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# 6.

3 Proving
Parallelograms
Geometry
Objectives:
 Prove that a quadrilateral is a
parallelogram.
 Use coordinate geometry with
parallelograms.
Theorems
A
B
Theorem 6.6: If both
pairs of opposite
sides of a
congruent, then the
ABCD is a parallelogram.
parallelogram.
Theorems
A
B
Theorem 6.7: If both
pairs of opposite
angles of a
congruent, then the
ABCD is a parallelogram.
parallelogram.
Theorems
A
B
Theorem 6.8: If an (180 – x)° x°
angle of a
supplementary x°
D C
to both of its
consecutive
ABCD is a parallelogram.
angles, then the
parallelogram.
Theorems
A
B

## Theorem 6.9: If the

diagonals of a
bisect each other, D
C
then the
ABCD is a parallelogram.
parallelogram.
C B

## Ex. 1: Proof of Theorem 6.6

Statements: Reasons: D A

2. AC ≅ AC
3. ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA
4. BAC ≅ DCA,
DAC ≅ BCA
6. ABCD is a 
C B

## Ex. 1: Proof of Theorem 6.6

Statements: Reasons: D A
1. AB ≅ CD, AD ≅ CB. 1. Given
2. AC ≅ AC 2. Reflexive Prop. of Congruence

3. ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA
4. BAC ≅ DCA, DAC
≅ BCA
6. ABCD is a 
C B

## Ex. 1: Proof of Theorem 6.6

Statements: Reasons: D A
1. AB ≅ CD, AD ≅ CB. 1. Given
2. AC ≅ AC 2. Reflexive Prop. of Congruence

## 3. ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA 3. SSS Congruence Postulate

4. BAC ≅ DCA, DAC
≅ BCA
6. ABCD is a 
C B

## Ex. 1: Proof of Theorem 6.6

Statements: Reasons: D A
1. AB ≅ CD, AD ≅ CB. 1. Given
2. AC ≅ AC 2. Reflexive Prop. of Congruence

## 3. ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA 3. SSS Congruence Postulate

4. BAC ≅ DCA, DAC 4. CPCTC
≅ BCA
6. ABCD is a 
C B

## Ex. 1: Proof of Theorem 6.6

Statements: Reasons: D A
1. AB ≅ CD, AD ≅ CB. 1. Given
2. AC ≅ AC 2. Reflexive Prop. of Congruence

## 3. ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA 3. SSS Congruence Postulate

4. BAC ≅ DCA, DAC 4. CPCTC
≅ BCA
5. AB║CD, AD ║CB. 5. Alternate Interior s Converse
6. ABCD is a 
C B

## Ex. 1: Proof of Theorem 6.6

Statements: Reasons: D A
1. AB ≅ CD, AD ≅ CB. 1. Given
2. AC ≅ AC 2. Reflexive Prop. of Congruence

## 3. ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA 3. SSS Congruence Postulate

4. BAC ≅ DCA, DAC 4. CPCTC
≅ BCA
5. AB║CD, AD ║CB. 5. Alternate Interior s Converse
6. ABCD is a  6. Def. of a parallelogram.
Parallelograms

##  As the sewing box below is opened, the

trays are always parallel to each other.
Why? 2 in.

## 2.75 in. 2.75 in.

2 in.
Parallelograms
 Each pair of hinges are
opposite sides of a
quadrilateral. The 2.75 inch 2 in.
opposite and congruent. The
2 inch sides are also opposite
and congruent. Because 2.75 in. 2.75 in.
opposite sides of the
is a parallelogram. By the
definition of a parallelogram,
opposite sides are parallel, so 2 in.
the trays of the sewing box
are always parallel.
Another Theorem ~
 Theorem 6.10—If one pair of opposite
sides of a quadrilateral are congruent and
parallel, then the quadrilateral is a
parallelogram. B C

 ABCD is a
parallelogram.
A
D
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A

Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA
3. AC ≅ AC
4. BC ≅ DA
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA
6. AB ≅ CD
7. ABCD is a 
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A

Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA 2. Alt. Int. s Thm.
3. AC ≅ AC
4. BC ≅ DA
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA
6. AB ≅ CD
7. ABCD is a 
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A

Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA 2. Alt. Int. s Thm.
3. AC ≅ AC 3. Reflexive Property
4. BC ≅ DA
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA
6. AB ≅ CD
7. ABCD is a 
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A

Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA 2. Alt. Int. s Thm.
3. AC ≅ AC 3. Reflexive Property
4. BC ≅ DA 4. Given
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA
6. AB ≅ CD
7. ABCD is a 
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A

Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA 2. Alt. Int. s Thm.
3. AC ≅ AC 3. Reflexive Property
4. BC ≅ DA 4. Given
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA 5. SAS Congruence Post.
6. AB ≅ CD
7. ABCD is a 
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A

Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA 2. Alt. Int. s Thm.
3. AC ≅ AC 3. Reflexive Property
4. BC ≅ DA 4. Given
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA 5. SAS Congruence Post.
6. AB ≅ CD 6. CPCTC
7. ABCD is a 
Ex. 3: Proof of Theorem 6.10 C
B

Given: BC║DA, BC ≅ DA
Prove: ABCD is a 
D A
Statements: Reasons:
1. BC ║DA 1. Given
2. DAC ≅ BCA 2. Alt. Int. s Thm.
3. AC ≅ AC 3. Reflexive Property
4. BC ≅ DA 4. Given
5. ∆BAC ≅ ∆DCA 5. SAS Congruence Post.
6. AB ≅ CD 6. CPCTC
7. ABCD is a  7. If opp. sides of a quad.
are ≅, then it is a .
Objective 2: Using Coordinate Geometry

##  When a figure is in the coordinate plane,

you can use the Distance Formula (see—it
never goes away) to prove that sides are
congruent and you can use the slope
formula (see how you use this again?) to
prove sides are parallel.
Ex. 4: Using properties of parallelograms
 Show that A(2, -1), B(1,
6

## are the vertices of a 4

parallelogram. B(1, 3)

D(7, 1)

5 1

A(2, -1)
-2

-4
Ex. 4: Using properties of parallelograms
 Method 1—Show that opposite
sides have the same slope, so 6
they are parallel.
C(6, 5)
 Slope of AB.
 3-(-1) = - 4 4

1-2 B(1, 3)

 Slope of CD.
1–5=-4
2

7–6 D(7, 1)
 Slope of BC.
5–3=2
5 1

6 -1 5 A(2, -1)

 Slope of DA. -2

 -1–1=2
2- 7 5 -4

##  AB and CD have the same

slope, so they are parallel. Because opposite sides are
Similarly, BC ║ DA.
parallel, ABCD is a
parallelogram.
Ex. 4: Using properties of parallelograms
 Method 2—Show that
opposite sides have the 6

C(6, 5)
same length.
AB=√(1 – 2)2 + [3 – (- 1)2] = √17
4

B(1, 3)
 CD=√(7 – 6)2 + (1 - 5)2 = √17
BC=√(6 – 1)2 + (5 - 3)2 = √29
2

 DA= √(2 – 7)2 + (-1 - 1)2 = √29 D(7, 1)

5 1

## sides are congruent, ABCD is a

parallelogram. -4
Ex. 4: Using properties of parallelograms
 Method 3—Show that
6

## sides is congruent and 4

parallel. B(1, 3)

 Slope of AB = Slope of CD 2

= -4 D(7, 1)

 AB=CD = √17 5 1

A(2, -1)
-2

##  AB and CD are congruent

and parallel, so ABCD is a -4

parallelogram.