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Potassium

Bitartrate
C4H5O6K
Overview
POTASSIUM BITARTRATE
• is also known as potassium acid tartrate or cream
of tartar.
USES:
as an additive, stabilizer, pH control agent,
antimicrobial agent, processing aid, or thickener in
various food products
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES:
Colorless Crystals Or White, Crystalline Powder
Objectives:
At the end of this experiment students should know
how to:

• Synthesize the Potassium Bitartrate and test for its


identity

• And identify its medicinal use.


Reagents:
• Potassium sodium tartrate
• 50% alcohol
• Silver nitrate
• Resorcinol
• Conc. Sulfuric acid
• Ferrous sulfate T.S
• Diluted Acetic acid
• Sodium Hydroxide
• Ammonia T.S
• Conc. Hydrochloric acid
• Conc. Acetic acid
• Hydrogen peroxide T.S
PROCEDURE
Identification Test
• Heat the crystals at high temperature

RESULT: Formation of ash like forming charcoal


• Dissolve the residue in water and perform Beilstein’s
test.

RESULT: Negative result for Beilstein’s test.


Identification Test
• Prepare a saturated aqueous solution of potassium
bitartrate , neutralized with Sodium hydroxide, add
Silver nitrate T.S
To the precipitate formed, dissolved it with Ammonia
T.S and the solution warmed.

RESULT: silver mirror/ metallic silveris deported along


the inner walls of the test tube

Chemical Reaction:
Identification Test
• Prepare a Resorcinol solution in Hydrochloric acid.
Add few drops of this solution to a dry salt of
potassium bitatrate. Then add 3ml of sulfuric acid
and slowly heat the solution.
RESULT: Formation of red rose color and after heating it
becomes colorless

• Acidify a tartrate solution with Acetic acid. Add


drop of Ferrous sulfate T.S and Hydrogen peroxide
T.S , the add an excess of Sodium Hydroxide
RESULT: solution become Violet/ purple colour
Question for Research
• Give the synonyms of Potassium sodium
tartrate and Potassium Bitartrate

- cream of tartar
- potassium hydrogen tartrate
- Tartar

- rochelle salt
- seignette salt
Question for Research
• Why is the precipitate washed with alcohol and not
with water?

RESULT: It is washed with alcohol and not with water


because it is miscible with water and the product will
be dried quickly if washed with alcohol.
Question for Research
• State 3 uses of potassium bitartrate in medicine and
in the industry
- Diuretic (dose 2-8g)
- Urinary acidifier (dose 2-8g)
- Saline laxative (16-30g)
- It is also used dusting powder in surgery and more
bacteriostatic

- It can also be used in cooking, baking and


cleaning.