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KARYA ARSITEKTUR

Fakultas Saintek Jurusan Teknik Arsitektur UIN Alauddin Makassar


Citra Sti Rahma
Tabel 2.1. Kronologi Arsitektur Klasik di Eropa Menurut Sumalyo

Abad SM-M
Bangsa/Wilayah/
4 3 2 1 Abad ke (Masehi)
Jaman
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Yunani 3000an-30 SM

Romawi 300anSM-365 M

Kristen Awal 313M–800 M


Byzantine 330 M–1453 M
Romanesque Abad 9 M
Gothic Abad 12-16 M
Renaissance Abad 15 & Sesudahnya
Baroque Sejak abad 17
Neo-Classic Abad 18-hingga

Eclectic sekarang

Sumber: Sumalyo, 2003 : 3 & 533, telah direduksi-red


Tabel 2.2. Perkembangan Tradisi-Tradisi Arsitektur Periode 1920-1970 M Menurut Jencks

Tradisi-Tradisi 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970

IndustrialDesign PARAMETRIC
FUNCTIONALISM Brutalism
Logis (logic) Engineering
Constructivist

Purism Academic
Idealis HEROIC Historicism BUREUCRATIC
(idealist ) Monumental Pragmatic
BEAUX ARTS FACIST
Classical Racist Formalism
Sadar Diri Capitalist
(self concious) Communist
Traditional
Fantastic Pop
Expressionism Organic
Responsive
Intuitif (intuitive)
Streamline
Mutualism
UTOPIAN
Futurism Expendable
Aktifis (activist) Constructivism Metabolist
Communist
Traditional Hybrid
FOLK Do it your self
Tak Sadar Diri
Vernacular ADHOCISM
(unself concious)
Nep Eclectic Consumer Mobile
Sumber: Jencks, 1968:28, telah direduksi-red
Tabel 2.4. Perkembangan Arsitektur Post-Modernism Menurut Jencks
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980
Aliran-Aliran
VENTURI
REGIONALISM
HISTORICISM FORMALISM VENTURI SCHOOL MOORE
NEO-STYLES NEO-LIBERTY NEO-SHINGLE STYLE
PORTOGHESI RADICAL ECLECTICISM STERN
GRAVES
JAPAN STYLE HOLLEIN
STRAIGHT ORNAMENT POST-MODERN CLASSICISM
DISNEYLAND BOLOGNA
REVIVALISM TRUE VERNACULAR PASTICHE GAY ECLECTIC
ARQUITECTONICA
NEO VERNACULAR REGIONALISM REHABILITATION
INSTANT COMMUNITIES
SELLERS ADHOCISM
GOFF SURRATIONALISM
ARAU OMA
CONTEXTUALISM
AD-HOC URBANIST BOFILL L. KRIER STIRLING
LA TENDENZA
NEO-RATIONALISM
UNGER ROSSI
TAKEYAMA TIGERMAN
SITE
METAPHOR UTZON MOZUNA
METAPHISICAL RONCHAMP SEMIOTIC
MEANING IN ARCHITECTURE ANTHROPOMORPHISM
FACE HOUSES
SKEWS, DIAGONALS
VENTURI ASYMMETRICAL SYMMETRY VENTURI
POST-MODERN SUPERGRAPHICS SHIFTED AXES
KAHN MOORE DEMI-FORMS+SURPRISES
SPACE AALTO LAYERING+AMBIGUITY
SCHAROUN FRONTALITY/ROTATION PELLI
LE CORBUSIER MEIER EISENMAN MOZUNA
Sumber: Jencks, 1982:100, telah direduksi-red
Tabel 2. 5. Prinsip-Prinsip dan Kecenderungan Arsitektural Menurut Schirmbeck

1840 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980

Rational Principles

1st epoch Rationalism


modern
architecture
Phase 2
Early steel 1st Chicago International
buildings School Style 3rd epoch modern architecture

2nd Chicago
Functional style
School
Neo-
Classicism Expressionism
Principles
Symbolic

Eclecticism
Art Nouveau
Neo-Ghotic 1st epoch Blood and Post
modern soil Brutalism Modernism
Neo- architecture architecture
Romantic Phase 1
Psychological
Principles

2nd Epoch
Modern
Metabolism Structuralism
Architecture

Sumber: Schirmbeck, 1993:169