Anda di halaman 1dari 22

KETEPATGUNAAN

KRITERIA DAN SYARAT TTG


CIRI TTG
PENERAPAN TTG
KRITERIA TTG

1. Teknologi itu ekonomis (viable),


2. Teknologi itu dapat dipertanggung jawabkan
(technically feasible) dan
3. Teknologi dapat beradaptasi secara mapan kepada
lingkungan kultur dan sosial (socially acceptable
and ecologically sound).
Persyaratan Teknis TTG :

1. Memperhatikan kelestarian lingkungan, menggunakan


sebanyak mungkin bahan baku dan sumber energi
setempat dan sesedikit menggunakan bahan baku
import.
2. Jumlah produksi cukup dan mutu produksi diterima
pasar.
3. Menjamin hasil dapat diangkut ke pasar dengan sarana
angkutan yang tersedia dan yang masih dapat
dikembangkan, sehingga terhindar dari kerusakan
mutu produk, serta menjamin kesinambungan
penyediaan pasokan (suplay).
4. Memperhatikan ketertersediaan alat, serta operasi dan
perawatannya demi kesinambungan persyaratan teknis.
Persyaratan Sosial

1. Memanfaatkan keterampilan yang ada atau ketrampilan


yang mudah pemindahannya, serta mencegah latihan
ulang yang sukar dilakukan, mahal dan memakan waktu
2. Menjamin perluasan lapangan kerja .
3. Menekan serendah mungkin pergeseran tenaga kerja
yang mengakibatkan pengangguran.
4. Membatasi ketegangan sosial dan budaya, dengan
mengatur agar peningkatan produksi berlangsung dalam
batas-batas tertentu,
5. Menjamin agar peningkatan produksi serasi dengan
peningkatan yang merata atas pendapatan
Persyaratan Ekonomi

1. Membatasi sesedikit mungkin kebutuhan modal


2. Menambah /meningkatkan pendapatan
3. Mengarahkan penggunaan modal, agar sesuai
dengan rencana pengembangan
4. Menjamin agar hasil dan keuntungan kembali
kepada produsen.
5. Mengarahkan usaha pada pengelompokan secara
koperatif.
Ketepatgunaan (Kesesuaian) :

1. Apabila teknologi itu sebanyak mungkin


menggunakan sumber-sumber yang tersedia
banyak di suatu tempat
2. Apabila teknologi itu sebanyak mungkin
menggunakan sumber-sumber yang terdapat
sedikit di suatu tempat
3. Apabila teknologi itu sesuai dengan keadaan
ekonomi dan sosial masyarakat setempat dan
4. Apabila teknologi itu membantu memecahkan
persoalan/masalah yang sebenarnya.
Tujuan TTG :

 Melihat pemecahan-pemecahan terhadap masalah-


masalah tertentu dan menganjurkan mengapa hal
itu “sesuai”.
Ciri-Ciri TTG :

1. Perbaikan teknologi tradisional


2. Biaya investasi cukup rendah,
3. Teknis cukup sederhana dan mampu dipelihara dan
didukung oleh keterampilan setempat,
4. Masyarakat mengenal dan mampu mengatasi
lingkungannya
5. Cara pendayagunaan sumber-sumber setempat
termasuk sumber alam/energi/bahan secara lebih
baik/optimal dan
6. Alat mandiri masyarakat dan mengurangi
ketergantungan kepada “pihak luar” (self-realiance
motivated).
Penerapan TTG :
 Penerapan TTG adalah usaha pembaharuan. Meski
pembaharuan tidak mencolok dan masih dalam
jangkauan masyarakat, tetapi harus diserasikan
dengan keadaan sosial, ekonomi dan budaya
masyarakat setempat serta alam.
 Usaha pembaharuan dirancang sedemikan rupa
sehingga masyarakat merasa bahwa pembaharuan
adalah prakarsa mereka sendiri. Berarti di dalam
pembaharuan teknologi itu, terdapat minat dan
semangat dari masyarakat.
 Dampak lingkungan yang disebabkan penerapan
Teknologi Tepat Guna (TTG) harus lebih kecil
dibandingkan pemakaian teknologi tradisional
maupun teknologi maju.
10 Dasar Pengembangan
Tehnologi Tepat Guna
1. FREEDOM IN THINKING, RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT
2. SYSTEMIC THINKING and IMPLEMENTING AND
INTEGRATED APPROACH
3. BELONG TO SOLUTION GROUP and AGENT OF CHANGE
4. ACADEMIC, SKILL AND PROFESSIONAL IMPROVEMENT
5. NETWORKING AND ICT BASE DEVELOPMENT
6. ENGLISH SPEAKING PROGRAM
7. LOCAL, NATIONAL AND GLOBAL- NETWORK BASED
DEVELOPMENT
8. COMMUNITY BASED THINKING AND DEVELOPMENT
(GRASS ROOT-APPROACH and HELPING PEOPLE (POOR)
9. ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY DEVELOPMENT
10.CREATIVE PRODUCTS on APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY
1. FREEDOM IN THINKING, RESEARCH AND
IMPLEMENTATION of APPROPRIATE
TECHNOLOGY

