet you Will he/they be playing Will she/we have
tomorrow? football at 9 a.m. finished the report by
tomorrow nest Monday?
FUTURE SIMPLE FUTURE CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT

PROMISE
FUTURE ACTION THAT
FUTURE ACTION IN WILL BE COMPLETED
UNPLANNED DECISION PROGRESS AT A CERTAIN BEFORE A CERTAIN
TIME TIME (OR ANOTHER
ACTION)
PREDICTION
Always, usually, often, … By this month

2 days ago, yesterday This week

before Recently, lately, just

When I was small, Now, at the moment, at present

So far, many (several) times Last year, last November,

At 3 p.m. yesterday Before they left/ before 2000

At this time next week Since, for, ever, already, yet,


1. I (learn) English for seven years now.
2. But last year I (not / work) hard enough for English, that's why my marks (not /
be) really that good then.
3. As I (pass / want) my English exam successfully next year, I (study) harder this term.
4. During my last summer holidays, my parents (send) me on a language course to
London.
5. It (be) great and I (think) I (learn) a lot.
6. Before I (go) to London, I (not / enjoy) learning English.
7. But while I (do) the language course, I (meet) lots of young people from all over the
world.
8. There I (notice) how important it (be) to speak foreign languages nowadays.
9. Now I (have) much more fun learning English than I (have) before the course.
10. At the moment I (revise) English grammar.
11. And I (begin / already) to read the texts in my English textbooks again.
12. I (think) I (do) one unit every week.
13. My exam (be) on 15 May, so there (not / be) any time to be lost.
14. If I (pass) my exams successfully, I (start) an apprenticeship in September.
15. And after my apprenticeship, maybe I (go) back to London to work there for a while.
16. As you (see / can) , I (become) a real London fan already.
CONDITIONAL SENTENCE
 Type 1 (POSSIBLE IN FUTURE)
If you come before the meeting, we will have time to talk.
If you come to the meeting, please inform me in advance.
(Should you come to the meeting, please inform me in advance.  INVERSION)

 Type 2 (PRESENT UNREAL)


If my window were larger, I would get more light.
(Were my window larger, I would get more light.  INVERSION)

 Type 3 (PAST UNREAL)


If I had come to her house yesterday, I would have met her.
(Had I come to her house yesterday, I would have met her.  INVERSION)

 Mixed type
If I hadn’t brought an umbrella, I would be wet now.
A/AN THE

1.Not specific (general)


1.Specific
Ex: Do you have a driver's
Ex: I have a cat. The cat is
license?
black.
Ex: Nobody lives on the Moon.
2. To introduce something for
Ex: Can you give
the first time
me the book on the table.
Ex: I have a car.
Mary had been helped (by
me)

I had been helping Mary. Mary had been being helped


(by me)
TENSES ACTIVE PASSIVE
MODALS (can, could, will,
I can help Mary. Mary can be helped.
would, …)

FUTURE CONTINUOUS I will be helping Mary. Mary will be being helped.

FUTURE PERFECT I will have helped Mary. Mary will have been helped.

NEAR FUTURE I am going to help Mary. Mary is going to be helped.


ADJECTIVE: Ving – Ved

V-ing = active meaning: describe how a thing affects to people.


V-ed = passive meaning: describe how people feel about a thing.

EX: 1. This book is interesting.

2. Dave is interested in this book.

3. This movie makes me _________. (interest)  interested

4. This man is very _________. (interest)  interesting


1. Dave is at the new laptop that his dad buys for him.
a. exciting b. excited
2. The new laptop is to Dave with many interesting game.
a. exciting b. excited
3. Dave is very to hear that his dad will buy a new laptop for him.
a. surprising b. surprised
4. Dave is in the new laptop that he has.
a. interesting b. interested
5. The new laptop is to Dave.
a. interesting b. interested
6. Dave is so because of working hard all day.
a. tiring b. tired
7. Dave feels so because of working hard all day.
a. tiring b. tired
8. Working hard all days is to Dave.
a. tiring b. tired
9. Firework is always Dave on New Year Eve.
a. frightening b. frightened
10. Dave is always with firework on New Year Eve.
a. frightening b. frightened