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Hukum Fisika dalam

Penerbangan
Novia Ayu Rahma
1510211152
2
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Hukum Boyle
P1afterV1after = P2beforeV2before
PV=C
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Hukum Boyle

▫ Pada temperatur konstan volume suatu gas dengan


massa tertentu , berbanding terbalik dengan tekanan.
▫ Perubahan tekanan saat berada di ketinggian  gas
di rongga tubuh  trapped gas  rasa nyeri dan
kembung.
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6
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Hukum Dalton
▫ PT = P1 + P2 + ........ + Pn
▫ PT = Tekanan total campuran gas
▫ P1, P2 dan seterusnya adalah tekanan
parsial masing-masing gas.
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Hukum Dalton

▫ Total tekanan dalam campuran gas setara dengan jumlah


dari tekanan parsial setiap gas dalam campuran tersebut.
▫ Hukum ini menjelaskan terjadinya hipoksia (kurangnya
oksigen dalam jaringan). Ketinggian akan menyebabkan
turunnya tekanan atmosfer beserta seluruh tekanan
parsialnya, termasuk oksigen.
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▫ Hukum ini penting untuk menghitung tekanan parsial


gas dalam suatu campuran gas, misalnya menghitung
tekanan parsial oksigen dalam udara pernapasan
pada beberapa ketinggian guna menjelaskan masalah
hipoksia. Hukum ini mengatakan bahwa tekanan total
suatu campuran gas sama dengan jumlah tekanan
parsial gas-gas penyusun campuran tersebut.
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pNO2+pO2+pH2O+pCO2=760mmHg
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Hukum Charles
P1 : P2 = T1 : T2
P1 = Tekanan semula
P2 = Tekanan yang baru
T1 = Suhu absolut mula-mula
T2 = Suhu absolut kemudian
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Hukum Charles

▫ Tekanan suatu gas berbanding lurus dengan


temperaturnya.
▫ Pada penerbangan tinggi maka tekanan O2 akan semakin
rendah  persediaan O2 makin berkurang
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Hukum Graham
Hukum difusi gas
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Hukum Graham

▫ Hukum difusi gas ini penting untuk menjelaskan


pernapasan, baik pernapasan luar maupun dalam. Hukum
ini mengatakan bahwa gas akan berdifusi dari tempat yang
bertekanan parsialnya tinggi menuju ke tempat yang
tekanan parsialnya rendah.
▫ Sedang kecepatan berdifusi ini ditentukan oleh besarnya
selisih tekanan parsial tersebut dan tebalnya dinding
pemisah
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Hukum Henry
▫ A1 x P2 = A2 x P2
▫ A = jumlah gas yang larut
▫ P = Tekanan parsial gas pada permukaan
cairan
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Hukum Henry

Hukum ini mengatakan bahwa jumlah gas yang larut


dalam suatu cairan tertentu berbanding lurus dengan
tekanan parsial gas tersebut pada permukaan cairan
itu.
Jumlah gas yang terlarut dalam larutan berhubungan
langsung dengan tekanan yang diterima oleh larutan
tersebut.
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18

Daftar pustaka

▫ Martini Physiology
▫ Dasar-dasar ilmu penerbangan TNI-AU
▫ Kedokteran penerbangan UI
19
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Hello!
I am Jayden Smith
I am here because I love to give presentations.
You can find me at @username
1.
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Let’s start with the first set of slides
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Quotations are commonly printed as
a means of inspiration and to invoke
philosophical thoughts from the
reader.
24

You can also split your content

White Black
Is the color of milk and fresh Is the color of coal, ebony, and of
snow, the color produced by the outer space. It is the darkest
combination of all the colors of color, the result of the absence
the visible spectrum. of or complete absorption of
light.
25

In two or three columns

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, Is the colour of the Is the color of blood,
butter and ripe lemons. clear sky and the deep and because of this it
In the spectrum of sea. It is located has historically been
visible light, yellow is between violet and associated with
found between green green on the optical sacrifice, danger and
and orange. spectrum. courage.
26

A picture is worth a thousand words

A complex idea can be


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making it possible to
absorb large amounts of
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Use diagrams to explain your ideas

Vestibulum
congue
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And tables to compare data

A B C

Yellow 10 20 7

Blue 30 15 10

Orange 5 24 16
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Maps

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33

Let’s review some concepts

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and Is the colour of the clear sky Is the color of blood, and
ripe lemons. In the spectrum of and the deep sea. It is located because of this it has
visible light, yellow is found between violet and green on the historically been associated
between green and orange. optical spectrum. with sacrifice, danger and
courage.

Yellow Blue Red


Is the color of gold, butter and Is the colour of the clear sky Is the color of blood, and
ripe lemons. In the spectrum of and the deep sea. It is located because of this it has
visible light, yellow is found between violet and green on the historically been associated
between green and orange. optical spectrum. with sacrifice, danger and
courage.
35

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Credits

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