We are always WAITING FOR ORDER AND UNCONFIDENT


TO DO Works, so …please change…!!!!
Please, do INOVATIONS even crazy things,
a. Please, move out your expression,
b. Please, try uncommon things,
c. Please, free your self from unconfident to try and to do
something,Please, change your idea and Imaginations
into Reality
Always with pleasure and high motivation,
Make sure that you can do even better results
2. SYSTEMIC THINKING in PLANNING and
IMPLEMENTATION with INTEGRATED
APPROACH

 There are no “stands alone” problem.


A Problem is always connected with the
other problems.
So ……
 We have to think and develop Appropriate
Technology integrally and systemically. We
leave the sector, temporal and local thinking.
3. BELONG TO SOLUTION GROUP and AGENT OF
CHANGE USING APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY

 We belong not to a group, which is only


satisfied with problem analysis and conclusions.
 But we belong to the agent of change group,
which always try to find out the problems and
propose and do the solution with knowledge
and appropriate technology of our own
hands.
4. ACADEMIC, SKILL AND PROFESSIONAL
IMPROVEMENT

INDONESIA, nowadays is a “SKILL LESS


and PROFESIONAL- LESS NATION”
 So …..
We have to develop generations, which able in
academic and skill as well as in working
professionally doe to Appropriate Technology
 But, before we try those,
WE HAVE TO internalize those to us first.
So, in the Final Work (S1), Thesis (S2) and Ph.D Work
(S3), The STUDENT will never past the final
examination without;

 THE RIGHT HAND IS HOLDING THE FINAL


WORK, THESIS or Ph.D MANUSCRIP,

 THE LEFT HAND IS HOLDING THE REAL


EQUIPMENT/ PRODUCT of Appropriate Technology
DERIVATED FROM THE THESIS, Final Work or
Ph.D Work.

 THE BRAIN, HEART and SPIRIT are motivated to


do the best for God and all Creatures.
5. NETWORKING AND ICT BASE
DEVELOPMENT

 Appropriate Technology, INDIVIDU, GROUP AND


INSTITUTION CAN ONLY BE DEVELOP, IF THEY ARE
CONNECTED and INCLUDED IN THE DINAMIC GLOBAL,
REGIONAL AND LOCAL NETWORKS.

 Appropriate Technology must be developed


using ICT, WITHOUT ICT , It will be totally
LATE
SO …for Appropriate Technology development

 WE HAVE TO CREATE AND DEVELOP NETWORK rapidly


 WE HAVE TO USE and ABLE ICT in SOFTWARE,
HARDWARE as well as ICT MANAGEMENT.
6.INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE
(ENGLISH)

 We are living in the era of


“GLOBALIZATION” with international
language (English). We will late and lose in
several negotiations without English.

 So, we have to use English as our second


language for developing the Appropriate
Technology
7. LOCAL and NATIONAL BASE
DEVELOPMENT

 GLOBAL ERA MEANS MORE EXTERNAL ACTORS


PENETRATE LOCAL RESOURCES, so local and
national Human Resources development must be
accelerated.

 Appropriate Technology Development must be based


on the real problems and real needs of the local
community.

 Appropriate Technology must be developed within


community

 Community must be promote to have and develop


appropriate technology
8.PRO-POOR AND COMMUNITY BASED
THINGKING AND DEVELOPMENT

40 % of Indonesian People are living under the


“poor line” and no one know when it changes.

Therefore …
 Appropriate Technology is relevant to help the poor
and also poor community
 Avery Appropriate Technology must be appropriate
also to the poor/community and can be adopted well
by them.
9. CREATIVE PRODUCTS in APPROPRIATE
TECHNOLOGY

 Creative equipments and products


 Creative products mean high value and
promoting market
 Creative products create creative and
innovative development
 Creative products create more opportunities.
10. ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY
DEVELOPMENT on APPROPRIATE
TECHNOLOGY

Environmental Hazardous and


degradations are already in the
dangerous condition ( flood, drought,
air-water pollution, …),
Therefore ……..
 Appropriate Technology must be
developed environmental friendly
 Appropriate Technology must be also
developed for environmental
conservations
Referensi

 Anonim, diunduh dari http://hack-


3r.blogspot.com/2011/09/teknologi-tepat-guna.html
 Maryono, Agus, 2010, Conception on
APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
in Indonesia , Faculty of Technology, University of
Gadjah Mada . Disampaikan dalam Gelar Tehnologi
Tepat Guna Nasional, Yogyakarta, 2012