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6.

3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms

Objective:
Prove that a given quadrilateral is a
parallelogram.

Handbook, p. 19
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
If… then...
both pairs of opposite sides are >>
it’s a parallelogram.
parallel (definition), >>
>
one pair of opposite sides are
it’s a parallelogram.
BOTH parallel and congruent (6.3.1), >
both pairs of opposite sides are
it’s a parallelogram.
congruent (6.3.2),
both pairs of opposite angles are
it’s a parallelogram.
congruent (6.3.3),
one angle is supplementary to 1 m2  m1  180
it’s a parallelogram.
both consecutive angles (6.3.4),2 3 m2  m3  180

the diagonals bisect each other (6.3.5), it’s a parallelogram.


6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms

Example 1:
Determine if the quadrilateral
must be a parallelogram. Justify
your answer.

Definition: Both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.


6-3-1: One pair of opposite sides are parallel and congruent.
6-3-2: Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
6-3-3: Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent.
6-3-4: One angle is supplementary to both consecutive angles.
6-3-5: The diagonals bisect each other.

By 6-3-4, the quadrilateral must be a parallelogram.


6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms

Example 2:
Determine if the quadrilateral
must be a parallelogram.
Justify your answer.

Definition: Both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.


6-3-1: One pair of opposite sides are parallel and congruent.
6-3-2: Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
6-3-3: Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent.
6-3-4: One angle is supplementary to both consecutive angles.
6-3-5: The diagonals bisect each other.

Only one pair of opposite angles are congruent, so not


enough information.
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
Example 3:
Determine if the quadrilateral must
be a parallelogram. Justify your
answer.

Is there anything else we can add to our picture?


Definition: Both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.
6-3-1: One pair of opposite sides are parallel and congruent.
6-3-2: Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
6-3-3: Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent.
6-3-4: One angle is supplementary to both consecutive angles.
6-3-5: The diagonals bisect each other.

Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent, so the


quadrilateral must be a parallelogram.
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
Example 4:
Determine if the quadrilateral must
be a parallelogram. Justify your
answer.

Definition: Both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.


6-3-1: One pair of opposite sides are parallel and congruent.
6-3-2: Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
6-3-3: Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent.
6-3-4: One angle is supplementary to both consecutive angles.
6-3-5: The diagonals bisect each other.

Consecutive sides, not opposite sides are marked


congruent, so the quadrilateral IS NOT a parallelogram.
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
Example 5:
Show that JKLM is a
parallelogram for a = 3
and b = 9.
Definition: Both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.

15(3)  11  10(3)  4 5(9)  6  8(9)  21


6-3-1: One pair of opposite sides are parallel and congruent.
6-3-2: Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
6-3-3: Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent.
34  34 51  51
6-3-4: One angle is supplementary to both consecutive angles.
6-3-5: The diagonals bisect each other.

Since both pairs of opposite sides are congruent JKLM is a


parallelogram.
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
Example 6:
Show that PQRS is a
parallelogram for a = 2.4
and b = 9.

What will a and b let me find?


7(2.4)  2(2.4)  12 10(9)  16  9(9)  25  180
Definition: Both pairs of opposite sides are parallel.
6-3-1: One pair of opposite sides are parallel and congruent.
16.8  16.8 90  16  81  25  180
6-3-2: Both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
6-3-3: Both pairs of opposite angles are congruent.
180  180
6-3-4: One angle is supplementary to both consecutive angles.
6-3-5: The diagonals bisect each other.

Since one pair of opposite sides are both parallel and


congruent, PQRS is a parallelogram.
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
Example 7:
Show that quadrilateral JKLM is a parallelogram by using the
definition of parallelogram. J(–1, –6), K(–4, –1), L(4, 5), M(7, 0).
Definition: Opposite sides are parallel, so we need to show:
slope JK = slope LM slope KL = slope JM
1  6 05 5  1 0  6
4  1 74 4  4 7  1
5 5 6 6
3 3 8 8
Since slopes of opposite sides are the same, the opposite
sides are parallel.
6.3 Proving Quadrilaterals are Parallelograms
Example 8:
Show that quadrilateral ABCD is a parallelogram by using Theorem
6-3-1 if A(2, 3), B(6, 2), C(5, 0), and D(1, 1).
6.3 Assignment

p. 402: 9-23, 26