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THE INDUSTRIAL

REVOLUTION
CONTEXT

• It began in Great Britain in the 18th century and within


the next 100 years it had spread to Europe and North
America
• There was a growth in the production of industrial goods
thanks to the development of machinery and factories
• The impact was so great on the economy and society that
historians gave it the name of the ‘Industrial Revolution’
SOCIAL CLASS

The The
proletariat bourgeoisie
-Those who -Those who
worked in had capital to
the factories invest
AGRICULTURE

• New farming techniques including the labour


of the land and livestock breeding created a
greater rate of food production
• This revolution was important as the
demand for food increases with a growing
population
• More food = healthier people = more
workers
TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS

• Railways, roads and canals were introduced, making travel and transport of
goods easier
• Creations of new machinery and energy sources (such as the steam engine)
• The telephone, postage stamp and telegraph were all invented within this
period making communication easier
WHY GREAT BRITAIN?

• It had a strong political system


• Its population growth meant there was a
greater demand
• Had access to resources and raw materials,
specifically coal
• Colonial empire that had access to other
materials, like cotton, and a bigger market for
exports
HOW WAS PRODUCTION MADE POSSIBLE?

• Machinery replaced manual labour and the use of animals


• This made industrial manufacturing and the transportation of
goods easier
• New energy sources such as the use of water and coal to
power and move machinery
• The use of factories led to mass production and an increase
in productivity